SUSTAINABLERURAL DEVELOPMENT THROUGH SAANSAD ADARSHGRAM YOJANA*BhushanKumar C A, Assistant Professor, Department of social work, Vidyavahini College,Tumakuru.** Dr.
Parashurama K G, AssociateProfessor and Chairman, Department of Studies and Research In Social Work,Tumkur University, Tumakuru. AbstractLack of shared vision of rural developmentover a longer period, Mismatch between development inputs delivered and the genuineneeds of the community, Disregard of socio-cultural values of differentsections of the community, Ignoring environmental concerns for immediate gains,Prevalence of social evils had made our villages underdeveloped. In such a situation,SaansadAdarsh Gram Yojana is an integrated approach which converts underdevelopedvillage into a model village. This paper is an attempt to study the impactof SaansadAdarsh Gram Yojana on Sustainable rural development. Introduction:Indiais a classical land of villages. Villages constitute the backbone of thecountry.
Villages continue to contribute 40% of our national income. Villagesplay a vital role in the life of the nation. If villages grow and develop, thecountry shall automatically develop. Dueto globalization villages have lost their self-reliance and phase ofdevelopment. Globalization impact will not only mismatch the development ofvillages but also economic structure of the villages and their social fabric isdisturbed.Sustainablerural development has been receiving increasing attention of the governmentsacross the world.
In the Indian context rural development assumes specialsignificance for two important reasons. First about two thirds of thepopulation still lives in villages and there cannot be any progress so long asrural areas remain backward. Second, the backwardness of the rural sector wouldbe a major impediment to the overall progress of the economy.Developmentis a perpetual process enabling human to expand and realize theirpotentialities to achieve a greater, better fuller state of living. Sustainablerural development as an integral part of country’s socio-economic developmenthas been recognizes as a sine qua non. The goal of sustainable ruraldevelopment is the enrichment of the quality of human life in rural areas accompaniedby bridging the rural-urban gap through the provision of all amenities.
Sustainabledevelopment is the concept of millennium development goals, since governmenthas taken initiative to work on sustainable development the present ongoingprogramme is Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana working effectively to mainstreamingthe concept of sustainable rural development.Sustainable Rural Development:The sustainable rural development is basicallythe development which meets the need of present generation of rural peoplewithout compromising the capacity of future generations to fulfill their ownneeds. This entails sustained efforts to raise the quality of life of ruralpeople.
Huge efforts are being made in India and so also other developingcountries to develop their rural areas in order to reduce Urban-Rural divide bycreating conducive environment for resource development and utilization throughupgrading knowledge and skills of the people to make the best use of availableresources. Improving the quality of life for the ruralpoor by developing capacities that promote community participation, health andeducation, food security, environmental protection and sustainable economicgrowth, thereby enabling community members to leave the cycle of poverty andachieve their full potential.Sustainable rural development is generallyrecognized as the product of those human activities that use the resources ofrural territories to increase welfare.
Development can be considered assustainable if it meets the needs of the present generation withoutcompromising the ability of future generations.To be socially sustainable, development mustdeliver material well-being, including good health, education, and access tothe goods and services necessary for decent living; and social, cultural andpolitical achievements, such as a sense of security, dignity, and the abilityto be part of a community through recognition and representation. All of theseare inseparable from the environmental resources necessary to sustain life, healthand well-being.Gapsof Sustainable Rural Development:1) Lack of shared vision of development over alonger period.2) Mismatch between development inputs deliveredand the genuine needs of the community.
3) Lack of participation of all sections ofsociety.4) Lack of infrastructure and expenditureignoring the social aspects and sustainable outcomes.5) Unfair decisions regarding allocation ofbenefits to locations and households leading to alienation.6) Political partisanship – perceived and real.7) Disregard of socio-cultural values ofdifferent sections of the community.8) Ignoring environmental concerns for immediategains.
9) Prevalence of social evils like drinking,dowry, casteism, communalism and discrimination against women. Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana AndSustainable Rural developmentSaansadAdarsh Gram Yojana was launched on October 11, 2014. It is a scheme that wouldopen the door for good politics, and inviting all MPs to select a village todevelop on a demand- driven, rather than a supply-driven model, with people’sparticipation. It is a sustainable rural development programme broadly focusingupon the development in the villages which includes overall development of thevillages like socially, economically and cultural development and spreadmotivation among the people on social mobilization of the village community.The Yojana aims to keep the soul of rural India alive while providing itspeople with quality access to basic amenities and opportunities to enable themto sharp their own destiny.
Objectives of SaansadAdarsh Gram Yojana:The main objectives of Saansad Adarsh GramYojana in building of sustainable rural development.Those are1) To trigger processes which lead to holistic development of theidentified Gram Panchayats2) To substantially improve the standard of living and quality oflife of all sections of the population through – a) Improved basic amenities b) Higher productivity c) Enhanced human development d) Better livelihood opportunities e) Reduceddisparities f) Access to rights and entitlements g) Wider social mobilization h) Enriched social capital3) To generate models of local level development and effectivelocal governance which can motivate and inspire neighboring Gram Panchayats tolearn and adapt.4) To nurture the identified Adarsh Grams as schools of localdevelopment to train other Gram Panchayats.Selection of villagefor Development: This Yojana stipulates that every Member ofParliament (M P) shall adopt one village of his/her parliamentary constituencyas a Model Village for developing it within one year. The MP would be free toidentify a suitable Gram Panchayat for being developed as Adarsh Gram, otherthan his/her own village or that of his/her spouse. The MP will identify oneGram Panchayat to be taken up immediately, and two others to be taken up alittle later. Lok Sabha MP has to choose a Gram Panchayat from within his/herconstituency and Rajya Sabha MP a Gram Panchayat from the rural area of adistrict of his/her choice in the State from which he/she is elected. NominatedMPs may choose a Gram Panchayat from the rural area of any district in thecountry.
In the case of urban constituencies, (where there are no GramPanchayats), the MP will identify a Gram Panchayat from a nearby ruralconstituency. Primarily, the goal is to develop three Adarsh Grams by March 2019,of which one would be achieved by 2016. Thereafter, five such AdarshGrams (oneper year) will be selected and developed by 2024.
Strategy forSustainable rural development:Inorder to convert the identified village into an Adarsh Gram through thespecified Activities, the following are the possible strategies:Ø Entrypoint activities to energize and mobilize the community towards positive commonaction.Ø Participatoryplanning activities for identifying peoples’ needs and priorities in anintegrated manner.Ø Convergingresources from Centrally Sponsored Schemes and also other State schemes to thepossible extent.Ø Repairingand renovating existing infrastructure to the possible extent.Ø Strengtheningthe local self governmentØ Promotingtransparency and accountability.
Key aspects of Saansad Adarsh GramYojana for SustainableRural Development:• Personal Development : MoralValues , hygienic behavior, daily exercises, free from alcoholism, dignity oflabour and promoting volunteerism, respect for women • Human Development :Universal access to health, balanced sex ratio, no malnutrition, universalprimary education and retention of all until class X, smart school, IT enabledclass rooms, e-Libraries, e literacy• Social development:Volunteerism, honoring village elders, village freedom fighters, violence andcrime free village, integrating socially excluded groups like SC/ST• Economic development: Diversifiedagriculture, dairy and livestock, organic farming, soil health cards,micro-irrigation, rural industrialization, post harvesting technology, foodprocessing, village & eco-tourism• Environment sustainability : Treeplantation, rainwater harvesting, watershed development, toilet in eachhousehold• Basic Amenities : Clean drinking water, road connectivity tomain road, electric connection to all homes with 24/7 power, broad bandconnectivity, mini-bank with ATM• Good Governance : E-governance,online certificates, election by consensus Adopted Villages in Karnataka underSaansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (2015) SI NO Revenue Division District Villages adopted 1 Bengaluru Bengaluru Urban Ragihalli Bengaluru Rural Agalakuppe, Jalige Davanagere Mustur Kolar GuttaKamadenahally Shivamogga Thammadihalli Tumakuru Chikkadaalavatta, Madikehalli,Hebbur 2 Kalaburgi Kalaburgi Kukkunda Bidar Gorta B Ballari Thambralli Raichur R.H Colony, Jagir Venkatapur Yadgiri Konkal 3 Mysuru Mysuru Karimuddana halli, D. B Kuppe Chikkamangaluru Daradahalli Dakshina kannada Balpa Hassan Channangihalli Udupi Keradi, Shiruru 4 Belagavi Belagavi Janwad, Muthnal, Shivarawad Bagalkote Cholachgud Vijayapura Makhanapur Dharwad Harobelawadi Gadag Yalavatti Uttara Kannada Kangod Total 30 Outcomes of Saansad Adarsh GramYojana for SustainableRural Development:SaansadAdarsh Gram Yojana is unique and transformative as holistic approach towardsdevelopment. It envisages integrated development of the selected village acrossmultiple areas such as agriculture, health, education, sanitation, environment,livelihoods etc. Far beyond mere infrastructuredevelopment, Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana aims at instilling certain values suchas people’s participation, anthyodaya, gender equity, dignity of women, socialjustice, spirit of community service, cleanliness, eco-friendliness,maintaining ecological balance, peaceand harmony, mutual cooperation, self-reliance, local self government,transparency and accountability in public life, etc., in the villages and theirpeople so that they get transformed into models for others. Expected outcomes of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojanafor sustainable rural development are listed below.· ProgressivePeople’s active participation· Increasedlivelihoods/employment opportunities· Freedomfrom bonded labour, child labour and manual scavenging· 100%registration of deaths and births· Educationfor all· Reductionin violence against women· Opendefecation free village· Empowermentof women· Reductionin distress migration· Financialinclusion for all· Bridgingthe digital divide through digital literacy· Deeperlocal democracy· Evolutionof alternate dispute resolution system acceptable to all sections of thecommunity· Peaceand Harmony· Networkingwith other institutions and departments· EnvironmentProtection· Demonstrationeffect on other Gram Panchayats· Increasein awareness, knowledge and opportunities for self-expression Conclusion:TheSaansad Adarsh Gram Yojana will keep the soul of rural India alive by providingbasic amenities, rural infrastructure includes personal and civic.
This yojanamay tap the resources and strengths the private, voluntary, co-operative sectorsfor planning, implementing, monitoring and quality assurance in rural life.Theproposed Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana will bridge the gap of development. Theinitiatives of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana may assure about human,socio-economic development, focusing on clean village, rural industrialization,skill development and financial inclusion. It may also play a significant rolein sustainable rural development.
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