Though the safety of a person is primarily individual in nature, responsibility to maintain it lies not only to the environment he belongs to but also to his behavioural practice .
Most of the accident occurs either due to hostile environment or due to unsafe action. By systematic approach, the environment can be made conducive. But the circle of safety will not be complete unless the behaviour of the participants are controlled or moulded. So, the behaviour of an individual and that of the team plays a very important role in safety.The effectiveness of an organisation’s safety management system is determined by the collective behaviour and attitudes of its employee to the common goal of safety.
In an organisation the values, perceptions, competencies of individual and that of members of the team determine the extent of commitment towards the safety management system. Safety management system of any organisation is effective partially in eliminating hazard in workplace but has limited control over unsafe behaviour of the employee and for this reason, mishaps cannot be avoided..Through improved technology, safer working environment may be ensured but an employee’s attitude towards the safety management system is the determining factor. Overconfidence, complacency, lack of knowledge etc. , can play havoc to any good quality safety management system. It is not only the workplace safety, but also is the human behaviour responsible for occupational health to a great extent.
Organisational safety management system may provide Personal Protective Equipments, organise safety programs etc. o enhance safety awareness but positive safety culture has to be inculcated among the employees by influencing the behaviour in the workplace. This Page | 1 can be achieved in the most effective manner not only by campaigning safety also through methodical introspection by the participant themselves. The inner strength of mind will be enhanced and thus reducing fearfulness which will be reflected in the employee’s behaviour. The workman will then be more committed and determined towards the safety management system of the organisation for his/her own benefit as well as for the team as a whole.Any action performed in a situation, is the outcome of a behavioural or decision making process rather than a random chance.
Also the perception of risk varies from person to person depending upon the past experience, gender, age, knowledge, training, social and educational background etc. As an employee’s perception and interpretation deeply influence his/her decision making which results in safe/unsafe action , any effort to change or mould his/her behavioural pattern is much more effective in reducing the no. of accident in any workplace. This fact is corroborated where such approach has been made and followed in true spirits. :