is a semi-tropical crop that belongs to the mustard family, crucifera. Radishes
was developed from a wild plant that grew in the cooler region of Asia. It
spread to the Mediterranean Region before the Greek Era and was introduced into
the new world in the 16th century.
are round to cylindrical with a color ranging from white to red. A longer root
form, ideal for cooking, grows up to 15 cm (6 in) long, while the smaller,
rounder form is typically eaten raw in salads. The flesh initially tastes
sweet, but becomes bitter if the vegetable is left in the ground for too long.
Leaves are arranged in a rosette, with sizes ranging from 10- 15 cm (4-6 in) in
small cultivars, to up to 45 cm (18 in) in large cultivars. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radish).
are a very good source of vitamin C- 25% of the daily recommended value – helping
to rebuild tissues and blood vessels, and keeping bones and teeth strong.
Vitamin C fights disease and rescues the cells from an onslaught of destructive
free radicals. This is done through electrolytes and natural antioxidant action
of this one vitamin, increasing immunity of the body and helping to fight
against all kinds diseases, including cancer, heart disease and stroke (Sama,
to Keonogs et, al. (2011), organic fertilizers are waste products from animal
husbandry (stable manure, slurry manure), plant decomposition products (com
post, peat), or products from waste treatment (composted garbage, sewage
sludge).These are enriched with primary and secondary nutrients.
Malunggay scientifically known as Moringa oliefera is a popular plant
known for nutritional value as well as herbal medicine. Malunggay is a plant
that grows in tropical climate such as the Philippine, India and Africa.
Malunggay is widely used as vegetable ingredient in cooking as high as meter
with erect white trunk. The compound leaf has about 3 to 9 leaflets.
Nutritionists claim that gram for
gram, malunggay has seven times the vit. C found in oranges, four times the
vit. A found in carrots, four times calcium and two times the protein found in
milk and three times potassium found in banana (Pabustan et, al. 2009).
According to Tacio (2007) reported
that malunggay is one of the most valuable plants, yet often neglected other
than human food, medicine and water treatment. Moreover also a great medicinal
benefits as he added, its leaves contains antioxidant and alleviate the pain
from gastric ulcers, diarrhea and headache.
Furthermore, as cited by Baro from
Aguiba (2007) reported that aside from its pharmaceutical products our
government is now eyeing on this plant as a potential source of bio-fuel. In
fact DA had launched its biotechnology program to commercialize its processing.
to Mvumi, et. al (2012) revealed that the moringa leaf extract increased growth
and yield of tomato. Moreover, it also showed potential of increasing root
growth and plant height of common beans and maize as they added (2013). The
researcher concluded that increase in crop yield in response to moringa extract
treatment depends on the frequency of spraying and the type of crop species.
Furthermore, Abdalla, (2013) found
out that malunggay leaves enhanced the height of rocket plants as compare to
untreated plant. The researcher concluded that Malunggay leaves improved crop
growth and development. In addition, Baro, (2014) found out that foliar
application of malunggay leaf enhanced fruit weight and yield of okra.
Pineapple (Ananas comosus), common
name for the flowering plant family Brolimaceae characterized by unique water
absorbing leaf scale and regular three-parted flowers. Pineapple can be
consumed fresh, canned or juiced and can be used in a variety of ways. It is a
popularly used in desserts, fruit salads, jams, yogurts, ice creams, and
various candies as a complement to meat dishes and in a fruit cocktail aside
from consumption. In the Philippines, Pineapple leaves are used as the source
of a textile fibre called pina cloth. This fibre can be used in a variety of
ways such as a wall paper and a component of furnishing.
Pineapple fruit has chemical
compositions consisting of sugar, vit. A 1.6%, vit. B1 (thiamine) 3.6%, vit. B2
(riboflavin) 1.2 %, vit. C 20%, calcium 2%, phosphorous 1%, iron 5% and
potassium 3% (Hossain et, al. 2015).
According to Hangcan, (2010) conduct
a study entitled” Growth and Yield of Green Onion as affected by spray
application of Pineapple juice at varying levels” found out that pineapple
juice is significantly affected the plant height and plant yield of the crop.
The researcher concluded that Pineapple Juice can improved plant growth and development.