All over the world, women experience unwanted pregnancy; some of these women seek to terminate the pregnancy by safe medical means, if possible but often by whatever available. The termination of pregnancies most generally known as “abortion” is a universal phenomenon occurring throughout all levels of societal organization and recorded history. Techniques implemented are highly varied, as are circumstances under which it is practiced. Abortion is not unique at any point in time or level of societal organization. It has existed before history started to be recorded and it still exists till today.
An abortion by definition is the discarding by the uterus of the product of conception before the 24th week of pregnancy. Adolescence is often a turbulent time, caught between childhood and adulthood. The adolescents face some unique problems. It is also referred to as the period between puberty and maturity (that is, between 11 to 18 years of age). Generally, several factors were adduced as reasons why people (Females) engage in the practice of abortion. These reasons vary among women of all ages and circumstance surrounding the pregnancy.
Lack of Financial Assistance?Due to the poor economic situation economic imbroglio – a complex and complicating economic situation the fear for financial difficulty to arise the child, what other people might think or say concerning the nine months of pregnancy and the psychological fear of scaling through the nine months is one of the major factors or causes of the practice of abortion among most adolescents. This could also be said to be a consequence of lack of confidence in God since the most beautiful desire of a woman should be her own child i. . having her own child. In respect tot adolescents who in their young age might lack finance to rarise a child especially when their partners do not own to the responsibility of the pregnancy. Also, the false value society we all are living in which the economic situation sees to be deteriorating and as such making child bearing and rearing a luxury. • Fear of What Parents Might Say?Most adolescents stand in awe of their parents and as such nurse the fear of what would or might be the parents response should they caught pregnant.
The fear of carrying it for nine months, all the discomfort – in each stages of each trimester, all subsequently lead to abortion especially where the carrier is inexperienced as in the case of adolescents (i. e. teenage girls). • Another Situation can be Attributed to Rape?Rape is a horrible abuse with traumatic effect for many of its victims. For a teenage girl who carries in her entrails, a creature fruit of a rape is not helpful at all, to know that pregnancy rarely happed in these cases.
Other causes responsible for abortion which does not necessarily have to do with the adolescents alone are those resulting from ill death or health problems, hormonal contraceptive and so on. CONSEQUENCES OF ABORTION? In the case of cervical methods of abortion where dilation of the uterus is required, series of instruments of increasing size are inserted into the cervix, the forceful stretching by the abortionist to open the cervix which of course takes over a period of many hours can result in permanent physical injury to the mother. 0 More so, in suction abortion, where smaller tubes requiring little dilation of the cervix. That in “menstrual extraction” where the fatal remains are not removed completely, infection often results, which will therefore require a full dilation of the cervix and scraping out of the womb. Another consequence can be seen in the case of Hysterectomy or caesarean section, used mainly in the last three months of pregnancy (7 months).
The womb is entered by surgery through the wall of the abdomen. The technique is similar to a caesarean delivery, except that the umbilical cord is usually cut while the baby is still in the womb. The possible resultant effect of this section is death, as some women do not survive it, and some who survive are often faced up with other complications such as damaged wombs, perennial cervix pain and so on.
As a matter of fact for young women ages 15-19 worldwide who engage in the act of abortion it is the leading cause of disease, infertility, birth complications and ultimately death. In a study of post-abortion patients, only 8 weeks after their abortion researcher found that 44% complained of nervous disorders, 36%had experienced sleep disturbance, 1% had regret their decision, and 11% had been described psychotropic medicine by their family doctors.
Women who have had abortions are significantly more likely than others to subsequently require admission to a psychiatric hospital, at especially high risk are teenagers and women with a history of more than one abortion attempt, such complications or post abortion affects or post-abortion syndrome (PAS) as it is commonly called, that are common to women especially adolescents are as follow. CONCLUSION ?It should be noted that parents, government and youths all have their rules to play in making sure that this social ill is eradicated in every facet of life.
In the overall analysis, more enlightenment needs to be done to make sure people known the evils involved in this issue of abortion. There is the need for family planning to intensify in the different localities of the country. Women are advised to keep their bodies and abstain from sex except with their husband. People should rather go for the other alternatives and not endanger their lives through procuring abortion. Abortion in all ways should be discouraged because a very high