A lot of great Spartan battles happened in their history. Their actions at the Attlee of Thermopile in particular have a place in the modern culture and it is perhaps the most famous last stand in history. The Spartan also had a number of land victories in the Corinthian War. In their military beliefs, no soldier was considered superior to another going into battle.
The primary weapon that they carried into war was a spear called a odor, which was 7-9 feet long. Also carried a short sword called siphon, which was 2 feet long that was used for slashing.Another secondary weapon called the Kopi, which is a short sword.
All soldiers had a bronze shield, with bronze helmet, breastplate ND ankle guards. “Spartan warriors were also known for their long hair and red cloaks “(Spartan Military). The movie ‘300” made them famous for wearing the long hair, six packs, and red cloaks. Most of the time, Spartan were working on having a better military. The only job an adult male can have is a Spartan soldier. Their motto for living is to defend and honor their home state. The life of a male in Sparta in very basic and controlled.
Training was the biggest part of the male lifestyle. They began training at the age of seven. Once seven, the male children had to live together in a group called an agog.
In there, they learned to fight, steal and survival tactics. “They were subjected to continual physical competitions and expected to become skilled at stealing food, among other survival skills” (history. Com). They needed all of this training because this is what they will do for the rest of their lives. At age 20, they became a full-time soldier.
The male adult life was all about the military.After 20, everyday had training of some sort to get ready for a war at any second. They would be a Spartan warrior until they retire, or could not carry on their duties as warrior.
Ata later age, the men have to retire from the litany. They can then possibly be eligible to join the Council of Elders, who proposed laws and decided court cases. Also they could join the Spartan Assembly, representing all male citizens.
Woman of Sparta on the other hand, were had a different lifestyle. The life of a woman in Sparta had a complete opposite life of the male.The women get a different kind of education. In school, they learn about myths, poetry and philosophy. Also, they participate in athletic training. The men wanted strong, fast woman to marry so they stayed physically fit through hard work, athletics and exercises. The athletic intentions included javelin, wrestling and dancing competitively.
“Spartan women have therefore been both admired and vilified from ancient times to the present” (Spartan Woman). They were admired for being able to have some sort of education, when every other society wouldn’t let woman have an education, and own property.The woman had to manage their property while the men were gone.
They don’t have an exciting life at home. They filled their time at home with domestic responsibilities they have to tend to such as making clothes, cooking and cleaning. Their life changes when the men are one. They had to take over all the men’s belongings and the house. During their down time, they would go to sporting events such as owning horses to run in the Olympic Games. Marriage is a huge deal in Sparta.
The normal would be to get married before they turn 20.If they did not, then they are in great shame and sometimes get shunned. There were usually two types of marriages in Sparta.
The fast men married the fast woman and the strong men married the strong woman. A lot of unusually rituals happened before and after the wedding. Women shave their head and keep it short after. “After arraign, husband and wives were kept separate” (World History). Since the men in were not allowed to see their wives, men snuck out of the barracks to see their Woman while in training. The Spartan society is unlike any other Of its time.
Kind of like the U. S. A. , Sparta had 3 types of classes. One was the Spartan, who were full citizens. Another was the helots, who were slaves. “The Spartan way of life would not have been possible without the Helots” (Athens and Spartan).
They handled all the everyday tasks to keep the society functioning. The last is the periodic, who were neither slaves nor citizens. They were craftsmen, traders and built weapons for Spartan. The most important thing that a Spartan has is loyalty to its home state. If they did not obey that, they would be killed or shunned.
Also loyalty to the state comes first, even before their own family. That is why the babies of Sparta have to be perfect to live in Sparta. If not perfect, they will be thrown off a cliff or another way of death. Also the babies were raised by nurses, not by mother.
Leonia was the best known leader of the Spartan warriors. “According to Herodotus, Leonia was descended from Harasses. His father was King Anastasia” World History).
If he was descended from Harasses, then they believed he was part god, and trusted him with the army.