Research Paper on Eating Disorder Essay

Research Paper on Eating Disorder            Eating Disorders are abnormal eating patterns that could endanger health or increase the risk for other diseases. People with eating disorders often eat, or refuse to eat, to satisfy psychological or emotional needs, rather than a physical need (cited in Stein, 2003). An eating disorder is marked by extremes.

It is present when a person experiences severe disturbances in eating behavior, such as extreme reduction of food intake or extreme overeating, or feelings of extreme distress or concern about body weight or shape. A person with an eating disorder may have started out just eating smaller or larger amounts of food than usual, but at some point, the urge to eat less or more spirals out of control. Eating disorders are very complex, and despite scientific research to understand them, the biological, behavioral and social underpinnings of these illnesses remain elusive.Scope of Limitation:Each human being is enjoying the Human Freedom. We were taught that to be free to choose we must accept responsibility for our choices. To accept responsibility for our choices means we accept our current condition of life or we choose to change it. As we make our choices in pursuit of Life, Liberty and Happiness; we recognize we must work hard and earn our own way.

As we compete to improve our lives we must treat our fellow Human Beings with Dignity, Respect and Fairness. In return we expect to be treated also with the same Dignity, Respect and Fairness. With this principle in mind, I’ve been vocal to my respondents that their identities will remain confidential and their opinion will be respected and valued.

Methodology:            The method I used is Survey Research. Survey research is one of the most important areas of measurement in applied social research. I got 10 respondents – all of different status and level of education – which would represent the targeted population and therefore will eliminate bias. This concept is known as sampling. Sampling is defined as “the act, process, or technique of selecting a representative part of a population for the purpose of determining parameters or characteristics of the whole population. Respondents expressed their answers by choosing among the following choices: YES, NO, No Comment.Survey Questions:Are you happy with the way you look and appear to others?Are you often on diet?Do you constantly eat when depressed or under stress?Do you eat alone because you are embarrassed to eat in front of others?If you were thinner, would you like yourself better?Do you often find yourself skipping meals or putting off eating?Do you constantly compare your body to the bodies of models in magazines?Do you sometimes feel like your eating is out of control?Do you have a fear gaining weight?Have your friends told you that you are too skinny?Does your weight often determine whether you are happy or sad?Do you consider yourself to have an eating disorder?Do you know anyone who has an eating disorder?Do you think that the media plays a key role in the increase of eating disorders across the Western World?If you have an eating disorder, what do you consider yourself to have?·         Anorexia Nervosa·         Bulimia Nervosa·         Compulsive over-Eating·         A combination of the above·         None of the aboveResults:Question# of Respondents who answered YES# of Respondents who answered NO# of Respondents who answered No CommentTotal # of Respondents191120261420310102043172051172206911207713208515209137201041620116142012218201391120141822015.

      Anorexia Nervosa – 0            Bulimia Nervosa – 0            Compulsive over-Eating – 3            A combination of the above – 0            None of the above – 17Conclusion:         Eating disorders have become a major health problem in Western society, and there is evidence of their emergence in most parts of the world. People may be happy with the way they look but there are still a lot of things that triggers one to suffer from eating disorders. Family and friends are very influential when it comes to eating disorders. The media is a significant influence on eating disorders through its impact on values, norms, and image standards accepted by modern society (cited in Harrison, K.; Cantor, J., 1997). The dieting industry makes billions of dollars each year by consumers continually buying products in an effort to be the ideal weight.

Many people would like themselves better if they were thinner. The pressure to be thin is alive and well and shows no sign of abating. Some find themselves skipping meals or putting off eating. Dieting continues to be a common entry point in both syndromes, with the greatest risk being the group of severe dieters.

Not surprisingly, therefore, sociocultural and environmental factors as they relate to ideal body shape are thought to play an important role in the development of eating disorders. The media displays an unrealistic standard of beauty that makes the public feel incredibly inadequate and dissatisfied and forces people to strive for an unattainable appearance. This takes an enormous toll on one’s self-esteem and can easily lead to dieting behaviors, disordered eating, body shame, and ultimately an eating disorder. The surrounding culture in which an adolescent is raised greatly affects how they feel they are supposed to look, potentially contributing to an eating disorder (cited in Santrock, J. W. 2005).

Some eating disorders exist due to the experiences of people. Some people find eating as an outlet of their emotions. Sometimes, problems at home can put kids at higher risk of problem eating behaviors. Many kids who develop an eating disorder have low self-esteem and their focus on weight can be an attempt to gain a sense of control at a time when their lives feel more out-of-control.            The best steps you can take to help your friends and family in preventing the occurrence of an eating disorder are as follows:Refrain from giving your children critical feedback regarding weight and body age especially at an early age.Discourage your children to achieve an unrealistic model-like body.Refer your loved one with an eating disorder to appropriate professionals for treatment.

            Everyone should be aware about eating disorders regardless of culture, economic status, gender and health status to be able to prevent further mental, emotional and physical disturbances.References:Stein, L. (2003). Consumer Health InteractiveHarrison, K; Cantor, J (1997), “The relationship between media consumption and eating disorders”, Journal of Communication (Oxford University Press) 47 (1): 40–68.Santrock, J. W. (2005). Nutrition and Eating Behavior.

In Mike Ryan (Ed.). A Topical Approach to Life-Span Development, Fourth Edition (pp 156-157). New York City: McGraw-Hill.