Psycholinguistics Extra Notes Essay

Proven that babies prefer this over regular speech; this may be because 1 ) you can express emotions more exaggeratedly, really has the ability to capture the infants attention, actually helps them to differentiate words within the language. When introducing a new word, mothers usually tend to use mother’s at first. Paralinguistic Communication: Gestures: Pointing: two reasons: Request (imperative gestures) : asking for something Assertions (declarative gestures): bring attention to something, just really want to point something out to someone to be able to share the moment with someone.

Pointing is more about the theory of mind Researchers have done experiments where when infants point at something o share the moment with a parent the parent is directed to look at the infant but never the actual object that the infant is point to or at; this has proven to upset the infant Abnormalities in Early Communication autism: At present there is no cure for autism.

Sensitivity to eye gazes: Children 6-10 months of age were given pictures where the eyes were either looking towards or away from the infant, years later some children had developed autism. Fish phenomenon – if a baby pronounces something incorrectly and then you jokingly (intentionally or unintentionally) expressions it the same way the infant did, the infant actually shows signs Of getting upset because they understand that they have pronounced the word incorrectly, but are unable to pronounce it correctly yet.

Infants born three months prematurely are still able to distinct between female and male voices; even though there still not fully developed in brain functioning This shows strong evidence for language being innate Phonological Development: Perception – categorical perception example: Categorical perception: Lexical Development: Fast mapping: the incredibly fast pace in which infants learn new words, they an pick up the meaning of a new word almost right away and even months later they will remember it.

Egg- > you ask infants to give you not the blue, but the chromium tray. They automatically know that since this one is not the blue one, it must be the chromium one, months later they will still remember this Through most stages of language development, boys are usually an approximate of 3 months behind in development up until puberty. Evolutionary reasons, also because mothers talk to girls more and in a different manner then they do with boys. But there is no evidence supporting his, also because of motor-skills.

Boys are usually better at gross-motor skills like kicking and punching right off the bat whereas girls are better with fine- motor skills like drawing and so on so because gestures and development Of language are correlated it could be an explanation for why there is a lag in the language development of boys. * *remember one or two of the semantic relationships, don’t have to know all of them* * Acquiring grammatical categories: Syntactic bootstrapping: you use the structure of the sentence to support your basis of the syntax.

So you look for a quality of an object in order to understand Grammatical Development: stages: 1) In the first stage they are just repeating what they hear from their parents and therefore will obviously apply the rules correctly 2) In the second stage they are now trying to apply the rules on their own and therefore over regularly them 3) In the third stage they again are able to correctly apply the rules they have learned Metasyntactic Awareness Syntactic awareness: judging grammaticality : Apple example: since the second one (apples grow on noses) is a grammatically correct sentence it is interesting to see children ignore rammer and actually try to understand the meaning of the sentence Wednesday, March 12, 2014 Processes of Language Acquisition Victor (Everyone, France, sass) Walked with the support of all four limbs.

Used his mouth to acquire food One doctor took a lot Of interest in him and tried to teach him language; the progress wasn’t great, he did learn some labels but he would only use the labels to name the objects right inferno of him, if he were shown a different object from the same category he would not associate the label with it Some criticisms; he could have always been mentally retarded from the start, not paving any affect by the fact that he wasn’t exposed to language Isabella – acquired language Critical period hypothesis: Could be that puberty is the cut off, before puberty you will still be able to acquire language acquisition, after puberty you lose that ability Genie The way her language acquisition increases with years this gives evidence that she was not mentally retarded Her phonology is not fully in place, her syntax is not that well developed but her semantics is in place Once she was an adult, she was moved to a home for underdeveloped adults Language moved to the right hemisphere;