Strategies foundational elements of any organizations are

Strategies ought to be both emergent and deliberate,
and the companies should be able to adapt both and depending upon the
circumstances which option to choose. These can be learned by paying attention
what are the needs and wants of the customers and how that can be fulfilled.
When it comes to strategic planning to work, it is the top level managers who
are responsible for planning not only for the current competitive market but
also for the future scenario.  Strategic
planning is the procedure of developing the direction and the action plan to
reach the desired goals of the company. There are key elements of any strategic
planning process such as: (i) building up an understanding of what is the
vision, mission and values of the company; (ii) a present state evaluation of
the most significant external and internal factors influencing the organization
that will contribute to well- versed selection for the strategic planning
process. The foundational elements of any organizations are vision, mission and
values which are very important part of any strategic planning process. A well-
defined mission and vision gives a clear direction and focus for any company.
For any company the strategic planning enables them for setting the priorities,
align employees and allocate resources with the company’s vision and mission
and it reduces the haziness any gives clarity and right direction to reach the
desired goals.

There are many associations
that invest their most of the time and energy in responding to the unexpected
change instead of looking at it and anticipating and making the mind aware of
these changes. This may be known as Crisis management. There are many
organizations who spend their time and energy in those situations which are
actually no-win situations. Organizations use most of the time and energy in
adapting to prompt issues with little energy left with the company to take up
and prepare the next challenge. This brutal cycle locks numerous association
into a reactive stance. It doesn’t need to be in that way. An option which is
quite used and well tested process which is called strategic planning which
gives an option which is more practical.

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Strategic planning is very important for
any organization to reach to the desired goals. It is a procedure which is undertaken
by an organization to build up a plan so that the company can achieve all their
long term goals what are been forecasted. Strategic planning is a procedure
that is done by following series of steps with some objectives which a desired
by the company and the end results that can be evaluated and implemented.
Basically, it is procedure by which one can forecast the future, illustrate the
picture of that trends which will be followed in future by seeing the current
trends and impact the forces and powers that will influence a company. It is
basically planning for the future the looks for three to five years ahead. It appraises the maximum potential of
the business and unambiguously
links the objective decided within the company to the activity and resources
that are required to accomplish them. It offers a precise procedure to ask and
answer the most acute questions to the managerial teams- especially to the
large. Irreversible resource commitment decisions. A standout amongst the most
essential aspects of starting and managing a business is planning the company’s
mission and vision goals.

Kedai Papa Liem restaurant the first branch was opened
in November 2013. The response from the market that they received was quiet
good. Kedai Papa Liem was positioned as a breakfast place for dining in around
the residency named Setra Duta, since there were no other café shops or
restaurants opening at that particular time near the residency they were the
one to get most of the customers from. The awareness of the market of Kedai Papa
Liem was still very low amongst the people living in that city, it would be
noticed through the social media that the crowd that is dinning in the
restaurant is only the friends and family of the owner. Moreover, they had to put
a little extra effort to the gain the popularity amongst the people who all the
other restaurants have; to add a little extra more than the breakfast menu for
the growth their business. Kedai Papa Liem needs to get more customers from the
area where they are situated to expand their businesses also. The location
where the restaurant is located is perfect for them, considering their main
customers where coming for the residency located nearby. The restaurant is
quiet good and comfortable, it is big enough for customers to come in group and
dine in the restaurant. 

There were some circumstances during mid-January 2014
that was faced by Kedai Papa Liem which did not allow them to grow. The market
began to get flooded with many other restaurants that were opened in that area.
Those restaurants which were opening in the area where the Kedai Papa Liem was
situated, so it attracted many customers that were visiting Kedai Papa Liem, so
it attracted many people who were first dining in the restaurants, the main customers
Kedai Papa Liem use to get from the Setra Duta Resident, now these customers
were the first one to visit the other restaurants open in that area. The major
issue that was experienced y them were the internal factor, which was the bad
business process and the human resource management and the other factors where
the restaurants which were in the competition with them in the city.

Porter has acknowledged five competitive forces that shape
each and every industry, and market too. These forces determine that how is the
intensity of the competition, and henceforth the benefits and profitability and
attractiveness that the industry is getting. The target by this should be to
enhance the competitive forces in such a way that it improves the position of
the company. Porter’s model sustained the analysis of the driving in every
industry.  Those threats were threat of
entering of new participant, risk of substitutes, bargaining power of the
customers, bargaining powers of the supplier and competition amongst the

Bargaining power
of the Kedai Papa Liem was viewed very high because there were a good variety
of food and beverage out there that could swap the unique food and the available
herbal beverages in the Kedai Papa Liem restaurant. The bargaining power of the
suppliers were not high the materials that were provided by them not rare and
the suppliers were able to replace it and the cost of switching was also not
really very high. The growth of the cafes and the restaurants industry in the
Bandung city was very quiet good and high. There were many restaurants and
cafes opening there with new and different concepts and themes that attracted a
lot of the customers out there. It was easy for the customers who were visiting
Kedai Papa Liem to find a new place for having breakfast and which will give
them a new experience and the cost which might be much lower than the Kedai
Papa Liem restaurant. The conditions for substitute for the restaurant Kedai
Papa Liem was considered medium as no other restaurant was opening at that time
when this restaurant was opening. The condition of the economy in the city of
Bandung increased every year that made the opportunity for many people to bring
up their start-ups in the sector of food and beverage, this made many people
try to open their restaurants which definitely increased the threats for the restaurant.



This part would
examine the factors which are influencing the business from the outside of the
company. External factors was shaped by the society for each and every company
that brought and lot of change that influenced the industry’s working culture
and in its growth too. It originated from the society, government involvement in
the business and the general environment. Social factors in the industry like restaurant
were linked in the pattern of lifestyle, behavior and tastes. In the case of
Kedai Papa Liem there was a changed observed in the people’s behavior in having
breakfast that created a trend that would attract people to come and dine
there.  Economy in Bandung showed a great
boom in the year 2010-2012 and a significant growth. This showed that the
people living in Bandung had an expansion in their income since 2010. By this
economic change that was there in the city give a great opportunity to the
Kedai Papa Liem to gain a good market from the people. The tools that were
brought into the restaurant were of new technology which was a critical factor
for supporting it and which brought some innovation in the dishes they produce.
These tools used to get a good result in the taste, texture, and shape and
created efficiency in cost and time for the production. There were some rules
and regulations that should be followed in the opening of a restaurant; the
government that is ruling regulates the obligations and the rights of the owner
as well as the employees.

The main target
of the Kedai Papa Liem restaurant was to satisfy the customers who are dining
there with a good quality of food, beverages and a good place where people can
gather and enjoy their food with family and friends. The main aim of their restaurant
was to be the best place for breakfast for people who are dining there so that
the people doesn’t need to search for the kind of food and service they are
expecting to get. To achieve that the restaurant opened early in the morning
and provide a good and full service to the guest which are dining there. One thing
that is followed by the restaurant and they made this one of their priority
that everything should be done so that the customers who are dining are
satisfied with the quality of the service.  

Internal factors are
designed by the weakness and the strengths of the particular company that shows
certain profits and loss in satisfying the needs and wants of the targeted
market. Kedai Papa Liem’s location was strategic the target market for them was
the Setra Duta residency near their restaurant. They seek out the most potential
of the location, as that area is good for lodging for high class and middle
class people as the area lacks a good restaurant or café near the residency. The
concept of the restaurant was designed like an old Chinese style bar that was a
combination with the current theme to attract the customers. Compared with
their position, Kedai Papa Liem is one of casual dining restaurant that
provides all the meals starting from the breakfast, they especially open their restaurants
early in the morning so that the customers should get a good meal to start on
for the day with. The most important part that gives competition to the other
cafes and restaurants is their food and beverages which they are serving. Having
good equipment to work on they still take a lot of time to serve the food to
the guests in spite of that the taste of the dish they are producing is quite