Since 1980 they have always been existence of the continuationof social class inequalities in health and social care. It all applies tohealth including expectations of life, general level of health, infant andmaternal mortality. The failure to close this social gap it is disgrace to somepeople, they could claim for so long as these parameters are improving in alllevels of society there is no cause of concern. A report from National Staticsshows that despite 67 years of the NHS they remain marked differences in allparameters of health across the social classes. 1 The gap of womenliving longer that man its now closing. However,it is complicated by the inequality between local areas which increased overthe period of two decades. Health inequalities are differences between group due topeople, geographical, biological or other factors. They have huge impact betweenthe richest and poor society in UK.
Healthinequalities are:· PovertySince 1980 reports have recognise linkbetween health and poor poverty. People who live in low income household aremore likely living in a poor-quality house, less money for heating, maintainingtheir homes, no warm clothes and poor diets. It can affect by person’s mental wellbeingfor example stress can reduces your good health by worrying how you going topay your bills or survive on a low income. · Lifestyle choices Smoking, drinking alcohol, lack of exerciseand poor diet can be a risk to your good health. Other studies and researchshows that people in poorest groups they make the worst health choices. For example,poorest people smoke and drink alcohol because there are trying to get rid ofthe stress in their households.
· Hereditary factors In our lives there is a health link betweenfamily history and individuals’ health. Even though genes can increase personlikelihood of developing certain condition for example environment, lifestylechoices and coronary heart disease. · Gender Males who does not have things that arenecessary for a pleasant life such as enough money, food or good livingconditions there have life expectancy 9.0 years shorter than those males whoare facing poverty that keeps them from not having enough food or shelter.
Smaller life of their health they also spend it on good health. Other reason men take part in more risktaking such as sports, not visiting their GP to seek preventative care and makepoorer lifestyle choices such as consuming more alcohol which leads them tolower life expectancy and higher rates of early death. Female who does not have things that arenecessary for a pleasant life such as enough money, food or good livingconditions there have life expectancy 6.9 years shorter (measuring by range)those females who are facing poverty that keeps them from not having enoughfood or shelter. Females can also expect to spend 16.7 percentage points lessof their life in good health.Other reasons female smoke more than whatman does, they take greater role for caring children and elderly family memberswhich increases stress and affect your personal health, also increase risk ofbeing poor.
· Race Cultural traditions from most of thepopulation they have poor health than the overall population however someminority fare much worse than others. SocialinequalityIt is the extent to which there are differences betweengroups in society such as morbidity rates, mortality, life expectancy,unemployment and annually detail poverty. Income and wealth In United Kingdom inequality it is an issue in Scotland andthe UK even though most people agree that society should aim to be more equal,it is not possible to complete equality within capitalist society. It may beargued to what matters more is the extent of inequality, gap size between the wealthiestand least wealthy.
Other political argues that if the inequality gap become toobig it may increase social unrest in future. Income it is supposed to cover persons earnings from theiremployment, pensions etc wealth it is supposed to cover income but the total ofa person’s value for example house, money in the bank and shares etc. The Gini Coefficient it is attempting to measure incomeinequality with a society and allow estimate of the similarities betweencountries Trends in equalityGini Coefficients it shows income inequality in the UKincrease over the years. Before 1979, inequality in United Kingdom was below by30% which means was not significant high. From 1980 onwards, it began to risereaching around 35% until the recession which started in 2008. Inequality fellin UK for the two years of recession (2008-10). 4 Rising inequality across the developed world In total of 30 countries in developed world, United Kingdomhas the fifth most unequal incomes but in terms of wealth it is equal.
Othertop fifth countries have 40 percent of country income and 60 percent of countrywealth, the bottom fifth countries have 8 percent of country income and 1percent of country income.