According to the report of European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO) on asylum seekers taking refuge in Turkey, it is predicted that the number of the refugees will get around to 100,000. As of 17 September 2012, 80,000 refugees have been hosted in 13 camps run by the authorities and by the Turkish Red Criscent. During the process of preparing this report, Turkey shared the information with the EU that the aids of Turkish authotiries to the Syrian refugees effect the budget with yearly 200 million $ (360 million TL).
Besides, monthly cost of the refugee camp constructed in Kilis is 2 million $ (2. 6 million TL). Turkey implemented aids in kind to the refugees staying in the camps, however, Turkey later on transmuted these aids in the form of monthly payment of 80 TL. Within these aids, psychological assisstance is also provided by the Turkish authorities, who are increasingly requesting international support to cope with the important continious inflow of the refugees.
After the press release made by Turkish Prime Ministry’s Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency on October 5, actual amount of Syrian citizens in Turkey is 96,397 (included the injured people and patients). In the same press release, it is also stated that 137,153 Syrian citizens crossed the border, 40,756 of which returned to their country. Finally, it is declared in the ECHO report that Turkey meets the current demands for the average standards for each refugee camp, but the Commission have concerns: With the current influx keeps increasing, it is possible that Turkey will not be able to meet the minimum requirements.
Question: Is there any alternative ways to cope with the costs of the massive influx of people from Syria to Turkey? Turkey may gradually cut down the amount of the aids to the Syrian refugees. Turkey’s Possible Policies to Find a Solution for Syrian Refugees Problem and Its Possible Costs In case Turkey cuts down the aids to the Syrian refugees, Non-Governmental Organizations supporting the idea of providing humanitarian aids will oppose to such a decision.
However, it is seen from the reports prepared by international organizations that Turkey will not be able to meet the minimum necessities if the current influx keeps its intensity. Thus, it is possible that Turkey will call for further international support in financial manner, which is likely to be controversial for the member countries of the European Union and the United Nations. Members of the EU will avoid to support Turkish authorities financially, as the organization is trying to find suitable remedies to cope with its interior financial problems.
The problem seems to be more complex when it comes to the help from the UN. The inaction of the world body has turned Turkey into a bit of a loner, leaving it unarmed in the face-off with Syria. The ideal attitude of Turkey in principle has not been correctly perceived and fully supported by the international community. Besides, media’s approach to government’s possible policy including a cutting down may not be in favor of Turkish Government side.
It is beyond doubt that such a negative approach by media will have a decisive impact on policy making process, as media is in interaction with citizens, policy-making bodies and business actors, In conclusion, possible policies that Turkish Government can make will cost a lot for it: Interiorly, the sensitive-minded civil society of the country, which is being represented by a majority of the population, will object to cutting down of the aids. In international manner, Turkey’s requirements of support will keep being not responded, as the specific problems of the EU and the non-established accord of viewpoints within the UN.