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Rafia IslamHistory of New York Sunnyside: On the Verge of Recogization?Thesis: Because Sunnyside is in between the boundaries of Maspeth and Woodside, it is often left unrecognized. However, it is becoming more well known, because of it’s real estate value, safety and close proximity to Manhattan.(https://www.google.com/maps/place/Sunnyside,+Queens,+NY/@40.7402824,-73.9444892,14z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m5!3m4!1s0x89c25ed16db83ad1:0xbc845c2a1ddd9c48!8m2!3d40.7432759!4d-73.9196324) Sunnyside borders Woodside from the northeast side, Maspeth from the Southeast, Hunters Point from the West and Greenpoint from the Southwest side. Sometimes Sunnyside is considered part of Long Island City, and other times it isn’t. Officially, Sunnyside is listed as a part of the Long Island City community, but residents of Sunnyside often separate the two communities. Historical AnalysisSunnyside started comparatively later than many other more recognized parts of New York, and it was extremely small at  the beginning. In fact, it all started when a family of French Huguenot settlers bought land from the Dutch in 1713. The location of the estate earned it the name “Sunnyside Hills”, because from the estate the family got a great view of the sunrises and sunsets. For a while, Sunnyside remained as one estate, and then in 1840 a hotel emerged near what would now be called 37 avenue and Northern Boulevard. It was named the “Sunnyside Hotel” after the estate. The clientele of the hotel included visitors of nearby cemeteries, but occasionally people who were attending events such as the National Race Course in Corona stayed at the hotel. (Photograph of ad for the Sunnyside Hotel. http://forgotten-ny.com/2005/09/sunnyside-queens/)Slowly, but surely more and more inns and farms began forming in the 1800s, and soon a small community had sprouted and adopted the name Sunnyside from the estate and hotel. Sunnyside, however, was still fairly new at the time, so the leadership and organization was lacking greatly. In comparison to places like Woodside which was far more advanced, Sunnyside seemed extremely annoying, and travellers nicknamed the place “Nuisance Land”. Up until about 1902, Sunnyside remained as a tiny community of a few scattered farms and inns. In the next three years, the Pennsylvania Railroad brought up much of the land south of Northern Boulevard, and leveled the land. This gave way to the Sunnyside Rail Yards in 1910. After that, the Queensboro Bridge was built, and soon after, Queens Boulevard came into existence. This chain of advancements made Sunnyside a good place to live, mainly because of its closeness to Manhattan. Soon, working class families began to move in, and the high demand in real estate lead to the Sunnyside Gardens project. The aim of the project was to create a residential community with safe and clean streets, which allowed for people to live in a close-knit neighborhood. The founders of the company in charge of the Gardens Project included Eleanor Roosevelt, Lewis Mumford,  Clarence S. Stein, and Henry Wright. The Sunnyside Gardens soon became home to middle class families and especially attracted artists and writers. In fact, it was so popular among creative thinkers, that it earned the nickname the “Greenwich Village Annex”. According to the Forgotten NY website,  “A City Housing Corporation survey of homeowners in 1928 counted 184 blue collar workers (mechanics, chauffeurs, restaurant workers) and 355 white collar workers, including tradesmen, salesmen, government employees, teachers, social workers, lawyers, and doctors (http://forgotten-ny.com/2005/09/sunnyside-queens/ “. Even then, Sunnyside was amazingly diverse in terms of the types of people who lived there, and as time went on more and more immigrants found themselves settling into the community, and now much of the population is made up of immigrants. Sunnyside became a great alternative to Manhatten, and people who could not afford to live in Manhatten opted to live in Sunnyside. The Sunnyside Chamber of Commerce states that “as the neighborhood became more suburban, those who grew up in Sunnyside commonly moved to Long Island and upstate New York in search of rural areas reminiscent of the neighborhood’s more pastoral days” https://www.sunnyside-chamber.org/about-us/history-of-sunnyside/”. Soon, Sunnyside began to become more and more gentrified. Today, a small one bedroom apartment can go for as high as $2,000 per month. Tenants who have lived in Sunnyside for decades are forced to move out of their homes, because the rent is way too high, and landlords are beginning to fix up the old apartments for the influx of millenials and young entrepreneurs looking for a place to live. Residents of Sunnyside are becoming quite frustrated with the way things are looking for them. “Soon, we might have to just leave”, says Bob James, a, elderly man who has been living in Sunnyside for almost fifty years. He had moved to Sunnyside from Germany when he was about twenty years old with his family, and has lived in the same apartment complex this whole time. He says that Sunnyside has all of the necessities that he needs for his simple lifestyle. Bob comes to the Sunnyside Library every  week to play chess with his friends. He says that he likes it here, and  it will be difficult to  find somewhere “especially at his old age”. Many elderly people have stories similar to Bob’s, and are not willing to move out of their cozy homes.In addition, there are many immigrants in Sunnyside who are not able to support their families with what little income they make, and are backed into a corner. On one hand, hey cannot afford to live in Sunnyside, and on the other they cannot afford  to move beck (Map of Sunnyside Gardens. http://forgotten-ny.com/2005/09/sunnyside-queens/ )SItes of Interest One recreational facility in Sunnyside Gardens opened in 1926, and still flourishes today is the Sunnyside Gardens Park. The park is privately owned by the residents of the Gardens. However, for $126 per year and volunteer work for 12 hours anyone can gain membership into the three-acre park. Some of the recreational assets of the park include a wading pool, a tennis court and a woodland area with multiple grills and picnic tables. What makes the park so special is that it is one of the only two residential private park in the city. Another landmark in Sunnyside is the library in Greenpoint. It is located conveniently in a place where most people can access it. It is in relatively proximity to at least three schools, so there are many people who go there after school. It has been in Sunnyside in for many years, enough for thousands of different people from extremely different backgrounds and walks of life pass through the doors. It is full of archives and collections of historical documents that help researchers everyday. The library regularly holds events and activities for the poeple who go there. It is a place where many children learn to read their first books, and has customers ranging from toddlers to senior citizens.Data and AnalysisSunnyside is a part of Queens District 2, and about 56.0% of the residents are foreign born. This is a relatively high percentage compared to other parts of New York. According to a 2010 census the three highest race and origin populations in the district are White ( about 63,271) Asian (about 15,974) and Hispanic (about 21,156). The immigrant population is high in this area, and as a result many of the residents may have a heavy rent burden. As a result 45.4% of the population  spend 35% or more of their income on rent. In Sunnyside rent is incredibly high, and is only increasing. This increase in rent is a result of the considerably low crime rate (only 1,046 major felonies), the cleanliness of the streets and the conveniency of the location. In fact, it only takes most residents about 37.6 minutes to commute to work.While all of these factors are fair, and should obviously imply a higher rent than that of other less safe and clean neighborhoods, many immigrants are feeling as if they will be forced to move if the rent gets any higher.  “The landlords are purposely raising the rent so we are forced to move out, and they can charge for even higher rent. That is great for him, but for families like mine, we might be forced to move back to Bangladesh” says Addan Rahman. Addan came to America in 1994 for his three children to get a better chance at education. Addan is the breadwinner in his large family, and he drives a taxi and works at a grocery store part time in order to feed his family. He says that what little money he is able to earn is used up by rent, food and other basic necessities.  Addan is just one person among thousands of others who can barely support their families, with the rent burden becoming worse and worse.The three most pressing issues that face the community board are affordable housing, healthcare services and schools. Many residents argue that with the high population of senior citizens in the area home healthcare and nursing services should be provided, as many elderly citizens cannot leave their homes. In addition, homecare should be made more affordable for the elderly, and more accessible. There are about 13,701 families in Sunnyside which makes up about 50% of the population. With the high population of families there are a lot of children. Because of this it makes sense for there to be a concern about school and education, which is one of the main issues in the community.