we can define a thalassemia as agenetic and inherit blood disorder. That greatly affects our body to producehemoglobin and red blood cells. A person who have the disorder of thalasemiahave very less quantity of red blood cells and as well as very little amountoff hemoglobin. The symptoms of thalassemia patients appear at the age of 6months in infant. The symptoms include Chest pain, Leg cramps, Rapid heartbeat, delayed growth e.t.c.

This disorder have a range from mild to severe andit is classified into two major types.Alpha and Beta. The Beta Thalassemia alsoknown as Cooley’s Anemia. It is a serious illness.

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Beta symptoms are appear inthe first two years of life, The symptoms include Paleness of the skin, Poorappetite, Irritability. Alpha Thalassemia also a severe and a very seriousdisease in which severe Anemia begins even from birth.Literature review:                  Thalessemia disorder is agroup of genetic blood problem that effects the human body. Hamoglobin is theoxygen carrying components of red blood cells.

If the red blood cells doesn’tform properly and can’t carry sufficiant oxygen the result is an anemia thatbegins in early adulthood and lasts throughout life.Once study defines that thalessemia patientsquality life is lower as compared to older patient. Once study on thalessemiapatients conducted that around 10,000 new borns are delivered each year withsevere form of thalessemia. Mednick and its colleges institude conduct a researchand defines that 32% patients suffer from anxiety and 11% patients fromdepression. Untreated thalessemia major leads to heart failure and liverproblems these types of problems also effect on normal functioning of patient.

Thelessemia patients required blood transfusion after every 2 weeks. Patientswith Thalessemia intermedia need blood transfusion to improve their quality oflife but inorder to survive. Lifelong blood transfusion leads to iron over loadwhich can be treated or prevent early death or creat an failure to organ.