Rutherford B. Hayes was the 19th president from 1877- 1881. The Compromise of 1877, which was a compromise for the removal of northern troops from the south, also to help the south become industrialized, and to begin another construction of a new transcontinental railroad. It also awarded him to become the president. (Millercenter. org) Also, “His appointments did not favor party loyalty as much as competence, and he made an executive order that government employees could not be solicited for party campaign funds. (pbs. org) Because he fought in the civil war, and he was from Ohio, he believed that everyone was born equal and that he wanted everyone to get along. Instead of asking for federal aid to build the new railroad, he asked for federal aid for education. He “believed that education was the key to a more unified country. ” and that “universal suffrage should rest upon univewrsal education. ” (Millercenter. org) From this, he fought for the 15th amendment to become in effect, it would guarantee freed men the right to vote.
Before he was in office, Reconstruction had already ended in the southern states except for two states, Louisiana and South Carolina. The problem with this was that the federal troops were stuck there because southerners did not aid them so they can go back home. Being the president, he wrote a letter stating that “He would be willing to remove the troops upholding Republican governments in Louisiana and South Carolina if leading Democrats in those states pledges to uphold the civil and voting rights of the black and white republicans. ” (Millercenter. rg) Unfortunately, his promises were broken and the democrats in the southern states became stronger and the blacks in the south couldn’t vote. But he kept his promise to remove troops from the south, especially in New Orleans. After three months of removing federal troops, northerners led a strike called The Great Strike of 1877. Since troops came home, workers in the north had wage cuts and before that, they already had reductions in their wages, this led to the strike. Tom Scott, who was the president of a Pennsylvania Railroad, desperately asked President Hayes to use federal troops against the strikers to stop it.
The president surprisingly refused and instead of using federal troops, he used the American army to stop it. After a month, the strike had faded away. And from this, the Pennsylvania Railroad company did not cut their workers wages anymore. (millercenter. org) The civil war took a big toll on the national debt, because of the war, the national debt rose a colossal 4,000%. Being the President, Hayes knew he had to do something about it, so he advocated hard money. (millercenter. org) From him advocating it, “greenbacks” became more popular than gold, and gold was exchanged for the hard money.
Resulting from this, in 1878, The creation of the Bland Alison Act was in effect. The compromise required the secretary of treasury to purchase at the market price of $2 to $4 million of silver each month and mint that silver into dollars, this compromise restored the nation economy back to gold standard. (Millercenter. org) Having sympathy for the Native Indians that were forced off of their land because of the gold rush, “the government appropriated several billions of dollars to aid the Native Americans” (millercenter. org)