Railways are of great use to us. They were introduced into India by the English. Description There is an engine at the head of the train. Behind it there are several carriages. The engine and the carriage together are called a train. The train runs over a pair of steel rails. The rails are parallel to each other. They are placed on thick planks of wood. The planks ar called ‘sleepers’. There are three classes of railway lines. The widest is called the Broad Gauge, the second is the Metre Gauge and the third, the Narrow Gauge.
As the engine draws the carriages, it is the most important thing. It is called the steam engine, because it is worked by steam which is produced by burning coal. The steam engine was first invented by James Watt. It was improved by another man named George Stephenson. Coal is necessary to make them run. We have now electric trains. They run with the help of electricity. An electric train runs swifter than a train with a steam engine. Importance Railways have been of great use of the people of the world. In India there are many railways.
People can travel from one place to another in a very short time by railways. Goods also can be carried from one place to another quickly by means of railways. It is also cheap and convenient. Thus people cantravel safely, and the journey is not expensive. The trade of a country also is increased by railways. There are many things which cannot be found in West Bengal, but the railway trains carry them to West Bengal from other parts of India. Similarly, many things of West Bengal are carried to other parts of India by the railways.
Thus people do not feel the want of a thing, though it may not grow or is not manufactured in their part of the country. During famines the railways do much good to us. Food is hopelessly wanting where a famine breaks out. Hence articles of food and other things are carried quickly to that place by means of railways. Thus the lives of many people are saved by railways. There is a good arrangement for higher education in towns. People from distant villages can go to towns by means of railways and can receive their education there.
Thousands of men come from the suburbs of big cities to their offices by railways. People also can go to foreign countries by means of railways for higher education or for other purposes. Railways do another good. War may break out in a country. There may be other troubles like riots. For these reasons the help of soldiers may be necessary. So they are carried to these places by means of railways. Disadvantages As there are advantages of having railways, there are disadvantages also. Fish, vegetables, milk, etc. , are sent from villages to towns by means of railways.
So people living in villages cannot get those things at a cheap price. Sometimes they cannot get them at all. Sometimes the railways are a cause of malaria and flood. Sometimes collisions take place between two trains and they cause death of many people. Trains are sometimes derailed causing deaths of passengers. Conclusion In spite of such disadvantages, the railways have done much for the progress and benefit of the country. Railway engines and wagons are now being manufactured in India. This will save much money of our country. These are also now exported to foreign countries.
Thus the Government earns much money. Electric trains now run between Calcutta and its neighboring places, and also in many parts of India. Note This essay can be translated to other languages such as Hindi, Bengali, Gujarati, Kannada, Kashmiri, Maithili, Malayalam, Meithei, Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu and etc by using various online language translation services or software’s. For better academic results practice writing narrative, descriptive, debate essays, review , history, mega, imagery, analytical, persuasive as well as expository essays