Relationship Between Fixed Cost And Variable Cost Accounting Essay

A computation of the gross revenues volume ( in units ) required to merely cover costs.A A lower gross revenues volume would be unprofitable and a higher volume would be profitable.A Break-even analysis focuses on the relationship between fixed cost, variable cost ( and cost per unit ) , and selling monetary value ( or selling monetary value per unit ) .

Fixed Costss

Cost that do non alter when production or gross revenues degrees change, such as rent, belongings revenue enhancement, insurance, or involvement expense.A The fixed costs are summarized for a specific clip period ( by and large one month ) .

Variable Cost ( Per Unit Cost )

Variable costs are costs straight related to production units.A Typical variable costs include direct labour and direct stuffs.

The variable cost times the figure of units sold will be the Total Variable Cost. Total Variable costs plus fixed costs make up the entire cost of production.

Selling Price ( per unit monetary value )

The monetary value that unit is sold for. Gross saless Tax is non included the merchandising monetary value and gross revenues taxe paid is non included as a cost.

A The Selling Price times the figure of units sold peers the Entire Gross saless.

Break Even Point

he gross revenues volume ( express as units sold ) at which the company breaks even.A Net incomes are $ 0 at the breakeven point.A The breakeven point is calculated by the undermentioned expression: Break Even Point = Fixed Costs / ( selling price-variable costs ) .

Time Period

The fixed costs are summarized for a specific clip period.The per unit variable cost is non dependent on a specific period of clip.The per unit merchandising monetary value is non dependent on a specific period of clip.The Break Even Point is expressed a figure of units, over a specific clip period that must be sold to obtain a Net Net income of $ 0.

A The clip period the units must be sold is ever the same as the clip period of the fixed costs.The break-even analysis provides you with a important piece of informations: your company ‘s break-even point. The break-even point occurs when your company ‘s grosss precisely equal its costs and disbursals, ensuing in neither a net income nor loss.

When gross revenues fall below the break-even point, your concern incurs a loss ; when gross revenues climb higher, you see net incomes.To come up with your break-even point, you need three pieces of information: the sum expected fixed costs, projected variable costs, and projected gross revenues. Fixed costs include both administrative disbursals ( a.k.a. operating expense ) and involvement, all of which must be paid whether or non you make a individual sale. Variable costs include cost of goods sold and selling disbursals ; entire variable costs of course go up as gross revenues volume additions. Your jutting gross revenues volume should be based on how much you realistically expect to sell at a peculiar monetary value.

Keep in head, those projected gross revenues are what you expect to sell, non your break-even point.To cipher a break-even point for your service concern, usage service wages as your cost of goods sold. When employees perform services on behalf of the company, split up their wages into units that match your gross units ( whatever footing you use to find client monetary values, such as hours ) . Do n’t bury to include a rate for yourself when you perform services.

If your break-even analysis does n’t pan out, which indicates loss potency ; you may be inclined to maintain working the Numberss until you get a favourable result. Your energy may be better spent on rethinking this program or sing a different way for your company. When you start drawing Numberss out of the air to do an analysis come out the manner you want, you could be puting yourself up for losingss.

When to Fix a Break-Even Analysis

Use this analysis every clip you plan to do a major alteration in the concern. Major alterations include:Adding a new merchandiseExpanding the concernTaking on important debtEntering a long-run contract ( with either a provider or client )Puting or altering monetary valuesFix a break-even before you definitively decide to do such a major alteration. This will allow you cognize whether that alteration can be profitable ; if it ca n’t, reconsider your programs.There are a figure of ways to cut down the breakeven point, which increases the border of safety of a concern. See the undermentioned possibilities:Reduce vouchers and erstwhile monetary value decreases.

If a big figure of clients take advantage of bargain-priced monetary values, the breakeven point will endure.Outsource fixed cost activities. There may be instances where the company can switch some activities to an outside provider, along with the attendant fixed plus costs. Then the company merely pays on a per-unit footing for whatever the goods or services may be, thereby change overing the fixed cost to a variable cost.Bundle merchandises and services into bundles, or up sell clients to more expensive merchandises. Either attack increases the border per sale.Formula: To cipher the breakeven point, divide the mean part border ( gross revenues minus variable disbursals, divided by gross revenues ) into entire fixed expenses.

A Extraordinary points that are in no manner related to ongoing operations should be excluded from this expression, which is:Entire Fixed ExpensesContribution Margin PercentageA fluctuation on the expression is to take all non-cash disbursals, such as depreciation, from the calculation.A This attack is utile for companies that are more interested in finding the point at which they break even on a hard currency flow footing, instead than on an accrual coverage basis.A This expression is:Entire Fixed Expenses – ( Depreciation + Amortization + Other Non-Cash Expenses )Contribution Margin PercentageYet another fluctuation is to mensurate the breakeven point in footings of the figure of units that must be sold in order to accomplish the breakeven point. This expression is:Entire Fixed ExpensesContribution Margin per Unit

Benefits / Advantages of Break Even Analysis:

The chief advantages of breakeven point analysis are that it explains the relationship between cost, production, volume and returns. It can be extended to demo how alterations in fixed cost, variable cost, trade good monetary values, and grosss will impact net income degrees and interrupt even points. Break even analysis is most utile when used with partial budgeting, capital budgeting techniques.

The major benefits to utilize interrupt even analysis are that it indicates the lowest sum of concern activity necessary to forestall losingss.

Restrictions of Break Even Analysis:

It is best suited to the analysis of one merchandise at a clip. It may be hard to sort a cost as all variable or all fixed ; and there may be a inclination to go on to utilize a interruption even analysis after the cost and income maps have changed.


Q1. Sue ‘s Day Care: Sing a demand for child care in her community, Sue decided to establish her ain day care service. Her service needed to be low-cost, so she decided to watch each kid for $ 12 a twenty-four hours. After making her prep, Sue came up with the following fiscal information:Selling Price ( per kid per twenty-four hours ) $ 12Operating Expenses ( per month )Insurance 400Rent 200

Entire Operating Expenses $ 600

Costss of goods sold $ 4.00 per unit

Meals 2 @ $ 1.50 ( breakfast & A ; tiffin )Bites 2 @ $ 0.

50Gross Margin ( per unit ) = Selling Price – Cost of Goods Sold$ 12.00 – $ 4.00 = $ 8.00 per unitThe month of June has 20 working daies, Monday through Friday for four hebdomads.

How many kids will Sue necessitate to take attention of merely to break-even in her new concern?


Break-evens are calculated utilizing the undermentioned expression:

Break-even = operating disbursals ? gross border per unit

Break-even = operating disbursals ? ( $ 12.00 – $ 4.00 )

Break-even = $ 600 ? $ 8.00

Break-even = 75 units ( kids ) in June


Since there are 20 yearss in June.

Sue must watch 75 ? 20 = 3.75 childs or four kids every twenty-four hours. Right from the start, Sue knows that she must take attention of at least four childs every twenty-four hours to get down to do a net income.