Proposed Electrical Design Essay

FEASIBILITY STUDY ON “THE PROPOSED ELECTRICAL DESIGN AND ESTIMATES FOR WVCST, COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING BUILDING” Presented to The Faculty of the College of Engineering Western Visayas College of Science and Technology Burgos St. , La Paz, Iloilo City Philippines In Partial Fulfillment Of the Requirements for the Course EE 25 (Feasibility Study) By JOHRIEL T. PARA-ON ALDIN ALINDAY HOPE MADERA March 2005 APPROVAL SHEET

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering, this project study entitled “Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” was prepared and presented by Johriel T. Para-on, Aldin Alinday, and Hope Madera, who are hereby recommended for oral examination. ENGR. ERWIN TIPAWAN, REE Adviser Approved by the Committee on Oral Examination with a Grade of ___________. ENGR. GABRIEL M. SALISTRE, JR. , REE Dean College of Engineering & Architecture ENGR.

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SAMMY CHUA, REE Member ENGR. JOEL LAMELA, REE Member Accepted and approved in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering. ENGR. RICHARD DE LEON, MEE Instructor, Proposed Project Study Date: ENGR. GABRIEL M. SALISTRE, JR. , REE Dean College of Engineering & Architecture Date: AKNOWLEDGEMENT The proponents wishes to express sincere appreciation and gratitude to all those were involved in the successful completion of the project study for without them this project was not made possible.

Their sincerest thanks to the following. First and foremost, The ALMIGHTY GOD for giving us strength, good health and all the graces and blessings in our life. To our Parents, Brothers, and Sisters for their untiring and invaluable support and guidance throughout the making of this project. To ENGR. RICHARD DE LEON, our instructor in project study for his support and encouragement in technical writing. ENGR. ERWIN TIPAWAN, our project adviser, who despite hectic schedule, still found time to read our drafts, gave suggestions and made corrections.

To ENGR. JOVITO D. HABARADAS, JR our instructor in Electrical System Design for giving us advice and more knowledge in making an electrical design and estimates for high rise buildings. Also to the Western Lamp for allowing us to canvass the electrical materials. And to many others unnamed and countless personalities who in one way or another provided varying levels of motivation, contributed their ideas, provided us with needed materials and references, gave moral support, and guidance; our sincerest thanks. JOHRIEL ALDIN HOPE

ABSTRACT The primary objective of this proposed project is to determine the viability of The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building. The result of this proposed project, therefore reveals the viability on the following aspects. Market Aspects. The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building has no target market in terms of money because it is intended for better education of students in WVCST, Electrical Engineering Department.

But this Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building shows how effective are the students of Electrical Engineering Department in making such electrical design and estimates. Technical Aspects. The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building is based on the following considerations: a. ) The architect of the proposed project has given us to do a responsibility in doing a Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building, it includes electrical design and layout and electrical estimates. ) The idea of Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building is badly needed by the Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building to have elegance structure of the building. c. ) The WVCST Administration is willing to provide an adequate amount and materials necessary for the operation of the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building. d. ) It is important and necessary to have its own building for the students of Engineering Department to their studies and improve their learning.

Management Aspect. The management aspect of this study reveals that The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be managed by the WVCST Administration includes the President, Dean and Department Heads of the College of Engineering and faculty members. The Professional Electrical Engineer who shall approve or seal the electrical design made by the proponents, and the Electrical Engineer shall supervise the proponents. Financial Aspect.

The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be finance by the WVCST Administration and thru the help of the national and local official of country. Socio-Economic Aspect. This aspect reveals the socio-economic contributions of The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building. These includes: 1. It will uplift the morale of the people inside the campus especially the Electrical Engineering Department because their students made a very good design for The Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building 2.

It will encourage the students to study better in WVCST College of Engineering. 3. Many students will enroll and study Electrical Engineering in the College of Engineering. 4. It adds employment in teaching, labor, and office works. 5. The WVCST, College of Engineering will be known as the center of engineering school in Western Visayas because of the quality standard of education here. TABLE OF CONTENTS P age No. Title Page Approval Sheet Acknowledgement Abstract. Table of Contents List of Tables List of Figures Glossary List of Appendices Chapter 1 PROJECT PROFILE Category Type Proponents Coverage Duration Funding Requirements Contact Person Feasibility 2 BACKGROUND The Problem to be Addressed Project Rationale/Justification 3 MARKETING ASPECT Assessment of the Market Prospect Marketing Plan Demand Analysis Market Study 4 TECHNICAL ASPECT Electrical Plans And Specifications Scope of Work Who Are Allowed To Enter Into Contract Description Of The Area Description Of The Project Technology 1 2 3 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix Design Circuits Calculations Assessment Of Technical Feasibility 5 FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECT Estimated Cost of Materials Breakdown of Financial Cost 6 OPERATIONAL/ MANAGEMENT ASPECT Organizational Chart Analysis of the Organizational Structure and Management Function of the Personnel Gannt Chart Performance Evaluation and Review Technique 7 SOCIO ECONOMIC ASPECT Socio Economic Impact 8 FINDINGS AND SUMMARY, COCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS Findings and Summary Conclusions Recommendations Glossary Bibliography Appendices LIST OF TABLES Table No. 1 D e s c r I p t I o n Page

Standard Ampere Rating For Fuses and Circuit Breaker Allowable Ampacities of Insulation Copper Conductors Not More Than Three Wires in Raceway Maximum Number of Conductor in Trade Sizes of Conduit Tubing Allowable Ampacities of Insulated Conductors Rated 0-2000 Volts 600- 900C Maximum Number of Wires in a Conduit Gantt Chart Estimated Cost of Materials in Panel Board 1A Estimated Cost of Materials in Panel Board 1A Estimated Cost of Materials in Panel Board 2B Estimated Cost of Materials in Panel Board 3A Estimated Cost of Materials in Panel Board 3B Estimated Cost of Materials in Panel Board 3C Estimated Cost of Materials in Panel Board 3 Estimated Cost of Materials in Panel Board 4A Estimated Cost of Materials in Main Circuit Breaker 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 LIST OF FIGURES

Figure 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 D e s c r I p t I o n Figure 1: Vicinity Map Various Convenience Outlet Various Types of Outlets Boxes Branch Circuit Switches Protection: Branch Circuit Molded Case Circuit Breaker Panel Board Organizational Chart Total Estimated Cost of Project Design Circuits Calculations Page No CHAPTER 1 PROJECT PROFILE CATEGORY The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building falls under the category of public service, because this is a government project intended to upgrade the quality standard of education in WVCST especially the College of Engineering. This project will provide electrical design and estimates, for the Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building. TYPE The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building is a government project.

There is no a target market for the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building in terms of money because this is a government project intended for the better education of the student in WVCST especially the College of Engineering. But this Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering building shows how effective are the students of Electrical Engineering Department in making such electrical design and estimates. PROPONENTS 1. Johriel T. Para-on Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering Janiuay, Iloilo 2. Aldin Alinday Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering La Paz, Iloilo City 3. Hope Madera Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering La Paz, Iloilo City COVERAGE The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will provide the following; electrical designs and layout, estimates of material to be used.

Distribution information on all power consuming equipment; lighting details and device branch wiring development will be substantially develop. All electrical equipment schedules will be substantially develops. DURATION The duration of the implementation of this proposed project would last not less than thirty (30) working days and not more than sixty (60) working days depending upon the construction of the Proposed Electrical Engineering building Operations of this proposed project will be operated and manage by duly qualified electrical practitioners. FUNDING REQUIREMENTS The total initial funding requirements of The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be five percent of forty million pesos (P 40,000,000. 0) the total amount of the Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building or two million two hundred thousand pesos (P1,893,492. 695) only. This includes the expenses for electrical materials needed labor cost includes, salary of the workers and engineers operating this project contractor profit, taxes, and contingencies. This broken down as follows: TOTAL ELECTRICAL MATERIAL COST…….. ………… P 1, 178,087. 00 + 5% CONTINGENCIES…………………………………….. P 58, 904. 35 + LABOR COST (35%)……………………………… ……… P 423, 946. 97 + PROFIT (10%)……………………………………….. ……. P 123, 699. 135 + TAXES (8%)…………………………………………. ……. P 108, 855. 24 TOTAL ESTIMATED COST OF PROJECT ……….. …P 1,893,492. 95 CONTACT PERSON The following person has knowledge about “The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” and can be contact. 1. Johriel T. Para-on Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering Western Visayas College of Science and Technology La Paz, Iloilo City 2. Aldin Alinday Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering Western Visayas College of Science and Technology La Paz, Iloilo City 3. Hope Madera Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering Western Visayas College of Science and Technology La Paz, Iloilo City. 4. Arch. Rex De Los Reyes Faculty, Architecture Engineering Department Western Visayas College of Science and Technology La Paz, Iloilo City Mr. Renato O.

Abucion Chairman, Electrical Section Western Visayas College of Science and Technology La Paz, Iloilo City 6. Engr. Gabriel M. Salistre, Jr. Head, Electrical Engineering Department Western Visayas College of Science and Technology La Paz, Iloilo City 7. Engr. Godelyn G. Hisole Dean, College Engineering Department Western Visayas College of Science and Technology La Paz, Iloilo City 8. Dr. Renato V. Alba College President Western Visayas College of Science and Technology FEASIBILITY We are just given a privileged to be part of this project to make an Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building it includes electrical designs and layout, and electrical estimates.

We can say that this proposed project is acceptable in terms of technical, financial, economic, operational aspects and socio-economic especially to the students and to all the people of WVCST benefited this project. The electrical designs are based on Philippine Electrical Code (PEC 1&2) and the materials to be used are high quality standard materials, affordable and bought from the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) registered suppliers. The Professional Electrical Engineer duly approves this Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building. 5. CHAPTER 2 BACKGROUND THE PROBLEM TO BE ADDRESSED Western Visayas College of Science and Technology is on process of development. On February 2005 we are celebrating its 100th year as a center of technological school in Western Visayas.

The College of Engineering in Western Visayas College of Science and Technology, La Paz, Iloilo City was established last nine years ago. Increase of students enrolled every year greatly affects the performance of learning in the college of engineering. We have inadequate lightings in the classroom, insufficient supply of power that destruct during class hour. Also the electrical design and outlets are unorganized that keeps the students in danger all the time. Sometime we are looking an available room to use for temporary as a classroom to satisfy the convenience in learning of the students. Thus the proponents are willing to make a Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building it includes electrical design and layout, and electrical estimates.

PROJECT RATIONALE / JUSTIFICATION Western Visayas College of Science and Technology, College of Engineering, La Paz, Iloilo City is considered as one of the top performing school in the Philippines base from the recent licensure board exam. The WVCST, College of Engineering receives an applause where the pioneer batch of the Electrical Engineering Department 100% percent were passed the Master Electrician Board Exam and 88% percent of them listed in the white list as the latest electrical engineers of the Philippines. The proponents are willing to share an effort to proposed electrical design it includes electrical designs and layout, and electrical estimates for the Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building. The college will have a high quality standard of electrical design.

It will assure the safety of the students, faculties and other personnel working in the building. It will comfort the students and faculties working here. It will increase the morale of the faculty members, employees especially the students studying here. It will increase the quality standard of education in the College of Engineering, which can produce better graduates. Because of modernized building facilities especially in terms of electrical equipment and high quality standards of materials to be used. It’s a great honor to be involved in the WVCST College of Engineering community as a member of the Electrical Engineering Department who proposed he Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building which become a center of technical and engineering school in Western Visayas in the following years. CHAPTER 3 MARKETING ASPECT ASSESSMENT OF MARKET PROSPECTS The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be benefited by the students, faculty members and the people of Western Visayas College of Science and Technology La Paz Iloilo City. The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building has no target market in terms of money because it is intended for better education of students in WVCST, Electrical Engineering Department.

But this Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building shows how effective are the students of Electrical Engineering Department in making such electrical design and estimates. MARKETING PLAN For the high quality standard and modernized materials to be used in The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building the proponents will provide a material needed for normal power distribution system, emergency power system, lightings, lighting control, electrical outlets, emergency cutoff switch, emergency fire alarm, communication system and other facilities and materials needed for quality standard electrical design for the electrical installations of the said proposed project.

On this part of marketing plan the proponents will apply their knowledge and determination in making an electrical design necessary to have an effective quality standard of electrical design for The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building. These shows how talented and knowledgeable are the students of WVCST, College of Engineering, Electrical Engineering Department and through the never ending support, teaching and guidance of its faculty members. Making this design and estimates it will market the electrical engineering graduates of WVCST, College of Engineering, Electrical Engineering Department not only within the school but it makes them proud outside of the campus in the years to come.

DEMAND ANALYSIS Nowadays we are on the modern world, we are using high technological equipment and materials in our lives, and the demand is so high to balance the world we live in. Like in our Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building it needs for us to demand good quality standards of electrical design and materials to be used. Increase of students enrolled every year greatly affects the performance of learning in the college of engineering. We have inadequate lightings in the classroom, insufficient supply of power that destruct during class hour. Also the electrical design and outlets are unorganized that keeps the students in danger all the time.

Sometime we are looking an available room to use for temporary as a classroom to satisfy the convenience in learning of the students. The demand for the proposed project is so high it’s hard to compete to develop an electrical building design without following the modern design standard. MARKET STUDY Base in our study and analysis we found out that the Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building could not be marketed. The special purpose of this project is intended for better education of students in WVCST. But this Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building shows how effective are the students of Electrical Engineering Department in making such electrical design and estimates.

Maybe someday because of good quality of the building facilities and electrical design and materials used it can be marketed in terms of holding a conference in multi-media room, one of the best multi-media room in the region no other public school have this. It can also marketed in terms of considering as a tourist attraction of the school because of a very good design of the building. CHAPTER 4 TECHNICAL ASPECT The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building is based on the following considerations: a. ) The architect of the proposed project has given us to do a responsibility in doing a Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building, it includes estimates and installation, a greatest chance to be involved in this project. ) The idea of Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building is badly needed by the Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building to have elegance structure of the building. c. ) The WVCST Administration is willing to provide an adequate amount and materials necessary for the operation of the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building. d. ) It is important and necessary to have its own building for the students of Engineering Department to their studies and improve their learning because the WVCST, College of Engineering has an inadequate lighting in the class-room, insufficient supply of power that destruct during class hour.

Also the electrical design and outlets are unorganized that keeps the students in danger all the time. ELECTRICAL PLANS AND SPECIFICATIONS: 1. All electrical works and installation shall comply with the provisions of the latest edition of the Philippine Electrical Code with the rules and regulations of the National and Local authorities concerned in the enforcement of electrical laws and regulations of the utility companies concerned. 2. The nature of electrical service including number of phases, number of wires, voltage and frequency are 13. 2kV , 60 Hz three phase. 3. Types of Wiring: a. The National Electrical Code on Service Entrance provides that: Service entrance shall have sufficient ampacity to carry the building load.

They shall have adequate mechanical strength and shall not be smaller than 8. 0mm2 or 3. 2 mm diameter except for installation to supply limited load of a single branch circuit such as small poly-phase power, controlled water heaters and the like and they shall not be smaller than 3. 5mm2 or 2. 0mm diameter copper or equivalent. 4. Use Contactors overload relays and circuit breakers of their rating specified. 5. Mounting height of the following should not be less than as follows: • Panel Board – 1. 6 meters above floor line. • All Switches – 1. 2 meters above finish floor line. • Convenience Outlet – 0. 3 meters above the finish floor line. 6.

Minimum wire and conduit size shall be 2mm2 type TW copper wire and 13mm PVC trade size, respectively unless otherwise specified. 7. Pull boxes of appropriate size shall be provided, even if not indicated in drawings to accommodate the number of splices of wires. 8. All fluorescent lamps shall be provided with polyester-filled pre-heat, thermally protected, high power ballasts. 9. All materials to be used shall be new and approved type appropriate for both location and intended use. All wires and cables to be used shall be stranded cords unless specified and manufactured by any approved brand and provide adequate and effective grounding system. 10.

Light control switches shall be rated 10A, 300 watts and shall not carry a load grater than 50A. 11. Duplex receptacles shall be rated 10A, 250 volts, rounded slots for 230 volts for parallel slots for 110 volts, and special outlets shall be rated 15amp or 260 volts as required. 12. The contractor shall verify and orient the actual location of concrete terminal pole for connection to the power supply and telephone service. 13. For each spare circuit in parallel board, provided empty 3/4? ?? riser terminating in a 2 1/8 ? ?? deep by 4? ?? octagonal box above ceiling. 14. Electrical installation shall be under the direct supervision of a duly licensed Electrical Engineer, or a Registered Master Electrician. 15.

No revision in the design shall be done without the prior knowledge and approval of the designer and the owner, any such revision done without approval shall cause responsibility of the designer to cease as a whole. SCOPE OF WORK Project Programming: Identifying, investigating, and documenting the needs of the WVCST, College of Engineering Building through meetings with the proponents, architects and professionals of other disciplines engage in the same project. Site Selection: The site of the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building is in the extension campus of the WVCST. The availability of electrical power, facilities, materials, labor and transportation has no problem.

Financing Studies: Base on the financing studies the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST; College of Engineering Building is capable of developing modern electrical facilities. The amount of the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building is eight percent (5%) percent of forty million pesos (P 40,000,000. 00) the total amount of the Proposed WVCST, College Engineering Building or three million two hundred thousand pesos (P 2,204,736. 00) only. Preparation of Electrical Plans: Preparing the project plans in accordance with the applicable provisions of the latest edition of the Philippine Electrical Code, parts 1 and 2 and the National Building Code, including written specifications (if separately written specifications are necessary in addition to those already shown on the plans).

Cost Estimate: Preparing cost estimate, which includes the expenses for electrical materials needed and the salary of the workers and engineers operating this project. Contract Documents: Assisting in the preparations of bid forms and evaluation of the proposals submitted including a review of the documents prior to the final award. PLANNING This stage includes series of meetings among the proponents, architect and other contact persons with respect to the considerations in implementing a Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building. LICENSING Licensing involves processing of documents in respective government agencies.

This will include the registration in the DPWH, office of City Engineers, Fire Department, and City Mayors Office to operate. ELECTRICAL PERMITS Electrical Permit Needed Before Work is Started. Before starting any installation work, alteration, repair or extension on any electrical system, the owners, lessors, operators, occupants, or electrical practitioners shall obtain Electrical Permit for building, trailer, mobile homes, or other premises from the Office of the Local Building Official, and for watercrafts from the Maritime Industry Authority (Marina). ELECTRICAL PERMIT TO BE ISSUED IMMEDIATELY a. The application, upon receipt, shall be checked immediately by the local building officials or his representatives for compliance with the requirements.

If complying, the Electrical Permits shall be issued upon requirements the corresponding electrical fees. b. If project is extensive and required more time for checking and for computation of fees, the issuance of the Electrical Permit need not be issued immediately. The delay shall not be longer than five working days after which time application together with the accompanying plans shall be considered as complying with requirement and the electrical permit shall be issued immediately thereafter. POSTING OF ELECTRICL PERMIT A copy of the Electrical Permit (DPWH Form No. 96-002-E or as amended) shall be posted at a conspicuous location of the job site and shall not be removed until final inspection and approval of the work shall have been made.

WHO ARE ALLOWED TO ENTER INTO CONTRACT (a) “Persons” include an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, association or other organization, or any combination of any thereof. (b) “Contractor” is deemed synonymous with the term “builder” and, hence, any person who undertakes or offers to undertake or purports to have the capacity to undertake or submits a bid to, or does himself or by or through others, construct, alter, repair, add to, subtract from, improve, move, wreck or demolish any building, highway, road, railroad, excavation or other structure, project, development or improvement, or to do any part thereof, including the erection of scaffolding or other structures or works in connection therewith. The term contractor includes subcontractor and specialty contractor. c) A “general engineering contractor” is a person whose principal contracting business is in connection with fixed works requiring specialized engineering knowledge and skill, including the following divisions or subjects: irrigation, drainage, water power, water supply, flood control, inland waterways, harbors, docks and wharves, shipyards and ports, dams, hydroelectric projects, levees, river control and reclamation works, railroads, highways, streets and roads, tunnels, airports and airways, waste reduction plants, bridges, overpasses, underpasses and other similar works, pipelines and other system for the transmission of petroleum and other liquid or gaseous substances, land leveling and earth moving projects, excavating, grading, trenching, paving and surfacing work. (d) A “general building contractor” is a person whose principal contracting business is in connection with any structure built, being built, or to be built, for the support, shelter and enclosure of persons, animals, chattels or movable property of any kind, requiring in its construction the use of more than two unrelated building trades or crafts, or to do or superintend the whole or any part thereof.

Such structure includes sewers and sewerage disposal plants and systems, parks, playgrounds and other recreational works, refineries, chemical plants, and similar industrial plants requiring specialized engineering knowledge and skill, powerhouse, power plants and other utility plants and installations mines and metallurgical plants, cement and concrete works in connection with the abovementioned fixed works. A person who merely furnishes materials or supplies under section eleven without fabricating them into, or consuming them in the performance of the work of the general building contractor does not necessarily fall within this definition. (e) A “specialty contractor” is a person whose operations pertain to the performance of construction work requiring special skill and whose principal contracting usiness involves the use of specialized building trades or crafts. Note: Data presented were taken from the; REPUBLIC ACT No. 4566: An Act Creating The Philippine Licensing Board For Contractors, Prescribing Its Powers, Duties And Functions, Providing Funds Therefor, And For Other Purposes. ARTICLE II; Application of the Act Section 9, see attachment. DESCRIPTION OF THE AREA The Western Visayas College of Science and Technology extension campus is located in front Western Visayas College Science Technology main campus in Burgos Street, La Paz, Iloilo City. This is a technological institution having an area of 1. 3 hectares and the extension campus has a land area of almost one hectare.

The college is known in excellent trade technical and engineering education in Western Visayas. The Engineering Department nowadays is considered as one of the top performing school in the Philippines. Thus, the Board of Trustees, President, Department Head, and faculties proposed to put up a College of Engineering Building where we accept the responsibility to propose the Electrical Design of the said project. SITE IDENTIFICATION They will be put up inside the extension campus of Western Visayas College Science Technology, Burgos Street, La Paz, Iloilo City. To Jaro Site of “The Proposed College of Engineering Building” WVCST, La Paz MAIN CAMPUS To La Paz Market Figure 1: Vicinity Map

POWER SUPPLY The supply of electricity is sufficient for the Western Visayas College of Science and Technology extension campus. It is supplied by Panay Electric Company (PECO) and generated by Panay Power Corporation (PPC). ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND MATERIALS The electrical equipment and materials of the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building conforms to the standards as prescribe by the Philippine Electrical Code (PEC 1&2) and approved by professional electrical engineer. The electrical equipment and materials will be modern and high quality standards. DESCRIPTION OF THE PROJECT TECHNOLOGY ELECTRICAL DESIGN Electrical Design provides a powerful set of integrated tools for electrical engineering.

Electrical schematics are easily designed and maintained along with specifications for electrical equipment such as switchgears, motors, transformers and power cables. Electrical Design supports a range of international and national standards, and is easily adapted to organizational and project needs. Data and documents are shared between Instrumentation Design, Process Design and Plant Layout & Piping Design, enabling teamwork and reuse of information. Electrical Design provides powerful and efficient tools for: • Creating electrical schematics, connection diagrams and cabinet layout drawings • Documenting electrical demands • Dimensioning switchgears and control systems The tools are fully integrated and information is stored in a single location, which means that information only has to be created once.

Equipment is designed to meet the electrical design goals and is registered in the engineering database. Electrical design is the act of conceptualizing, planning and projecting a scheme, system and facility using the arts and science of electrical principles along with social, economic, financial and technical consideration. The design is made prior to the contract agreed by the by the costumer and the firm. This will include electrical wiring design for residential commercial and industrial establishments. In accordance with section 31 (a) of Republic Act No. 7920, only Professional Electrical Engineers are authorized to render design services.

The electrical design that the proponents are proposing shall be managed by persons who are professionally capable for the job or functions. PROPOSED ELECTRICAL DESIGN The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building is located in Western Visayas College of Science and Technology extension campus. As shown below… ASSESSMENT OF TECHNICAL FEASIBILITY The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building, Burgos St. , La Paz, Iloilo City is known as one of the top performing school in terms of engineering studies. The college will have a good and modern electrical design based on Philippine Electrical Code (PEC 1&2) and approved by professional electrical engineer.

It will assure the safety of the students, faculties and other personnel working on the building. It will comfort the students and faculties working here. It will increase the morale of faculties, employees especially the students studying here. It will increase the quality standard of education in the College of Engineering that can produce better graduates. Because of modernized building facilities especially in terms of electrical equipment and high quality standards of materials we used. A basic amenity like electric power supply is sufficient since Panay Electric Company (PECO) and generated by Panay Power Corporation (PPC) supplies electricity.

The Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building is a three-storey building capable of holding a conference at the multi-media room because of sufficient supply of power to its modern facilities done by competent personnel for the guarantee and satisfaction of the people using this engineering building. Also the electrical design of the proposed project is using the art and science of electrical principles along with social economic, financial, and technical consideration. Based on the technical aspects the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be able to render reliable satisfaction with the best and diligent supervision of the Professional Electrical Engineer, or Registered Electrical Engineer, and Registered Master Electrician during construction, and installation of the project. CHAPETER 5 FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC ASPECT

The main financial supporter of “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building’ are the WVCST Administration and a help of the national and local official of country. The estimated amount of this project is eight percent (4. 73%) of forty million pesos (P40, 000,000. 00), the total amount of the Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building or three million two hundred thousand pesos (P 1,893,492. 695) only. The following are the breakdown of the five percent (5%) of the total amount of the Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building: TOTAL COST OF PROJECT PANEL 1A…………………………………………………. P 86, 018. 00 PANEL 1B…………………………………………………. P 208, 264. 00 PANEL 2A ………………………………………………… P 215, 475. 00 PANEL 3A…………………………………………………..

P 36, 890. 00 PANEL 3B…………………………………………………. P 59, 730. 00 PANEL 3C………………………………………………….. P 80, 070. 00 PANEL 3 ……………………………… …………………… P 85, 420. 00 PANEL 4A………………………………………………. … P 122, 458. 00 MAIN CIRCUIT BREAKER…………. ……………. ….. …. P 22, 762. 50 TOTAL……………………………………………………… P 917, 087. 00 KILOWAT HOUR METER………………………… P 5, 000. 00 CIRCUIT BREAKER 450AT, 230V, 3P…….. ……. P 21, 000. 00 CIRCUIT BREAKER 600AT, 230V, 3P……… …… P 35, 000. 00 OTHER ELECTRICAL ACCESSORIES………….. P 200, 000. 00 TOTAL ELECTRICAL MATERIAL COST…….. ………… P 1, 178,087. 00 + 5% CONTINGENCIES…………………………………….. P 58, 904. 35 + LABOR COST (35%)……………………………… ……… P 423, 946. 7 + PROFIT (10%)……………………………………….. ……. P 123, 699. 135 + TAXES (8%)…………………………………………. ……. P 108, 855. 24 TOTAL ESTIMATED COST OF PROJECT ……….. …P 1,893,492. 695 CHAPTER 6 OPERATIONAL/ MANAGEMENT ASPECTS ORGANIZATIONAL CHART Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building The proponents have organizational chart which guide us in doing our Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building. The administration of the College in which on the top position plays a very vital role, he will be the one to approve the electrical design signed by the professional electrical engineer, which was made by the proponents.

The registered electrical engineer will supervise and check the electrical design and estimates made by the proponents. Every personnel on this organization have their own duty and obligation during the construction and installation of the project. ADMINISTRATION WVCST COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT PROFESSIONAL ELECTRICAL ENGINEER REGISTERED ELECTRICAL ENGINEER PROPONENTS JOHRIEL, HOPE, ALDIN Figure 7: Organizational Chart ANALYSIS OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE AND MANAGEMENT POLICIES Every organization whether private or public enterprise has operational function. The efficiency and effectiveness of this process play a central role in determining whether the business achieve its overall objectives and strategies.

The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building is based on the requirements and goal of the government especially the WVCST, College of Engineering to achieve the modern structural building with high quality standard and modern electrical design constructed and installed on it. Its personnel competency is based on the standards as prescribe by the RA 7920 or known as Electrical Engineering Law. FUNCTION OF THE PERSONNEL Administration, WVCST: Establishes the electrical design approved by the professional electrical engineer. Shall have the overall control of the proposed project and shall exercise general supervision. Shall preside and approve all works contracts and meetings of the organization. College of Engineering, Electrical Engineering Department: Before the WVCST Administration approves the Electrical design it will check first by the College of Engineering and the Electrical Engineering Department.

Professional Electrical Engineer The professional electrical engineer shall approve or seal the electrical design made by the proponents. Once in a while supervise the project together with the electrical engineer. He will be the one to set a meeting with the Administration to talk about the project what things are needed on the project during the construction and installation. Registered Electrical Engineer A registered electrical engineer’s field of practice includes charge or supervision of operation and maintenance. He will be the one to assist the proponents about the electrical design. He is also the one to supervise daily to the electrician during the installation of the project.

Proponents Render the drawings of the Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building. IMPLEMENTATION SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES The personnel of the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will have the following schedule of activities for the compliance of not less than thirty (30) working days of establishing a project. During weekdays it will operate from Monday to Friday with five days per week operations. The office hours of the Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building starts from 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM with noon break at 12:00 PM to 1:00 PM.

After all of the requirements are finished and approved by the authority the installation of The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be immediately started. GANNT CHART As shown in table 1 is implementation of The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building that will last not less than sixty (30) working days. It includes the following activities in order to start the operation. N 2 O. 3 O 5 F 6 W 8 E 9 E K 10 11 S 12 A CT I V I T I E S Series of meetings to the Administration, Engineers, Architects ; other Professionals involved Preparation of Electrical Plans Canvass of Materials for Estimates Processing of Documents for Approval Implementation of the Project 1 4 7 13 Table 1: Gantt Chart PERFORMANCE EVALUATION AND REVIEW TECHNIQUE

Implementation of the activities for The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will start in a series of meetings with the proponents, administration, architects and professionals of other disciplines engage in the same project by identifying, investigating, and documenting the needs of the WVCST, College of Engineering Building. The preparation of the electrical plans will come out after the contract of work agreed by the administration to implement the project. It will last for fifteen (15) working days. This will follow by processing of documents; it includes licensing and obtaining permit to operate at respective government agencies. After everything are finished acquisition of materials will immediately implemented so that electrical installation to the WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be started.

Acquisition of materials will be done one week before the WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be started until electrical installation materials are completed. Electrical installation will last for not less than thirty (30) working days. Also final checking and testing of electrical installation will be done five days before final electrical installation is finished CHAPTER 7 SOCIO ECONOMIC ASPECT SOCIO ECONOMIC IMPACT The Western Visayas College of Engineering is known in excellent trade technical and engineering education in Western Visayas. The Engineering Department nowadays is considered as one of the top performing school in the Philippines.

Thus, the Board of Trustees, President, Department Head, and faculty members, proposed to put up a College of Engineering Building where we accept the responsibility to propose the Electrical Design of the said project. Once this project is established the great impact in the community will greatly affects the performance and standards of education in WVCST, College of Engineering. Engineering is one of the major needs in the development of the community and even the whole nation around the world. Many students will be able to study engineering in WVCST because of newly equip facilities in terms of electrical design and installation. It provides comforts for the students who study in this college.

It will uplift the morale of the people inside the campus will greatly increase because of the good quality standard of education in WVCST. Also it shows that the WVCST is on the process of developments. Also many people will benefit this project because it adds employment in teaching, labor, and office works. In the rapid development of the community electrical engineering serves as one of the primary factors. Nowadays a reliable and efficient design and estimates for installations of proposed projects is very important. It is mandated in the Philippine Electrical Code (PEC) for safeguarding life and property. Indeed proposed project aims to contribute for economic progress.

Base from the recent licensure board exam the WVCST, College of Engineering receives an applause where the pioneer batch of the Electrical Engineering Department 100% percent was passed the Master Electrician Board Exam and 88% percent of them listed in the white list as the latest electrical engineers of the Philippines. It’s a great honor to be involved in the WVCST College of Engineering community as a member of the Electrical Engineering Department who proposed the Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building which become a center of technical and engineering school in Western Visayas in the following years. CHAPTER 8 FINDINGS AND SUMMARY, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS This chapter presents proponents findings, conclusions and recommendations with respect to market, technical, management or operational, financial, and socio-economic aspects of this study.

FINDINGS AND SUMMARRY “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” will be managed by the WVCST Administration includes the President, Dean and Department Heads of the College of Engineering and faculty members. The Professional Electrical Engineer who shall approve or seal the electrical design made by the proponents, and the Electrical Engineer shall supervise the proponents. Base on the study of “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” it can’t be marketed in terms of money. Because electrical design and estimates are the application of learning studies of the electrical engineering students of WVCST in making such design for “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building”. If ever this design s approved by the Administrations it shows how effective are the students of WVCST particularly the Electrical Engineering Department in making a design and estimates for small and high rise building. I can say that “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” has no target market. This proposed project only shows how effective and competent are the students of WVCST, College of Engineering in doing an electrical design and estimates. This is because of quality standards of education and dedication by the head and faculty members of the College of Engineering. It could not be marketed in terms of money but it can be profited by the students who study electrical engineering on this college. The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” base from the Philippine Electrical Code 1 ; 2 which is applied by the proponents to make this electrical design and estimates possible. The basic curriculum of the Electrical Engineering helps a lot especially the Electrical Design subjects which give us more knowledge and ability to overcome some constraints in making an electrical design for the college of engineering building. “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” will be managed by the WVCST Administration includes the President, Dean and Department Heads of the College of Engineering and faculty members.

The Professional Electrical Engineer who shall approve or seal the electrical design made by the proponents, and the Electrical Engineer shall supervise the proponents. Base from the recent licensure board exam the WVCST, College of Engineering receives applause where the pioneer batch of the Electrical Engineering Department 100% percent was passed the Master Electrician Board Exam and 88% percent of them listed in the white list as the latest electrical engineers of the Philippines. It’s a great honor to be involved in the WVCST College of Engineering community as a member of the Electrical Engineering Department who proposed the Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building which become a center of technical and engineering school in Western Visayas in the following years.

The main financial supporter of “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building’ are the WVCST Administration and a little help of the national and local government office. CONCLUSIONS Market Aspects Therefore we can say that “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” has no target market. This proposed project only shows how effective and competent are the students of WVCST, College of Engineering in doing an electrical design and estimates. This is because of quality standards of education and dedication by the head and faculty members of the College of Engineering. It could not be marketed in terms of money but it can be profited by the students who study electrical engineering on this college.

Technical Aspects Technically, the proponents concluded that the technical aspects of “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” base from the Philippine Electrical Code 1 ; 2 which is applied by the proponents to make this electrical design and estimates possible. The basic curriculum of the Electrical Engineering helps a lot especially the Electrical Design subjects which give us more knowledge and ability to overcome some constraints in making an electrical design for the college of engineering building. Operational/Management Aspect “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building” will be managed by the WVCST Administration includes the President, Dean and Department Heads of the College of Engineering and faculty members.

The Professional Electrical Engineer who shall approve or seal the electrical design made by the proponents, and the Electrical Engineer shall supervise the proponents. Financial Aspect The main financial supporter of “The Proposed Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building’ are the WVCST Administration and a help of the national and local official of country. Socio-Economic Aspect Base from the recent licensure board exam the WVCST, College of Engineering receives applause where the pioneer batch of the Electrical Engineering Department 100% percent was passed the Master Electrician Board Exam and 88% percent of them listed in the white list as the latest electrical engineers of the Philippines. It’s a great honor to be nvolved in the WVCST College of Engineering community as a member of the Electrical Engineering Department who proposed the Electrical Design and Estimates for WVCST, College of Engineering Building which become a center of technical and engineering school in Western Visayas in the following years. Therefore, it will uplift the morale of the people inside the campus especially the Electrical Engineering Department because their students made a very good design for The Proposed WVCST, College of Engineering Building. It will encourage the students to study better in WVCST College of Engineering. Many students will enroll and study Electrical Engineering in the College of Engineering. It adds employment in teaching, labor, and office works.

RECCOMMENDATIONS The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be implemented based after the proposed electrical plan is approved by the duly licensed professional electrical engineer, all of the materials necessary for the electrical installations are complete, the number of qualified electrician is sufficient to work for to obtain not less than thirty (30) working days, and the building is ready for electrical installation. Technical aspects of this Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be prepared prior to the provisions that are given in the Philippine Contractors Law and RA 7920 or the New Electrical Engineering Law. A labor aspect of the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of

Engineering Building is done after sufficient documents have been prepared prior to the Department of Labor and Employment Standards (DLES). The Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building will be made in accordance to planning considerations of the building layout. Acquisition of the equipments will be made during the construction of the WVCST, College of Engineering Building, but transactions with regards to the purchase of the equipment should be done earlier. Professional Electrical Engineer, Registered Electrical Engineer, and Registered Master Electrician shall be in charge of supervision, construction, and installation. To practice as a contractor he/she shall complies with the requirements of RA 4566 known as Contractor Licensed Law.

LABOR REQUIREMENTS The personnel during construction and installation of the Proposed Electrical Design for WVCST, College of Engineering Building: • • • • 1 Professional Electrical Engineer 1 Registered Electrical Engineer 2 Master Electrician 6 Electricians GLOSSARY Electricity -is a form of energy generated by friction, induction or chemical change, having magnetic, chemical and radiant effect. Volt or Voltage- is the electrical pressure that causes the electrons to move through a conductor (wire). Ampere- is the standard unit used in measuring the strength of an electric current. Watt- is the rate or measure of power used or consumed. Circuit- refers to the wire installation that supply current to light and convenient outlets.

Resistance- is the friction or opposition to the flow of current by the wires and transformers, analogous to plumbing installation, where the flow of water is subjected to resistance caused by friction between the water and the inside wall of the pipe, and the various form of turns and fittings. Direct Current-The DC electricity, flows in one direction. Alternating Current-The AC electricity constantly reverses its direction of flow. Series Connection-a single path exist for current flow that is, the elements are arranged in a series one after the other with no branches. Parallel Circuit- is the standard arrangement for houses wiring connections wherein the lights constitute one parallel grouping and the convenience wall outlets constitute the second parallel grouping. Transformer- is a simple static device consisting of a magnetic core wherein the primary and secondary windings are made.

Electric Conductors-are substances or materials used to convey or allow the flow of electric current. Wires- are those electrical conductors 8 mm2 (AWG No. 8) and smaller in sizes. Cables- are those which are larger than the wires. Stranded Wire- consist of a group of wires twisted to form a metallic string. Cord- is the term given to insulated stranded wire. Power Loss-is equal to the components resistance times the current squared. Conductor Ampacity-is determined by the maximum operating temperature that is insulation can withstand continuously without heating. Raceway- are channel or wiring accessories so designed for holding wires, cables or busbars that are either made of metal, plastic, or any insulating mediums.

Conduit Pipe-is the most common electrical raceways used in all types of construction. Connector-is a metal sleeve usually made of copper that is slipped over and secured to the butted ends of conductors in making a joint. Convenience Outlet or Attachment Cap- is a device that by inspection into a receptacle establishes connection between the conductor of the flexible cord and the conductors connected permanently to the receptacle. Wall Outlet-is also called convenience outlet. Lighting Outlet- is an outlet intended for direct connection to a lamp holder, lighting fixture, or a pendant cord, terminating in a lamp holder. Receptacle Outlet- is an outlet where one or more receptacles are installed.

Pull Junction Box-is a box with a blank cover that is inserted in one or more runs or raceways to facilitate pulling-in the conductors. Receptacle-are contact device installed at the outlet for the connection of a single attachment plug. Electric Circuit- refers to the complete path traversed by an electric current. Branch Circuit- is defined by the National electrical Code (NEC) as “the circuit conductors between the final over current protective device and the outlets. ” General Purpose Branch Circuit- supplies outlets for lighting and appliances, including convenience receptacles. Appliance Branch Circuit-supplies outlets intended for feeding appliances.

Individual Branch Circuit-is designed to supply a single specific item. Fuse-an over all current protective device with a circuit opening fusible element which opens (break) when there is an over current in the circuit. Circuit Breaker-is an over-current protective device designed to function as a switch. Trip-refers to cutting-off or disconnection of the current supply. Panel Board- is simply the box wherein the protective devices are grouped from which they are fed. Switchboard and Switchgear- are free standing assemblies of switches, fuses and circuit breakers that provide switching and feeder protection to a number of circuits connected to the main source.

Service Entrance- is a portion of the supply conductors which extends from the street main duct or transformer or the service or switchboard of the building supply. Overhead Service Entrance-is the common type of service wire installed by electric power supply companies for industrial, commercial, and residential houses. Underground Service Entrance-consists of a raceway (conduit) extending from the building to the property line where it is tapped to the main. BIBLIOGRAHY A. Books Fajardo, Max B. Jr. and Fajardo, Leo R. Electrical Layout And Estimate, Second Edition, 2000. Calderon, Jose F. ; Gonzales, Expectacion. Methods of Research ; Thesis Writing, 1993. The Institute of Integrated Electrical Engineers of the Philippines, Incorporated, Philippine Electrical Code (PEC 1 ; 2), 2002. B.

Publications An Act Providing For A More Responsive And Comprehensive Regulation For The Practice, Licensing, And Registration Of Electrical Engineers And Electricians. Ra 7920, New Electrical Engineering Law. February 24, g 1995. An Act Creating The Philippine Licensing Board For Contractors, Prescribing Its Powers, Duties And Functions, Providing Funds Therefore, And For Other Purposes, Republic Act No. 4566, June 19,1965. C. Material References and Unpublished Thesis Baclay, Yves B. , Minerva, Pablo N. Jr. ; Siruelo Romel C. Feasibility Study On Delta-Wye Electrical Engineering Services (Design, Estimate, Installation, Maintenance in WVCST, La Paz, Iloilo City, March 2004. APPENDICES