Similarly, Hamlet’srelationship with his father, King Hamlet, also seems to be a fairly positive one.However, there is very little information given in the play about the relationshipbetween the father and his son. The great respect Hamlet shows toward his departedfather though indicates that their relationship was at least civil. In theplay, Hamlet places his father on a pedestal, and at one point compares him to’Hyperion’, a Greek god whose name translates to “The High-One”. Hamlet referencesa few Greek and Roman mythological characters while discussing his father.
Whiletalking to his mother, Hamlet refers to:Hyperion’scurls; the front of Jove himself; Aneye like Mars, to threaten and command; Astation like the herald Mercury Newlighted on a heaven-kissing hill (Act 3, Scene 4, ll.57-60) Thesecomparisons show Hamlet thinks highly of his deceased father, which is alsoshown by how committed he is to avenging his father’s death. Although the ghostof King Hamlet seems to use his son to serve his own purposes, this behaviourcan be expected from a recently murdered king who is suffering in purgatory andwhose murderer has just married his wife, and now holds his title as king.Hamlet’s commitment to avenging his father’s death can be seen to be one of thereasons he goes mad. Hamlet is so connected with his father that his spiritappears in front of his eyes from time to time, persuading him to seek revenge.His father’s spirit insists that it was a murder that Hamlet must reveal everythingin order his soul could be free.
Hamlet has an inner struggle between followingthe orders of his deceased father who he worships, and a moral obligation tofigure out if Claudius is actually the murderer before he kills him. This linksto the theme of madness in the play, as this moral tug-of-war Hamlet faces canbe linked to his descent into madness. Although it is clear that Hamlet isalready struggling with his sanity before he sees his father’s ghost. Thismoral struggle he faces between avenging his father’s death and doing what hefeels is right seems to push him over the edge.