One of the most controversial topics in our society today is surrogacy; some states have made it illegal while others strongly feel it is okay. So is it right or wrong? The answer is simple. “Surrogacy, as a family-building option, implicates both the right of privacy and procreative freedom” (McFall and Kalikow 208). Although surrogacy is commonly seen as immoral and wrong, women who are unable to have children should be entitled to a surrogate carrier.
Infertility is the leading reasons for surrogacy being a woman’s choice. “Women or couples who choose surrogacy often do so because they are unable to conceive due to a missing or abnormal uterus, have experienced multiple pregnancy losses, or have had multiple in vitro fertilization attempts that have failed” (Rogers). Infertility affects approximately 6. 1 million American couples, which is about 10 percent of Americans (Fertility FAQ).
The psychological and emotional consequences can be devastating, and infertility can consume those afflicted by it” (Kalikow 208). For all these infertile women, having a surrogate mother, or “gestational carrier,” is their best option since there are many limitations with adoptions, such as age restrictions, costs, and limited number of adoptable children, especially healthy newborns (Kalikow 208). In Bree Ruzzi’s case, she was unable to have a baby due to her upcoming treatment of chemotherapy and turned to her own gestational carrier.
Although surrogacy has had bad rumors, it offers one method of achieving parenthood to couples or women who could never have a baby by any other means. Gestational means the baby is biologically the woman or the couple’s. “Undeniably, few couples of the fertile world would choose to forego having their own genetic offspring” (Kalikow 208). The great truth about gestational carriers is that their baby is actually created from the woman or couple; the woman’s egg and the man’s sperm.
A number of senators from Pennsylvania even co-sponsored a surrogate parenting bill saying, “…an individual’s decision regarding whether or not to bear or beget a child falls with the constitutionally protected right of privacy, and, therefore, the Commonwealth may not prohibit the practice of surrogate parenting or enact regulations that would have the effect of prohibiting the practice” (Kalikow 208). So, who is the actual mother?
Since there are no genetic ties between the baby and the carrier, the child is legally and genetically the woman or couple’s. Besides infertility and natural rights, another pending issue with surrogacy is whether it is reliable and “legal. ” The women who choose to carry the baby, as well as the couple or woman hoping to use surrogacy, must go through months of extensive psychological evaluations and other medical tests, examinations, interviews, and attorney arrangements (Perkins).
These surrogacy arrangements can be made through agencies and/or are contracted privately. In an interview with Bree Ruzzi, she stated that she found her gestational carrier through a reproduction agency, and had a 45 page contract written up stating who had rights to make certain decisions. In the end, the carrier can not choose to suddenly keep the baby because it is legally the genetic parents. Surrogacy can definitely be a big decision in one’s life, but it will also be a dependable one.
In fact, most women don’t even do it for the money, but simply just because they love being pregnant and would enjoy helping someone who doesn’t have the blessing to give birth to their own baby. Does that really sound so bad?
“Fertility FAQ : American Pregnancy Association. ” Promoting Pregnancy Wellness : American Pregnancy Association. American Pregnancy Association, June 2007. Web. 08 Dec. 2010. . McFall, Sally, and Lawrence A. Kalikow. Individual and Society.
Danbury, CT: Grolier Educational, 2002. Print. Perkins, Rayven. “Why Do Women Become Surrogate Mothers? ” EzineArticles Submission Submit Your Best Quality Original Articles For Massive Exposure, Ezine Publishers Get 25 Free Article Reprints. 15 Apr. 2008. Web. 07 Dec. 2010. . Rogers, Cathy. “What Is Surrogacy? ” WiseGEEK: Clear Answers for Common Questions. Ed. Niki Foster. 8 Sept. 2010. Web. 07 Dec. 2010. . Ruzzi, Bree. Personal Interview. 1, December 2010. 13, December 2010.