Question this biological inevitability, and had no clear

Question 4

All throughout time there had been many
changes in social, economical and political issues; however, they were not the
only things that changed over time. Art became a challenge where artists began
to find new ways of expressing themselves, the people and the society they
lived in. These changes became something called art movements. The Avant Garde
movements is a big group of many different art movements that came within a
time period. This group was made to introduce and explore new forms and subject
matters. During the 19th century it first appeared in France and was
originally said for the new approaches to art making; however, it’s a term that
can be used to describe art that pushes the boundaries of creativity. It is
said that “The historical process which led to the creation of the modern
movement in architecture had none of this biological inevitability, and had no
clear beginning which can be pinpointed with precision. There were a number of
predisposing causes and  strands of ideas,
each with its own pedigree”. (Curtis, 1996).  Meaning that even if the Avant Garde had many
movements involved within it; nonetheless, each movement stood for something
different but influenced from each other. There were several movements before
neo-plasticism came to the public allowing it to be influenced by them like
cubism. Two of these influential movements were moving the society, one is
neo-plasticism and the other is deconstructivism. These two movements came one
after the other, both with very strong opinions and changes concerning the
world of art. Even though they came between a century of time and many years
separate them yet they still have some similarities. Further on the similarities
and differences will be explained more in detail to show how two movements that
weren’t coming after each other directly can still have some similar aspects
but with a new twist. DATE

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Avant Garde as said above was a group
containing many art movements, which are some how similar to each other, some
relate as they came one after the other, and others relate by how they reach
the viewers eye. De Stijl, also known as neo plasticism, is related in many
aspects to the other art movement, deconstructivism. The two movements where
found during the same century during the 1900’s. Even though they didn’t come
straight after each other yet they have many similarities. There is also a
similarity between them in the aspect of design. The two movements’ designs are
based on shapes, lines and form. In many of the architecture there is traces of
straight and clean edged lines, which form the structure of the building. “Deconstructivism
architecture can be described as the product of a group of architects creating
their own cult by defining a new style of building. The style is easily recognizable
as having broken forms, using ‘high-tech’ materials for visual excitement, and
intentionally violating the most elementary elements of balance, rhythm and
coherence”.(Salingaros, 2004). This is also present in neo-plasticism where
they use simple shapes to make high-tech and complex building designs. The
images below show how the two movements are some how similar in their building
designs. They both have solid, and rigid looking buildings, and with the use of
straight lines on different angles they shape the outside of the building design.



The two movements are also similar in a way they both have
they use of basic and simple colour schemes. The colour scheme in each is
unified and is used all through the architecture, there isn’t surprises in
colours or something out of the ordinary. They are both using one colour scheme
to present their meaning and principles to the viewer. The choice of a specific
colour scheme has an effect on the viewers emotions, and in both movements the
colour is a big characteristic which give out feelings and reactions to the
observer. The images below show how each of the movements have a unified colour
throughout the same design. For example, the image on the left, from De Stijl,
shows the primary colour scheme being used for the balcony colours and a simple
grey schemed building, making it look unified with the building next to it. The
image on the right shows deconstructivism designs in architecture and it shows
the grey scheme being used, which was also present in neo-plasticism building
designs. The grey is changed to a metallic shade but its still from the same
colour scheme. The two images show a unified colour scheme throughout the
building designs making it a special and strong standing building.

The art movements are expressed in many different things,
they’re expressed in architecture, artworks, products and interiors. The
artworks of both movements are similar in the way they both use bright primary
colours in their work. Shapes and lines are also present in each to define what
the artist is trying to give to the viewer. These art pieces can be said to be
made in the same time period but different artists interpreting the same thing.

However, they are from two different art movements and yet they use the same
colours to express each of their movements’ characteristics. There is also a
similarity between them where they use geometric shapes to form the art piece rather
than a free hand drawing.

                                                                      CUBISM Deconstructivism

“Two strains of modern art, minimalism and cubism, have had
an influence on deconstructivism. Analytical cubism had a sure effect on
deconstructivism, as forms and content are dissected and viewed from different
perspectives simultaneously.” (Koolhaas,

As the Avant Garde has many movements
that connect in characteristics yet some can differ, not only in characteristics
but also when they started. De Stijl came in the beginning of the 1900’s;
however, deconstructivism came during the end of the 1900’s. Neo-plasticism and
deconstructivism have many aspects in common yet they still have differences. De
Stijl was one of the basic art movements with very clear characteristics shown;
however, deconstructivism is one of the art movements that has curved lines and
unorganized shapes. Concerning architecture, de stijl has unified and repeated
designs; nevertheless, deconstructivism has very complex and special designs
for each building made. They use the aspect of creativity in most of their
designs to show the complex characteristics of the movement. Neo-plasticism was
one of the movements that could be said to be very simple, and basic, which
their influence from cubism was very clear but deconstructivism was a movement
that broke the sense of form. As said “Deconstructivism is the antithesis of
this: it is the tearing apart of form just for the fun of it”.( Salingaros,