The Art of Breast Augmentation Breast augmentation can be linked from one hundred years ago to today’s technique in surgery and through the expression of art.
The beauty of augmenting breasts continues to be a solution in sculpting a woman’s body. As cosmetic surgery has evolved throughout the years, it has intensified in the art and science of shaping the human form. The surgical procedure is similar to an artist creating a beautiful masterpiece but like any other man made products, cosmetic surgery itself has its beautiful artistic views and controversial views.
The first known breast implants were attempted by the Austrian-German surgeon named Vincenz Czerny in 1985. Vincenz Czerny used a woman’s own adipose tissue from a benign growth, on her back (Marcus). It would quickly send waves across the surgical field to give surgeons the opportunity to prefect the start of a very popular procedure.
As decades followed with the rise of breast implants so did the risk that in some cases outweigh the aesthetic beauty. “MORE THAN ONE million Americans have some kind of cosmetic surgery each year” (Bardach).Few realize that any surgery can bring some sort of complications.
What effects of breast augmentation might bring to one’s body? After the placement of breast implants there are several possibilities of side effects of this type of procedure. Especially, the first three years it is very common for some sort of complications, including loss of sensation, hematomas, capsular contracture, saline leakage and suicides. Loss of sensation after surgery is commonly temporary causing either numbness or sensitivity. It’s caused when the breasts or nipple had some sort of damage to nerve endings.The nerves usually recover within six months to a year and if a woman is breast-feeding it could be quite devastating. The results can post pone breastfeeding with the uncertainly of not knowing how much a baby is putting pressure if he/she is teething or the “nerves that are vital to breastfeeding because they trigger the brain to release prolactin and oxytocin, two hormones that affect milk production”(BabyCenter Medical Advisory Broad).
But the safety of breast-feeding by mothers with implants shows no evidence in harming the baby with or without the loss of sensation (Lee and Zuckerman).It can cause it to be very uncomfortable if the loss of sensation made the nipples more sensitive and very painful. Women would have to consider stopping their breast-feeding and turn to baby formula. Stopping breast-feeding could lose any bond that a mother wants to experience with her child. As Anna Hassapi explains, “Surgeons should always inform patients of risks involved in undertaking the procedure”.
For instance, “A hematoma is a collection of blood outside of a blood vessel.It occurs because the wall of a blood vessel wall, artery, vein, or capillary, has been damaged and blood has leaked into tissues where it does not belong” (Wedro). This is very important that one should know ahead of time because if a patient encounters this problem then another procedure is likely to happen soon after in order to remove the hematoma. Removing the hematoma is a procedure where a surgeon goes in and places a surgical drainage in order to release the blood clot. In the result of the drainage, it can lead to a possible leakage in the implants.Capsular contracture is the most common but not a health risk.
“Contracture involving a capsule or capsule-shaped structure specifically : shrinking and tightening of the mass of scar tissue around a breast implant that occurs especially with some silicone implants and may result in pain and in unnatural firmness and distortion of the breast” (“capsular contracture”). This can show effects around the first month resulting in human tissue forming around a foreign object. Causing one’s breast to look lope-sided and making the appearance uneven.There’s even a scale to determine how severe the capsular contracture can be classified. The scale is called the Baker classification in which the most severe is a Baker IV with the hardening and painful effects. Future effects can cause in permanently removing the implants with the resulting in two stretched out breast skin or breast reconstructive surgery. After the age of 40, women should receive a yearly mammogram to detect breast cancer. When receiving a breast screening with implants, “they have been found to impede cancer detection by obscuring developing tumors on mammography” (“An update”).
This is life threatening situation if a patient goes for years without knowing the possibility of breast cancer cells and it could be devastatingly too late. The method of mammogram’s procedures is to squeeze the breasts to detect any breast cancer but it’s a possibility it can rapture or cause leakage to the implants. In the event that leakage happens about one percent yearly will be draining from the effected implants. Whether the implant rapture or is draining future surgery would be needed to fix the implants causing the patient to go through another painful surgery. One of the most concerns for the procedure is suicides.As Bernstein describes, “That most women who seek breast implants are looking for a more positive self-image” but in some cases the results are unsuccessful leading to deeper depression and anxiety. People that try to fix their pain with corrected surgery can trigger a more serious problem then just trying to boost one’s self-esteem.
Suffering from mental health problems is a long term effect on one’s psyche. A 2007 Swedish and US longitudinal study found that women who get cosmetic breast implants are nearly three times as likely to commit suicide as other women (Manning).When considering plastic surgery a doctor should evaluate one’s mental health before resulting in a self-destructive outcome. Surgery can bring all sorts of complications whether it’s in the first year or in twenty years. The loss of sensation, hematomas, capsular contracture, saline leakage and suicides are some of the few examples of the aftermath in breast augmentation.
With new technology trying to minimize the possibilities of any sort of complications, it’s still a foreign object with an expiration date.In most cases, many would need additional surgery to correct any problems of breast augmentation giving surgeons the challenge to use creative thinking to improve their art in surgery. Creative thinking can help develop and challenge thinking with academic studies. For instance, art can greatly increase a surgeon’s performance. As Luis Toledo-Pereyra describes, “Artistic experience will improve the surgeon’s perception of surgical process and, of course, the study and practice of art will create an environment of attention to artistic detail that will potentially translate into better surgical technical results”.By including this method in the study of science with the understanding of the details, one can learn to appreciate the human body in an artistic point of view. Art gives people the challenge to think outside the box with all the dimensions art offers.
Without art challenging thinking, people wouldn’t find the connection with everyday life and its endeavors that brings success. At the turn of the century, creative thinkers discovered methods that opened new doors for the innovation in technology. Methods of surgery between one hundred years came along way with the very same ideas that started it.Some of the most important methods of surgery were the inventions of anesthesia, laparoscopic and antiseptics. Although, the method of today is safer with the advancement in the evolution of technology; one can wonder how far back these ideas go. Anesthesia is considered to be the gold standard in the surgical field whether it was from the past or present.
Both of the different eras had the similarity to help put patients at ease with the comfort of diminishing pain during procedure. Before the 1900’s, alcohol and opium were commonly used to minimize the pain that was not always guaranteed.The invention of anesthesia replaced the old ways in sedating a person and more patients weren’t looking at surgery as the last desperate resort but rather as an elective resort.
However, the vintage years of anesthesia and the small amount of research were putting the patients in danger with no real training. As Denise Grady describes, “The patients who died became suddenly unable to breathe, despite doctors’ efforts to pump oxygen into their lungs. The condition, severe bronchospasm, occurs when muscles inside the lungs go into spasm, pinching the airways shut.
It is an extreme form of what occurs during an asthma attack”.Patients who died in this event had no prior instructions given that one shouldn’t eat twelve hours prior to surgery. Doctors were also taking their time during surgery and administrating over the limit of anesthesia resulting in a coma. Today’s method is more advanced and safe with the improvement in monitoring. Patients are educated with pre-op instructions and doctors are well educated in the amount of anesthesia a person should receive during a procedure. Many would agree that in the twentieth century of surgery was considered to be more invasive with patients being cut wide opened and the higher risk of blood loss.
However, the early years had something in common that would be widely used in today’s surgical field. In 1910, a surgeon named Hans Christian Jacobeans of Sweden performed a smaller invasive surgery in a human that was later called laparoscopic. Other surgeons improved the invention of laparoscopic and it was soon commonly used in simple surgeries and biopsies. It wouldn’t be until decades later with the invention of small cameras that laparoscopic would be used for surgeries that were considered more invasive.
As technology advanced with every decade, laparoscopic improved with smaller incisions.As Nicholas Bakalar describes, “Those patients had less bleeding, fewer breathing problems, fewer cardiac problems and fewer immediate complications over all”. Improvements with technology have come a long way with the new methods of the laparoscope and the screens to view the image in larger settings. The idea that was once a concern for surgeons to prevent the amount of blood loss with less invasive procedure and to prevent the unnecessary risk of infections is still the same goals today that surgeons strive on keeping.In the event of anesthesia and laparoscopic there was an increase in infections. During the 1900’s, carbolic acid sprays were used during surgery.
As John Heritage describes, “The phenol in these sprays irritated surgeon’s hands and, to protect themselves from phenol burns, they started wearing rubber gloves”. It so happens to be the start of minimizing infection in the surgery room. With the plea to the public of how important minimizing bacteria, people started to see the result in decease with major illnesses. With the discovery of antiseptic, the deadly gangrene had dramatically deceased.Today’s method, there are machines that sterilize instruments and antiseptic sprays that won’t cause any harm to the equipment or human skin.
Both of the decades whether it was from 1910 or 2010, each showed the serious aspic of how important cleanliness is and what people can’t see can greatly in danger a person without the proper sterilization. The method of surgery between one hundred years has come a long ways with anesthesia, laparoscopic and antiseptics. One hundred years from now the inventions that are here today will improve in the future with the help of new discoveries.People can agree that a small idea from many years ago can grow in what can be recognized as an everyday routine in ones operating room. Whether it’s performing breast augmentation in a operating room as if it’s an art studio or the surgical instruments used as some sort of sculpting tools to create a work of art on a human body, it’s a way to “use skill and imagination in the creation of aesthetic objects, environments, or experiences that be can be shared with others” (Witcombe). Breast augmentation is considered to be art whether it’s sculpting a women’s body or challenging surgeons to connect on a more artistic view.Some may believe that breast augmentation been around for a few decades but many would be amazed that it’s been around for more than one hundred years with every year advancing in the popular procedure.
The connection between the surgeons and their patients is a strong one with the bond to overcome the challenges that they face together. Breast augmentation surgery can be viewed as artistic or to help improve one’s image but at the end it’s the beauty of freedom to express what one’s desire whether it’s from the surgeon’s point of view or the patients.Works Cited “An update. ” Harvard Women’s Health Watch 1.
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