Rohingyan Refugee CrisisRohingyans are a group of Muslim minority in a majority Buddhistcountry, and are said to be among the world’s most persecuted minorities.
Theirlineage can be traced back to 15th century Burma. Sadly, the government claimsthat they are illegal immigrants, causing them to be excluded from the 1982citizenship act that recognized 135ethnic groups, leaving 1 million Rohingyans as a stateless group. As if revoking their nationality wasn’t already cruel enough, the militaryhas been killing and raping the Rohingyans, setting their villages on fire.This is regarded by the as a ” textbook example of ethnic cleansing”. Since Aug 2017, violence has been entrenched in western Myanmar’sRakhine state, leaving hundreds dead and driving more than 410,000 of theRohingya minority from Myanmar into neighbouring countries like Bangladesh,China and Malaysia. On 19 September 2017, Myanmar leader Aung San Suu Kyi condemnedall human rights violations in the Rakhine state, even stating proudly that hercountry does not fear international scrutiny on the Rohingya crisis, claimingthat anyone responsible for abuses in the Rakhine state would face the law. Evidently, the words of the 72-year-old Noble laureate that hadpreviously come under intense criticism for staying silent on the militaryoperations were empty promises. Till now, persecution of Rohingyans continue asthe military most recently planted landmines along the myanmar-bangladeshborder to prevent them from returning.
The Rohingyan Refugee crisis not onlyhas not subsided, but in fact has worsened. Marawi SiegeThe Marawi Siege is a relatively short armed conflict that centredaround the Philippine government security forces trying to push out the militantsaffiliated with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL). ISIL, anextremist group linked to terror group “Islamic State in Iraq and Syria”(ISIS), sent in 400 militants to inflictterror and occupy Marawi with the objective of raising an ISIL flag and declaringa provincial ISIL territory (wilayat) in Lanao del Sur. The battle proved to be victorious for the Philippines, for the dayafter the militant leaders Omar Maute and Isnilon Hapilon had fallen, PhilippinePresident Duterte declared that Marawi had finally been “liberated fromterrorist influence”.
In response to the conflict, Singapore’s Defence Minister Ng Eng Hen commentedit was fortunate the conflict was resolved quickly. If tensions were allowed toescalate, it would pose to Asean countries decades of problems. Inefficientaction taken to end the battle would only make Philippine a vulnerable pullingground for would-be jihadists. Despite being a relatively short fight, thesiege was a spectre of terrorism in the Asean region that proved to be real andmulti-dimensional.