The Assyrians: The Assyrians are one of

            The root of
the conflict in Syria would be viewed as a failure on opposing sides of this
Ethnic/Religious conflict to negotiate a mutually accepted resolution. As known
by many people Syria is a country that has several different ethnic groups
within its borders. Today there are 6 main ethnic groups in Syria, which make
up most of the Syrian population. 1. The Sunni Muslims: They are the biggest
ethnic group in Syria today; they roughly make up 70% of the population. Sunni
Islam is the most followed form of Islam today. 
2. Alawites (Shia Muslims): Shia is the second biggest branch of Islam
in the world today. In Syria the Alawites make up roughly 12% of the
population, although being considered a minority, the Alawites have ruled a
Sunni majority Syria since the Early 1970s. 3. Kurds: The Kurds are the third
biggest ethnic group in Syria. The Kurds have long been wanting to secede from
Syria and establish their own Kurdish State. 4. Turkmen: The Turkmen are
originally Turkish in ethnicity, who in recent years have received lots of
funding from the Turkish government. 5. Assyrians: The Assyrians are one of the
oldest ethnic groups in Syria, they now roughly make up 4% of the population
and are Christian in Faith. 6. Druze: They make up around 3-5% of the Syrian
population; they are a sec of Shia Islam. (Source)

            When
looking at Syria’s demographics many people tend to ask two questions, why are
there so many different ethnic groups within the country? And how was the
country able to establish borders with all these different ethnic groups
pursing different interests?  The answer
for that dates back to almost 100 years ago during the Sykes Picot Agreement. The
Sykes Picot Agreement was a convention held between France and Great Britain to
draw up the borders of what is known today as modern day Syria, Iraq, Lebanon,
and Palestine.  (Source Britannica) The Sykes Picot Agreement really failed to
account for the different ethnic groups within the region and specifically
Syria. For example: The agreement failed to give the Kurds a free independent
state.  All of these different ethnic groups in
Syria (In specific Sunni, Shia, and Kurds) had opposing views and interest to
pursue within the drawn borders.

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            Since the
creation of Syria in 1916, the Syrians have long been struggling to find or
develop a national identity due to the diversity of ethnic groups within Syria.

Political Elites in Syria have always realized that this was an issue and had
always feared that minority groups would cooperate with foreign backers in
pursuit of there own interests. Arguably this created an environment where
Syria had to be ruled with an iron fist in order to prevent all these different
ethnic groups from pursing their own interests, which could threaten the
borders of Syria. An example of that would be the Kurds wanting to establish
their own Kurdish state. The Assad regime has long been ruling Syria with an
Iron fist since the early 1970s when Hafez el Assad (Bashar el Assad’s father)
had grabbed power. The Assad’s are ethnically Alawites (Shia Muslims who make
up 12% of Syria) who control a Sunni majority population. (Source)  This really turned
Syria into a place where political repression, human rights abuses, and lack of
freedom became the norm. The result of this was that the tension and hatred
between these ethnic groups was building up over the years and thus resulting
in conflict.

            The
main causes of conflict in Syria are the lack of political freedom within
Syria, State repression, Continuous Human Right abuses, Kurdish wanting