The is an example of this. All

topic I have chosen for my IGCSE Global Perspectives Component#1 is Digital
World. The sphere that I am highlighting under this topic is “have technological advancements reached a limit
by which they can be called harmful”. The reason why I have selected this
topic is because in recent years, critics worldwide have raised arguments on
the reliability of the role of technology in the life of the average human.

One of the most contentious modern-day
controversies is technological advancement. We simply cannot imagine our day to
day lives without cell-phones or washing machines. We have made our selves
habitual of finding shortcuts and alternatives in order to make life easier for
ourselves. But here we must scrutinize our habits to judge whether or not we
have been carried away too far.

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The progression of new technology has been
taking place since the existence of the human race. From the creation of basic
tools like the knives, sickles and harpoons made out of rocks and stones for
hunting, to contraptions like the first steam engine or the typewriter.

The advancement in technology has been
remarkably fast in the 20th and 21st century. Technology is being created and
improved all the time. Considering this rapid pace of up gradation, it was most
probable that along with the positive attributes of these new advancements,
people would also begin to consider a critical analytical approach of the
negative aspects of new technology.

Every day miscellaneous companies
manufacture something more advanced in an attempt to win the highest purchase
rates against other competitors in the market. This consumerism is compelling
the rate of advancement more rapidly each year. The creation of the iPhone by
Apple is an example of this. All of a sudden people could call, text, browse
the internet, listen to music, watch videos and click photos all in one place.
No other cell-phone company in market could compare to it. This was certainly a
positive, seeing that people could use the phone to store data for work,
education, entertainment. But it was only a matter of realization before the
negative claims began as well; too expensive, quick battery power loss and
could a device like this stop face to face communication all together-to name
just a few claims.
Technology will always have negative aspects because it depends on what the
purpose of the technology is and who is making use it; Albert Einstein once
said ‘Technological progress is like an axe in the hands of a pathological
criminal’. 1

One of the greatest negative claims
observed on past years was against the advancement of gaming technology. A
video game called Grand Theft Auto was released in October 1997. The game was
based on violence. It included stealing cars, shooting random people, to more
offensive content like the prostitute characters. Computer games were cast
aspersions on after an incident in the USA with a teenage boy who shot at two
policemen and a civilian, killing them in 2003. He had once before been brought
to the police station on suspicion of stealing a car, which is something that
repeatedly occurs in the game series. The media described the incident in such
a way ‘Lawsuit: ‘Grand Theft Auto’ Led Teen to Kill’. 2 Predictably,
the blame was levied on the technology and the companies who created the game. This
kind of media attention can be seen to support the negative claims made by
Jacques Ellul, a French sociologist. He viewed technology as an ‘irresistible,
mysterious force’ 4 which he further described as ‘menacing’
5. Concerned authorities were inspecting how the game was manipulating
and distorting the young boy’s life, they quoted him to have said ‘Life is a
video game. You’ve got to die sometime.’7 This depicted how
this technology has twisted the boy’s mental state and changed his outlook on
life itself, that it is merely a computer game. Considering the fact that it
was technology which led to this atrocity, it can be said that it is no less
than a monster existing in amidst us. This is enough proof to support to
support the claim that digital advancement can now mentally and socially
influence humans.

There is little doubt in saying that
technology has been a significant factor in global economic expansion throughout
the ages of its development. It has benefited industries and business markets
in considerable ways. The introduction of advanced machinery in factories has led
to increased productivity; all the complicated hard work is entrusted to
automated devices while the employed workers only have to deal with simpler
jobs such as management, supervision or maintenance. Furthermore, reaching new
markets has never been easier. An important aspect of a prospering economy is
its ability to sell its excess production to other markets, in other words to
export goods and services. New means of transportation and communication
have proficiently shrunken the world and made international trade and
accessibility more effective.

On the contrary what should really captivate our attention
here is the fact that we may be overlooking some major drawbacks of technology
which could risk capital exchange and economic prosperity. The rate of
dependency on technology has drastically increased. Since technology has become
a fundamental constituent of all modern enterprises, production is greatly
influenced by faults and defects of machinery and operative systems. Even in
E-commerce businesses, if the internet connection is lost a lot can go down the