Teen Pregnancy and ParenthoodIntroduction The growing number of teen births in the United States is the emergent need for parenting and pregnant programs for teenagers. Accordingly, the programs for these young parents necessarily employ several procedures and assume various methods. Some programs have been reported to have successfully reduced repeat pregnancies, lessened parent dropouts in school, supplied parenting skills, etc., yet others have had less impact on these significant outcomes. Taken every circumstance together, this information suggests that there is no single teen pregnancy program capable of producing the best outcome. However, because of the growing number of programs, young parents are at liberty to choose what course they believe are capable of providing them and their children with utmost advantages.
Parenting Skill-Building Programs Parenting skill-building programs are intended to develop parental effectiveness by providing an unambiguous parenting philosophy and a set of constructive parenting strategies and skills that can be instantaneously employed by parents in dealing with a range of child-rearing problems and challenges. Assessment has revealed that these programs may: (1) reinforce families; (2) enhance childcare information; (3) develop parental adjustment; (4) enhance child confidence; (5) enhance child cooperation; (6) lessen problems on child behavior; (7) enhance parent-child connections; (8) eliminate or reduce hitting and spanking; (9) develop parenting skills; (10) lessen parenting stress and anxiety; and (11) enhance parental bearing (Center for the Improvement of Child Caring). Parenting skill-building programs are commenced in various communities either as: (1) single-session meetings, such as lunch-and-learn conferences in work settings, where a particular subject is covered, or where more than one skills are taught; (2) one-day seminars, which presents a number of the parenting skills; or (3) multiple parenting class meetings for several weeks that convene at least once a week (Center for the Improvement of Child Caring). The greater part of programs are taught by certified instructors who are as well continually receiving specific training on how to best educate teen parents. Professional instructors include, parent aids, children service workers, marriage therapists, nurses, counselors, social workers, psychologists, health educators, etc.
Teen parents are taught with child and infant massage, nurturing parenting practices, how to have a good time with their children, growth’s developmental milestone, and techniques to assist children build their self-awareness and confidence. Teen parents are also taught ways to delay subsequent pregnancy, handle date rape, sexuality, sexual pressure, to be empowered, and to build optimistic personal feelings.Alternative Education Schools The purpose of alternative education school for teenage parent programs is to allow teen parents to attend and graduate from secondary education as parents. It is a main concern of the aforesaid program to inculcate parenting skills by means of instruction and modeling. In order for students to be aware of the importance of other individuals as well as to develop a strong sense of belongingness, a compassionate and interdependent team of instructors are expected to assist students in their emotional, social and academic welfare undertakings. The program offers an opportunity for teen parent to learn commendable parenting, occupational as well as academic skills. Teen parents that alternately assigned to every childcare center of schools are trained and given the responsibility for the emotional and physical care of all toddlers and infants of other student parents.
Throughout the semester, every parent will be assigned tasks that will further help them to learn on the subject of parenting and become independent. Constructive child rearing practices, activities and tasks are assigned to every student. In addition, a program counselor is assigned in every school to provide confidential counseling, such as group and individual counseling, to the teen parents. Generally, areas addressed include anger management, conflict resolution, and parenting skills (Santa Cruz County Office of Education).
More Favorable Overall, the alternative education school program is more favorable since a high percentage of academic success is likely to be achieved by teens given that the schools’ expectations to the students are realistic, concise, and unambiguous. Further, teen parents are given the opportunity to be proficient in skills necessary to help them become successful, nurturing parents while continuing their education. Aside from developing effective parenting skills, the alternative education schools expects every student who graduates from the teenage parent programs: (1) to develop a long-term career pathway; (2) to exhibit individual and community responsibility; (3) to be able to exhibit an awareness of essential livelihood abilities; (4) to be able to exhibit fundamental academic skills in writing, reading, speaking, mathematics, social studies, science, and technology; and (5) to be able to proficiently work and communicate with other individuals (Santa Cruz County Office of Education).Conclusion For several decades now, the United States has been acknowledging the significance of educating teen parents to be as competent as possible in raising children.
These endeavors allowed teen parents to find out more about childcare besides gaining social and emotional support from other teen parents. Nowadays, a variety of excellent teen parent programs exist in different settings and environment. Although all of these programs are designed to help teen parents manage their unexpected transition, some of the programs have been primarily designed for immediate use by every parent, such as basic parenting skills, while others are focused on one particular parenting challenge, such as developing alternatives to yelling and spanking. Nevertheless, one of the most helpful and positive programs today is the alternative education school program, which support and encourage teenage parents to finish their secondary education.ReferencesCenter for the Improvement of Child Caring. (n.d.
). Parenting Skill-Building Programs. Retrieved January 26, 2009, from http://www.
ciccparenting.org/ParSkillBuildingPrograms.aspxSanta Cruz County Office of Education. (n.d.).
Teenage Parent Program. Retrieved January 26, 2009, from http://www.santacruz.k12.ca.us/alt_ed/schools/tap.html