IntroductionInthe era of 300 to 600 CE, religion is seen to grow persistently in different regions.
Many social and political groups emerge that are willing to learn, support andfollow religion to the letter. Chapter eight of this book gives me an insightthat though the civilizations they were involved in either diminished or diedthe era maintains spiritual persistence and growth.Thewriter, Elizabeth pollard, brings out the fact that the inhabitants of Afro-Eurasianlandmass between 300 and 600 CE had an urge to maintain spirituality, but diminishedin their faith when it was at its peak. This happened majorly because religiondrew boundaries as to what was right or wrong. The “wrong” had to flee awayfrom society to escape punishment by religious readers.
This made the religionto diminish but “martyrs” came up to resurrect it in the afro-EurasiaThearising of the martyr as a figure that supports religion led to the rise ofChristianity as they expressed their faith through execution of the romanauthorities. Martyrdom took over as themartyrs faith was seen to take a powerful role in the developing stages of the Christianchurch. There arose an opposition to the “all –male’ leadership practices inthe Christian church. Judaism came in as an attempt to curb the practiceBy then, religion had spread in theRoman Empire and the people believed that a bigger entity existed beyond theirphysical world. This gave worshippers the strength to carry on with religion.
These sentimentswere expressed by Judaism as rabbis were busy rethinking their religion aftertheir temple had been destroyed by roman troops in 70 CE. There arose amisunderstanding as Romans believed that gods were omnipresent but not a localpower. Unlike them, Christiansfound it hard to follow and obey.
The Christians came up with debates anddecided to follow their own path.Emperor Constantine revolutionizedChristianity when he had all his soldiers place a symbol of Christianity intheir uniforms. Together with his successors they preached about the Christianchurch until it came to be accepted universally but yet disputes arose overdoctrine issues when he came up with a quest to sum up the faith of Christians.After Christianity, Buddhism was initiated.Buddhism came up in the Silk Road incentral Asia. Later Buddhism spread to many locals in china providing the “barbarian”rulers with legitimacy. There existed two communities whereby one was communityoriented and the other one concentrated on personal expressions. Buddhismbecame so popular in towns and commercial regions until the Brahmans relegatedinto the interior IndiaThis transformation of the Brahmansgave rise to Hinduism.
The Brahmans did away with the ritual of sacrificinganimals according to their pastoralist past in their urge to identifythemselves with agricultural societies and this came as an attraction to the Hinduswho also never practiced animal sacrifices. Local people since then practiceand rely on religion, social institutions and maintain civic order throughguides.The author in this chapter usedreligious groups like Christianity and Buddhism to bring out the aspect ofreligion among individuals. Though their religious groups collapsed they stillhad the faith.
This drove them to join other religious groups so as to worshipa higher deity and maintain social status in the community. Literally,religious groups will continue to exist no matter the hardships.