SUSTAINABLE villages grow and develop, the country

SUSTAINABLE
RURAL DEVELOPMENT

THROUGH

                                 SAANSAD ADARSH
GRAM YOJANA

*Bhushan
Kumar C A, Assistant Professor, Department of social work, Vidyavahini College,
Tumakuru.

** Dr.Parashurama K G, Associate
Professor and Chairman, Department of Studies and Research In Social Work,
Tumkur University, Tumakuru.

 

Abstract

Lack of shared vision of rural development
over a longer period, Mismatch between development inputs delivered and the genuine
needs of the community, Disregard of socio-cultural values of different
sections of the community, Ignoring environmental concerns for immediate gains,
Prevalence of social evils had made our villages underdeveloped. In such a situation,
Saansad
Adarsh Gram Yojana is an integrated approach which converts underdeveloped
village into a model village.  This paper is an attempt to study the impact
of Saansad
Adarsh Gram Yojana on Sustainable rural development.

 

Introduction:

India
is a classical land of villages. Villages constitute the backbone of the
country. Villages continue to contribute 40% of our national income. Villages
play a vital role in the life of the nation. If villages grow and develop, the
country shall automatically develop.  Due
to globalization villages have lost their self-reliance and phase of
development. Globalization impact will not only mismatch the development of
villages but also economic structure of the villages and their social fabric is
disturbed.

Sustainable
rural development has been receiving increasing attention of the governments
across the world. In the Indian context rural development assumes special
significance for two important reasons. First about two thirds of the
population still lives in villages and there cannot be any progress so long as
rural areas remain backward. Second, the backwardness of the rural sector would
be a major impediment to the overall progress of the economy.

Development
is a perpetual process enabling human to expand and realize their
potentialities to achieve a greater, better fuller state of living. Sustainable
rural development as an integral part of country’s socio-economic development
has been recognizes as a sine qua non. The goal of sustainable rural
development is the enrichment of the quality of human life in rural areas accompanied
by bridging the rural-urban gap through the provision of all amenities.

Sustainable
development is the concept of millennium development goals, since government
has taken initiative to work on sustainable development the present ongoing
programme is Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana working effectively to mainstreaming
the concept of sustainable rural development.

Sustainable Rural Development:

The sustainable rural development is basically
the development which meets the need of present generation of rural people
without compromising the capacity of future generations to fulfill their own
needs. This entails sustained efforts to raise the quality of life of rural
people. Huge efforts are being made in India and so also other developing
countries to develop their rural areas in order to reduce Urban-Rural divide by
creating conducive environment for resource development and utilization through
upgrading knowledge and skills of the people to make the best use of available
resources. 

Improving the quality of life for the rural
poor by developing capacities that promote community participation, health and
education, food security, environmental protection and sustainable economic
growth, thereby enabling community members to leave the cycle of poverty and
achieve their full potential.

Sustainable rural development is generally
recognized as the product of those human activities that use the resources of
rural territories to increase welfare. Development can be considered as
sustainable if it meets the needs of the present generation without
compromising the ability of future generations.

To be socially sustainable, development must
deliver material well-being, including good health, education, and access to
the goods and services necessary for decent living; and social, cultural and
political achievements, such as a sense of security, dignity, and the ability
to be part of a community through recognition and representation. All of these
are inseparable from the environmental resources necessary to sustain life, health
and well-being.

Gaps
of Sustainable Rural Development:

1)      Lack of shared vision of development over a
longer period.

2)      Mismatch between development inputs delivered
and the genuine needs of the community.

3)      Lack of participation of all sections of
society.

4)      Lack of infrastructure and expenditure
ignoring the social aspects and sustainable outcomes.

5)      Unfair decisions regarding allocation of
benefits to locations and households leading to alienation.

6)      Political partisanship – perceived and real.

7)      Disregard of socio-cultural values of
different sections of the community.

8)      Ignoring environmental concerns for immediate
gains.

9)      Prevalence of social evils like drinking,
dowry, casteism, communalism and discrimination against women.

 

Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana And
Sustainable Rural development

Saansad
Adarsh Gram Yojana was launched on October 11, 2014. It is a scheme that would
open the door for good politics, and inviting all MPs to select a village to
develop on a demand- driven, rather than a supply-driven model, with people’s
participation. It is a sustainable rural development programme broadly focusing
upon the development in the villages which includes overall development of the
villages like socially, economically and cultural development and spread
motivation among the people on social mobilization of the village community.
The Yojana aims to keep the soul of rural India alive while providing its
people with quality access to basic amenities and opportunities to enable them
to sharp their own destiny.

 

 

Objectives of Saansad
Adarsh Gram Yojana:

The main objectives of Saansad Adarsh Gram
Yojana in building of sustainable rural development.
Those are

1) To trigger processes which lead to holistic development of the
identified Gram Panchayats

2) To substantially improve the standard of living and quality of
life of all sections of the population through –

        a)    Improved basic amenities

        b)    Higher productivity

        c)    Enhanced human development

        d)   Better livelihood opportunities

        e)    Reduced
disparities

         f)   Access to rights and entitlements

         g)   Wider social mobilization

         h)   Enriched social capital

3) To generate models of local level development and effective
local governance which can motivate and inspire neighboring Gram Panchayats to
learn and adapt.

4) To nurture the identified Adarsh Grams as schools of local
development to train other Gram Panchayats.

Selection of village
for Development:

 This Yojana stipulates that every Member of
Parliament (M P) shall adopt one village of his/her parliamentary constituency
as a Model Village for developing it within one year. The MP would be free to
identify a suitable Gram Panchayat for being developed as Adarsh Gram, other
than his/her own village or that of his/her spouse. The MP will identify one
Gram Panchayat to be taken up immediately, and two others to be taken up a
little later. Lok Sabha MP has to choose a Gram Panchayat from within his/her
constituency and Rajya Sabha MP a Gram Panchayat from the rural area of a
district of his/her choice in the State from which he/she is elected. Nominated
MPs may choose a Gram Panchayat from the rural area of any district in the
country. In the case of urban constituencies, (where there are no Gram
Panchayats), the MP will identify a Gram Panchayat from a nearby rural
constituency. Primarily, the goal is to develop three Adarsh Grams by March 2019,
of which one would be achieved by 2016. Thereafter, five such AdarshGrams (one
per year) will be selected and developed by 2024.

Strategy for
Sustainable rural development:

In
order to convert the identified village into an Adarsh Gram through the
specified Activities, the following are the possible strategies:

Ø  Entry
point activities to energize and mobilize the community towards positive common
action.

Ø  Participatory
planning activities for identifying peoples’ needs and priorities in an
integrated manner.

Ø  Converging
resources from Centrally Sponsored Schemes and also other State schemes to the
possible extent.

Ø  Repairing
and renovating existing infrastructure to the possible extent.

Ø  Strengthening
the local self government

Ø  Promoting
transparency and accountability.

 

Key aspects of Saansad Adarsh Gram
Yojana for Sustainable
Rural Development:

•     
Personal Development : Moral
Values , hygienic behavior, daily exercises, free from alcoholism, dignity of
labour and promoting volunteerism, respect for women

•     
Human Development :
Universal access to health, balanced sex ratio, no malnutrition, universal
primary education and retention of all until class X, smart school, IT enabled
class rooms, e-Libraries, e literacy

•     
Social development:
Volunteerism, honoring village elders, village freedom fighters, violence and
crime free village, integrating socially excluded groups like SC/ST

•     
Economic development: Diversified
agriculture, dairy and livestock, organic farming, soil health cards,
micro-irrigation, rural industrialization, post harvesting technology, food
processing, village & eco-tourism

•     
Environment sustainability : Tree
plantation, rainwater harvesting, watershed development, toilet in each
household

•     
Basic Amenities :  Clean drinking water, road connectivity to
main road, electric connection to all homes with 24/7 power, broad band
connectivity, mini-bank with ATM

•     
Good Governance : E-governance,
online certificates, election by consensus

 

Adopted Villages in Karnataka under
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (2015)

 

SI NO

Revenue Division

District

Villages adopted

1

Bengaluru

Bengaluru Urban

Ragihalli

 

 

Bengaluru Rural

Agalakuppe, Jalige

 

 

Davanagere

Mustur

 

 

Kolar

GuttaKamadenahally

 

 

Shivamogga

Thammadihalli

 

 

Tumakuru

Chikkadaalavatta, Madikehalli,Hebbur

2

Kalaburgi

Kalaburgi

Kukkunda

 

 

Bidar

Gorta B

 

 

Ballari

Thambralli

 

 

Raichur

R.H Colony, Jagir Venkatapur

 

 

Yadgiri

Konkal

3

Mysuru

Mysuru

Karimuddana halli, D. B Kuppe

 

 

Chikkamangaluru

Daradahalli

 

 

Dakshina kannada

Balpa

 

 

Hassan

Channangihalli

 

 

Udupi

Keradi, Shiruru

4

Belagavi

Belagavi

Janwad, Muthnal, Shivarawad

 

 

Bagalkote

Cholachgud

 

 

Vijayapura

Makhanapur

 

 

Dharwad

Harobelawadi

 

 

Gadag

Yalavatti

 

 

Uttara Kannada

Kangod

 

 

Total

30

 

 

 

 

 

Outcomes of Saansad Adarsh Gram
Yojana for Sustainable
Rural Development:

Saansad
Adarsh Gram Yojana is unique and transformative as holistic approach towards
development. It envisages integrated development of the selected village across
multiple areas such as agriculture, health, education, sanitation, environment,
livelihoods etc. Far beyond  mere infrastructure
development, Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana aims at instilling certain values such
as people’s participation, anthyodaya, gender equity, dignity of women, social
justice, spirit of community service, cleanliness, eco-friendliness,
maintaining ecological balance,  peace
and harmony, mutual cooperation, self-reliance, local self government,
transparency and accountability in public life, etc., in the villages and their
people so that they get transformed into models for others. Expected outcomes of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
for sustainable rural development are listed below.

·        
Progressive
People’s active participation

·        
Increased
livelihoods/employment opportunities

·        
Freedom
from bonded labour, child labour and manual scavenging

·        
100%
registration of deaths and births

·        
Education
for all

·        
Reduction
in violence against women

·        
Open
defecation free village

·        
Empowerment
of women

·        
Reduction
in distress migration

·        
Financial
inclusion for all

·        
Bridging
the digital divide through digital literacy

·        
Deeper
local democracy

·        
Evolution
of alternate dispute resolution system acceptable to all sections of the
community

·        
Peace
and Harmony

·        
Networking
with other institutions and departments

·        
Environment
Protection

·        
Demonstration
effect on other Gram Panchayats

·        
Increase
in awareness, knowledge and opportunities for self-expression

 

Conclusion:

The
Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana will keep the soul of rural India alive by providing
basic amenities, rural infrastructure includes personal and civic. This yojana
may tap the resources and strengths the private, voluntary, co-operative sectors
for planning, implementing, monitoring and quality assurance in rural life.

The
proposed Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana will bridge the gap of development. The
initiatives of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana may assure about human,
socio-economic development, focusing on clean village, rural industrialization,
skill development and financial inclusion. It may also play a significant role
in sustainable rural development.                  

References

Agarwal,
A. (1992): “What is Sustainable development?”. Down to Earth, June 15th:50-51.

Blewitt,
J. (2008) Understanding Sustainable
Development. Earthscan, London.

Dhawan,
M.L : (2005) Rural Development Priorities , Delhi: Isha Books.

Dresner,
S. (2002):  The principles of
Sustainability. London: Earthscan.

Haq,
M.U. (1998): Reflections on Human development. Delhi: Oxford university Press.

John.
M. Riley., (2002): Stakeholders in Rural Development- Critical Collaboration in
State- NGO Partnership, Delhi: Sage Publications.

Katar
Singh,  (1986): Rural Development: Principles,
Policies and Management ,Delhi: Sage Publications.

Kothari,  C.R. (2014): Research Methodology-Methods and
Techniques (Third Revised Edition), New Age Publishers, New Delhi.

Laxmi Devi, (1997): Strategic Planning for Rural
Development Lucknow, New Delhi: Institute for Sustainable Development and Anmol
Publications.

Munier,
N. (2005):Introduction to
Sustainability – Road to a Better Future. Springer, Dordrecht.

Narang Ashok. (2006): “Indian Rural
Problems”, Murari Lal and Sons, New Delhi, P.40.

Pandey and Kumar (1998) :”Social
Inequality: Features, Forms and Functions” Lucknow, Anuj Publications.

Rao, P.K. (2000):
Sustainable Development: Economics and Policy. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.

E.D
Setty, (2008) : Effective Strategies for Rural Development, New Delhi: Akansha
Publishing House.

Tolba,
M. K.,  (1987): “Sustainable Development:
Constraints” and opportunities (London: Butterworths.

Venu
Gopal Rao, K. (2010) : Anti-Poverty and Rural Development, Mangalam
Publications, Delhi.