Surely enough, a parent would never want to come home one day and be shocked to find that her child is pregnant, but as much as it hurts to say it, that’s what’s happening in America today. From 1992 to 2005, the birth rate for teens declined, but surprisingly, by 2006, the rates went up again. From 2005 to 2006, the rates increased by 3%.
According to studies done by United States researchers led by author Pamlea Kohler found that from the 1,700 15-19 year-old heterosexual teens, about 25% received only education and about two-thirds received comprehensive sex education and about 9 percent, particularly rural, poor children have not received any kind of sex education at all.
Researches gathered and interpreted data and came up with findings that those who received comprehensive education were 60 percent less likely to get pregnant or get someone pregnant that those who receive no education at all. According to Kohler, there was no evidence to suggest that abstinence-only education decreased the likelihood of ever having sex or getting pregnant. But Don Operario, a sex education expert and professor at Oxford University in England begged to differ, saying that these strengthens the value of comprehensive sex education as well as the “ineffectiveness” of the abstinence-only approach which are taught at Catholic schools. So maybe the increase lies not on the change of the system, but the inability of other schools to follow that change given that society nowadays is slowly becoming more and more liberal about premarital sex and teenage sex.
Media also has its part, looking at programs and games from the past, one can immediately see that media products nowadays are more open about depicting sex and sexuality, and one should take into consideration that most of the consumers of these products belong in this age bracket. Anybody remember the Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas mini-game?
Sex education program in Michigan public schools.(1994). Michigan Government Online. Retrieved March 27, 2009 from http://www.michigan.gov/documents/SexEdPrograms_15101_7.pdf
Sex ed can help prevent teen pregnancy. (March 2008). United States News. Retrieved March 27, 2009 from http://health.usnews.com/usnews/health/healthday/080324/sex-ed-can-help-prevent-teen-pregnancy.htm
NCHS data on teenage pregnancy. (2008). National Center for Health Statistics. Retrieved March 27, 2009 from http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/infosheets/infosheet_teen_preg.pdf
Llaguno, M. The disaster of sex education in the United States. Vida Humana. Retrieved March 27, 2009 from http://www.vidahumana.org/english/family/sexed-us.html
Terdiman, D. Rockstar throws cold water on “hot coffee.” Cnet. Retrieved March 27, 2009 from http://news.cnet.com/Rockstar-throws-cold-water-on-Hot-Coffee/2100-1043_3-5827637.html?tag=nw.1