Sherley’s Jackson famousshort story, “The Lottery” tells the story of a farming community that holds aritualistic lottery among its citizens each year. Even though the textinitially presents audiences with a close-knit community participating in a socialevent together on a special day, the shocking twist at the work’s end with adeath of the lottery’s “winner” by stoning has lead to its widespreadpopularity, public outcry and discussion, also continued examine in moderntimes (Jackson). The analytical lens is the “theory that based on the criticalperspective of a text on the reader and his or her interpretation” of the text(Parker 314). The author reveals two general attitudes in this story, the firstone is the shocking disposition to select a fool, and the other one is theideas that communities are victims of social tradition and rituals. Shirleydisplays the theme of steady ritualistic tradition and the use of symbolismthroughout the story. However, a reason the tradition stays could be the possibilityof superstition. Society might believe is done away of, bad luck or even evilwill come upon them.
In today’s society it often has all too casual attitudetoward misfortune; Jackson shows an aspect of a human nature through the town’scasual attitude regarding the lottery. The gentlemen talk about “rain,tractors, and taxes” and the ladies gossip all the time knowing they are aboutto kill someone or be even be killed themselves (Jackson 863). The people thatlive in that village have mixed emotions about the lottery; the fear on a verybrutal level they enjoy it. By standing “away from the pile of stones,” andkeeping their distance from the black box, the people show their fear of thelottery (Jackson 863).
Many things in our own society parallel the villager’sactions, they fear it and then they look for carnage: we have to slow down andstarred at the accident. Jackson receives the best example of this aspect ofhuman nature. She claims that most of things she receives are, “wanted to knowwhere these lotteries were held, and whether they could go there and watch”(Friedman 86). During the lottery, everyone is equal and the society isgenderless, in other way men draw as the head of the household, the womenpartake in the final round and the stoning of the victim. This happens when acharacter of the lottery does this “Mrs.
Delacroix selected a stone solarge she had to pick it up with both hands” (Jackson 200). In reality, the lottery symbolized the game of life, andhow our behavior as human beings influences our choices in life and thereforeour destiny. This symbol helped the author develop the meaning of the story,because it is all based on the game winning or losing.
The people organize thelottery a little bet scary because they organized it on important events suchas “square dances, the teenage club, the Halloween program” (Jackson 212). Onthe other hand, in foreign countries have other rules, or laws, instead ofhelping people, it kills them little by little and those people take justice ontheir hands. The lottery has the same things as other countries keep on doingit today, the kind of humiliation and the whole game of the story represents ina reality we have in our society. The story reflects human behavior in society show howalthough rules, laws or tradition do not make sense, people follow them. Theauthor wrote the story “to shock the story’s readers with the graphicdemonstration of the pointless violence and general inhumanity in their ownlives” (Jackson 211). The story itself issymbolic of the paradox of the human psyched between compassion on one hand andthirst for violence and cruelty on the other. It appears that the tradition hasblinded these people in an irrational way. Bad things are symbolized because,”the feeling of liberty sat uneasily on them” (Jackson 84).
The mood thetownspeople are in suggest that this gathering isn’t one that fun and relaxing. The black box is thecentral theme or idea in the story it symbolizes at first some type of mystery,but at the ending it realizes that is a synonymous with doom. The box issymbolic of our loathing of change, it is old and splintered showing that wecling to what is familiar rather than change and symbolizes the tradition ofthe community. One of the characters began talking of a new box, but every yearwas allowed to fade off without anything’s being done. When forced with thepossibility of death, human nature and all its complexity, that of survival. Itappears that tradition has blinded these people in an irrational way, makingthem unable to think of a reason why this possibly should not be happening. The inhumanity in this isgenerated by learned habits of the collected society, not by any inherent humannature.
The life instincts of a population have an effect that seems toindicate an inborn capacity for committing evil, although the instinct justintensifies the learned evil. “When the chips are down, everybody wants justone thing to save his own skin” (Cervo 183). This “reveals the fragile of thenuclear family” by demonstrating that even the closest of ties are not matchfor the superiority of the lottery by “which the lottery effectively dividesinto competing individuals whose survival needs are at the odds with oneanother” (Whittier 354). The obsession explains how the “ritual in its originis integral to the man’s concept of his universe, that it is rooted in his needto explain, even to control the forces around him” (Nebeker 302). The tone of “The Lottery”are very important aspects that give the reader a sense of where they are andan overall feeling of what the story should be like. The author says, “Themorning of June 27th was a clear and sunny, with warmth of a fullsummer day” (Jackson 250). This is very misleading because the author gives thesense that is a normal place that goes about their day lives just as any otherplace would.
The tone of the story quickly changes once the reader realizeswhat the point of the lottery really is. He symbolizes that the tradition inthis unusual ritual the people partake in. One of the players of thestory is very important because is a symbol and also one of the maincharacters. The character believes by retiring the tradition that, “They’ll bewanting to go back to living in caves” (Jackson 253). According to thecharacter the lottery is the only thing keeping society stable. Anothercharacter as a superstition and he thinks that a human sacrifice is the onlylogical answer for insuring that their crops are good, seen in the line”Lottery in June, corn be heavy soon” (254). The box is one of themost important symbols because it represents the absence of tradition.
The villagers are blindlyfollowing tradition just because it has always been done this way. Throughoutthe story the reader is able to clearly see how the author uses setting, toneand symbols to create a very entertained the story. The author leaves thereaders with a great theme that can be applied to any society and any timeperiod. For the people that live in the little village of the author thepractice is almost religion. If one person of your family didn’t ingrain theimportance of the sacrifice into one of their children, perhaps this wouldallow that child to not learn what is expected, but discover the value of lifeand bring into village. The author leaves with a great theme that can beapplied to any society and any time period.
In conclusion, the story”The Lottery”, by Shirley Jackson talks about the tradition of this littlevillage has a special box with little papers and the winner of that lotterygets to let other villager to throw stones to them. Its really great what thislottery can change the society because the people can hate or other things cando to others. Other countries do the same thing but different they don’t have alottery so they can kill or hurt other people. Its really great to learn howthe society has change from different places and from different people. Irecommend reading the story because it talks about how the people do about thelottery and they have to let them hit them with stones and how will that changethe society between the people.