The unfair advantage, inconsistent with the rights of

The prosecution must prove that the accused was holding such an office which gave him authority under law to commit person for trial or to confinement, or to keep persons in confinement. This must be done corruptly or maliciously, and he must also have known that he was acting contrary to law.

The word ‘corruptly’ which has been used in sections 196, 198, 200 and 219 also, means that the act has been done with the intention of gaining an unfair advantage, inconsistent with the rights of others, or one’s own official duty. The word ‘maliciously’ means an act done with ill will or spite without any just cause or excuse to the detriment of another.

Unlawful confinement with a view to commit extortion with a view to pressurize the person confined to come to terms with another person in whom the accused is interested. have been held to be punishable under this section as such acts are done ‘corruptly’ or ‘maliciously’.

The offence under this section is non-cognizable, bailable and non-compoundable, and is triable by magistrate of the first class.