Researchers to have fast paced musical stimulation

Researchers have made
rapid strides on studying overall physical activity amongst humans. When
examining physical activity, the diversity of studies on the topic contributes to
multiple facets of physical activity and exercise (Karageorhis, Priest, 2012). Prior
to the mid-1990’s, studies relating music to exercise were scanty (13) which
was initially examined by (Karageorhis, Terry, 1997), and reexamined a second
time in 2011 (Karageorhis, Priest, 2012). In addition to the timely growth in
the amount of studies, a growth in truth caused by carelessness of a multitude
of variables has come. Music selection is imperative when being coupled with
exercise. Tunes or melodies which are personal favorites (that which the
subject would individually choose) or those that arouse certain expressions stimulate
explicit responses. Naturally, anticipated degrees of endurance, power, and
strength demonstrate this (Biagini, Brown, Coburn, Judelson, Statler, Bottaro,
Tran, Longo, 2012)., Typically induced, these physical testimonies of musical motivation
are correlated to psychological benefits

Musical
stimulation has shown to induce individuals to perform better (Jarraya,
Chtourou, Souissi). Studies concerning this topic are not new to research. Research
has been conducted using subjects at colleges and universities with ages
ranging from 18-21 years old. This paper will observe the research including
subjects who match this standard. Many aspects of physical activity are
highlighted by this single stimulus that when they are all integrated together,
they yield clear differences compared to the control groups (those who had no
musical intervention). This essay assesses and relates a handful of
dissertations which were conducted on the topic of musical stimulus during
exercise along with the functional effects that are invigorated by this
stimulus.

Research conducted
by (Jarraya, Chtourou, Souissi, 2012) called “The Effects of Music on
High-intensity Short-term Exercise in Well Trained Athletes” studied twelve
male participants who were carefully chosen concerning the effects of incorporating
fast paced songs (> 120-140 bpm). Two of the
main arguments when conducting this study were the ratings of perceive exertion
(RPE) and their corresponding heart rates. Subjects were assessed using Borg’s Ratings
of Perceived Exertion (RPE) which is the lone scale mentioned to in this paper
and is exclusively used in all studies. One exercise session was required to
have fast paced musical stimulation (> 120-140 bpm) and one session was
required to have no musical intervention resulting in two total exercise
sessions per week. Throughout the ten-minute warm-up before the subject
performed a Wingate test, music intervention was allowed in order to simulate
the game-day environment that athletes are a part of. During the Wingate test,
subjects would pedal as hard as possible while attempting to produce maximal
power. Every few minutes throughout the duration of the test, the subjects’
heart rates and RPE’s were measured using beats per minute (BPM) and the Borg
scale Statistical analysis revealed that musical stimulus did not affect
subject heart rate or their perceived exertion. However, it did reflect a
substantial increase in peak (4.1+/-3.6) and mean (4.0+/-3.70) power ratings.
The results of this study suggest beneficial effects of musical stimulation
during warm-up performances.

Multiple effects of music have been evaluated
through many different experiments and studies. Reoccurring themes of lower
RPE, as well as increases in performance such as running longer distances or
generating higher velocities or power were present in most articles that were
evaluated. Some even referred to the addition of music to exercise as a “legal
performance enhancing drug”. Although not all claims are supported when
comparing two of the studies examined, it should be noted that no negative
outcomes such as a decrease in performance or a higher RPE was ever the result
when music was included with exercise. This proves that athletes or individuals
should surely consider making the addition of music to their exercise regimen
if they desire to potentially increase their performance.