Single Parent Families Essay

The Singletree Household Customs and traditions that were being taught and practiced over several yea RSI are now becoming obsolete. The modern culture has changed and outgrown what were e once the norm of values and beliefs in society. What once was unacceptable in the olden days, I s now becoming a fast and rapidly rising trend. Over the last 50 years the structure of the Aimer can families has experienced a dramatic transformation. In 1970, 83% of women ages 30 to 34 were married according to the sass decennial Census.

By 2010 that number had decrease d dramatically to 57%. The Census Bureau defines a family as ‘two or more persons related by birth, marriage or adoption who reside in the same household. ” Sociologist recognize a wide vary itty of Family types, some of the most common being traditional, blended, lantern, and extended. The traditional family, also known as the nuclear family, was seen as the most fee active form for carrying out the vital functions of the family. But over the last few decades the re has been a steady rise in singletree families.

Singletree households have more than tripled since the sass. In 1960, more than 76% of Fragmentariness and nearly 97% of whites were born to married couples. Today the percentage is 30% for blacks and 70% for whites. There are many reasons why Americans and sociologist worry about the singletree houses old. Some concerns include economic, developmental, and moral of the family. So this leaves the question on whether a singletree can carry out those same vital function a family require In the Conflict Perspective, marriage and family do not concur with one another ere.

Conflict theory makes different assumptions about the family as an institution, interpret eating the family as a yester of power relations that reinforce and reflect inequalities of society. Co inflict theorist agree that the environment and other forces shape the marriage and family. Some t heritors say single parents benefit the economy, with single mothers being able to produce ache p labor, social services not accommodating to profit making and new laborers for temporary y deadened jobs. The conflict perspective emphasizes that families in American society are vital to capitalism because the family produces the workers that capitalism needs.

Personalities within a family are shaped by adapting to the needs of a capitalist system. Thus, families Conflict theorists believe in the separation of family. If there is battery or abuse e Nina marriage, then the physically abused spouse should leave. Also, in the conflict perspective, the patriarchal family exist, meaning men have control over the women. Within the e conflict viewpoint, feminism has a strong argument in single parenting. Feminism re marks on how women are in distress and have defined violence as a reflection of the patria chi’s power.

This might be the cause of many divorces and ultimately leading to single parenting Also by way of the conflict perspective, conflict theorist view family as an insist Zion in which we will get all Of our knowledge by determination Of class. Conflict will a acknowledge that all families have an important role in the development of a child’s life, depend inning on the social class of the family. Conflict theorist depict the family as an institution subject t o the same conflicts that characterize the rest of society.

Families are not isolated from the e problems facing society as a whole. The struggles brought on by racism, class inequality, sexes m, homophobia, and other social conflicts are played out within family life. The singletree family can be defined as a family where a parent lives with a pendent child or children, either alone or in a larger household, without a spouse or pa rater. Singletree families have been present in all societies over time. Some have viewed this TTY pee of family as deviant or problematic, while others see it as rather an alternative form of FAA mill.

But over recent years the singletree family has been the fastest growing family in the Unite d States. Although this is more likely to be a female parent, a significant proportion involve male parents. This type of family is sometimes called a broken nuclear family, because it often arises f room the breakup of a tapering family. Regardless of how family diversity is viewed, the increase SE and prevalence of families headed by one parent has major influences on social, e economic, and political context of family.

Single parenting due to divorce means that the divorced single parent will have e primary custody Of the child or children. The single parent will do the major Obligation of raising the child or children but the other parent can still be involved in the family. The us al pattern of divorce is that the mother becomes the single parent with the obligation, while e the father becomes the supporting parent In most circumstances the father becomes t e single parent if, the other parent is widowed, the mother deserted the child or children, or the MO there refuses custody of her child.

A mother may award parenting to the father due to lack of finance ill resources, child’s preference living with the father, inability to control or discipline child en, threats of legal custody battles, and physical or emotional problems suffered by her. Single parenting due to widowhood may give a parent an unforeseen parents Eng obligation that will cause them to have undergo a difficult time of adjustment. Emotions such as anger, denial, depression, bargaining, and later acceptance are common to widowed ingle parents. These negative emotions will largely affect parenting.

Support of family and f rinds are important for the single parent to cope with the sudden drastic changes in the Eire family. A parent who is alone as the result of a divorce, separation, or death have ma NY problems that do not arise in a tapering family. The single parent family has been cat groined and labeled as “disorganized,” “unstable,” “undesirable,” or ‘”broken,” regardless of the condition of its existence. This negative connotation has emerged in part from the social p hilltop’s that divorce indicates a serious moral failure to society.

These negative assumption s are reflected in literature because mass media tends to be a reflection of social thought. The singletree faces many economic hardships. This spread of families he deed by a singletree who is not living with another adult who helps support her and her children is most troubling from an economic perspective. Single mothers infrequently co Amanda high Wages. It is often found for them to have difficulty working long hours, since t hey also have the sole responsibility of having to care for their children.

The spread of single there families has therefore played a major role in the persistence of poverty in the United State The issues of expensive day care, shortage of quality time with children, Balkan CE of work, school, home duties, and economic struggle are some of the seemingly ended as problems these families must overcome. In current studies over 88% of single parent families are women headed, however the amount of singletrees has grown by 60% in the last 10 years. As many singletree households are familiarized, their economic burden is much g rater than that of a singletree family.

This issue results from the fact that single women typically do not earn the same income as a single man. Single mothers often must work overtime shift to compensate for the low salaries, thus taking time away from their children, school, and other domestic duties. This could result in a child that is home alone, without adult supervision, if the parent does not have family or a trusted adult to watch over their child, or placed in a daycare service for up to 81 0 hours per day, which could be very costly.

Another problem that occurs w tit singletree families is lack of attention or attachment in order to feel loved and cared for in their lives. Children who do not experience a relationship with their parents may not be able to experience it in other relationships. Stress in the life of a singletree often leads to depress soon. The parent can be so busy in their day to support the child that they cannot have time for themselves and end up having problems with their own health that they may not notice.

Children who grow up in a household with only one biological parent are worse off, on average, than chill deer who grow up in a household with both of their biological parents, regardless of the parents’ race or educational background, regardless Of whether the parents are married when the child is born, and regardless of whether the resident parent remarries. Not all children from disrupted families live with a singletree, but other living arrangements are less likely to leave the children in poverty. Mothers who dive Orca and remarry tend to be about as well off economically as mothers who remained married t o the child’s biological father.

Also, unmarried mothers who cohabit with a boyfriend often tend to have significantly higher household incomes than those living on their own. Another r instance of singletrees facing fewer economic problems is when they live with their pa rents or relatives, as oppose to living alone. Research shows that mothers giving birth outside of marriage are less likely t o have complete prenatal care and are more likely to have babies with low birth weigh TTS and other health problems, all of which disrupt child development.

A review of 92 empirical stud dies by Paul Amatol, published in 1991, showed abundant evidence that children from dive arced families scored lower on several measures of development than did children living in c mutinously intact families. Research also shows increased likelihood of delinquency; acting out I n school or dropping out entirely; teen pregnancy: mentholated problems, including sushi e; and idleness (no work and no school) as a young adult. Married parents have an easier Tim e being better parents.

They spend more time with their children, set clear rules and consent ounces, talk with their children more often and engage them in backhander’s dialogue, and pro vide experiences for them that are likely to boost their development. All these aspects of parent ting minimize the kinds of behavioral issues that are more commonly seen among the children of single parents. In a policy brief, the Washington’s Institute for Marriage and Public Policy 10 eked at 23 studies dealing with family structure and youth crime.

In 19 of the 20 studies t hat found family Structure to have an effect, children from intact or single parent families h ad a higher rate of crime or delinquency. Abuse, behavioral problems and psychological issues of all kinds, such as dive elemental behavior problems or concentration issues, are less common for children of married couples than for cohabiting or single parents, according to a 2003 Centers for Disease Count roll study of children’s health. More than of children in singletree families live in pop every longer, compared with 2% of those raised in tapering families, according to educate monopoly analyst

Mitch Pearlstine 2011 book “From Family Collapse to America’s Decline. ” AC Roding to the Census Bureau, in 2012 the poverty rate among children living with only their mother was 47. 2%; by contrast, the poverty rate among children living with their married parents was 11. 1%, meaning that a child living with a single mother was almost five times as likely to be poor as a child living with married parents. “We could reduce poverty by close to 30 pee recent, without spending any more government money, if we had the marriage rate that we h ad in sass” said co.

Director Of Center on Children and Family Ron Haskins. With all these disadvantages towards singletrees, the United States govern meet along with other foundations provide some help towards those who need it. Govern meet attempts, reducing normality births, boosting marriage, helping young men become m ore marriageable, and helping single mothers improve their and their children’s lives. The Obama a administration has implemented two prevention initiatives that support model programs that t have shown strong evidence of success in reducing sexual activity or pregnancy rates among teen s.

About 200 local programs are now operating under these new funding sources, and the admit castration has created a plan for evaluating the local programs. There are also a handful of national organizations, such as the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, which a re trying to keep the nation’s attention focused on prevention programs and are using social m Edie to reach teens directly. While the federal government provides some childcare subsidies for lowing me parents, they reach only a fraction of those eligible and the Coplay can consume a sign efficient chunk of a family income.

The united States does allow for single annual payments to many lonesome implies, through the Earned Income Tax Credit and Child Tax Credit, provided that they have earned income. If a single mother in the United States loses her job, she will if ND an unemployment insurance (LSI) system that is less generous and difficult to qua life for, oppose to other developed countries. However, because single mothers so often work in logway jobs benefits are often meager because the average benefit is half their prior earn nags.

Further, single mothers in the United States are less likely to qualify for any benefits at all. T heir logway work often doesn’t meet minimum earnings requirements, and leaving a job f r childcare reasons disqualifies a worker from receiving benefits in some states. Finally, there are the “social assistance programs” that “provide benefits to the SSE whose income from other sources falls below a standard of minimum adequacy. ” HTH s includes cash welfare, the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TAN) block grant and food stamps (SNAP).

Prior to welfare reform in 1996, for every 100 families with children live inning in poverty, eyesight received cash assistance. But by 2010 that ratio dropped to just tweet nth families. In a majority of states, the benefit levels have fallen below 30 percent of the official I poverty line. So less than $6,000 for a family of three. After conducting an interview with four individuals who have experienced sin parenting, three of which currently are single parents and one who was a sing lee parent for many years but now cohabits with a boyfriend, the findings are conclusive to arrears chi found.

Those conducted in the interview consist of a Black singletree of 3, a Black single mother Of 2, a White singletree of 1, and a Hispanic mother of 3 who currently cohabits. All of the participants work on average 40 hours or more per week to support their fame ill. All of the single parents causes were of divorce. Majority of the interviewees have been with t heir employer for over 1 0 years, with the exception of one who was only with her employer for 2 years. Half of the interviewees found themselves vulnerable to poverty. All interviewees found I t difficult balancing work, child’s schooling, and being a parent.

Half Of the singletree s found time for responsibilities to be the most difficult, while the other half found it to be final uncial difficulties. The lowest income interviewee was the black mother of 3, who had an annum I income of $20,001$30,000. She became a single parent at the early age of 21, and stated hat if she knew she would end up as a single parent in the situation that she IS in, she would have never had kids in the first place. She works fulfillment, 40 hours a week, as a customer service r preventative living paycheck to paycheck.

She found herself very vulnerable to poverty as well as social and psychological issues. She lacked both childcare and health insurance because of the cost being so high and out of her budget. She stated how she had to work as both the moth ere and the father, but also believes her children are missing out on something parental wise with lack k of a second parent. The black mother of 3 also believed that she exposed her children to s tress through their lifestyle, but does not believe that have been affected academically. Also she r ported that she does not get any financial assistance from any sources.

The second interviewee was the white male who had his only child at age 35. He the highest annual income of all interviewees, which coincided with our research findings that single fathers typically earn more than single mothers. He reported an annual Inc me of $50,001 $60,000, twice as much as the first interviewee, yet still reported he ex perceived financial burdens. He still interacts with the mother as their child’s goes back a ND forth between the 2 of them and they both show up to school, softball and dance functions t hat allow parents to be apart of.

The single father also reported he got help from his parents forth e apartment he currently lives in, and thinks that his daughter would have benefited more fro m a traditional family. If his daughter wins a trophy for softball she has to decide whether it will be in her room at “mommy’s house or daddy’s house. ” The daughter also has to split time bet when the both families during the holiday, although this year for Thanksgiving they will all cell berate it together to satisfy the daughter.

He also does not believe the divorce has affected his daughters academics, believes this because of the age she was at when it happened (five years old. ) He reported to get a lot of support from his family and believe there are many oh t there who have it worse off and don’t have the support he has. We asked if he thought his divot CE would affect his daughters future relationships and has this to say; “l worry about that a little. As she gets older I hope she can understand that marriage is important and not something you c an just give up on cause mommy and daddy didn’t stay married.

Times have obviously change De since was a kid as more than half of marriages end in divorce. Hopefully since it happened so young she’ll be fine in the future. ” The third interviewee was the Hispanic mother of 3 who now cohabits with a boyfriend. Her annual earnings were off of her fulfillment job as a Dispatcher. She was 23 years old when she had her first child. She feels that being a single e parent has not affected her financial or her kids. She imposes that the impact it has made on her is the time it consumes for her to do all responsibilities.

She also does not believe that her divorce would negatively impact her children’s future relationships. She described her house hold as a “normal American family,” possibly because it being the most increasing family houses old. She did not get any financial support from government programs or third parties. Her ma irrigate before the divorce was abusive and this is why she found it more of a benefit towards he resell and her children. The last interviewee was a black singletree of 2, with an income of $40,001 $50,000, significantly higher than our first interviewee with 3 children.