Baroque means irregular pearl and it was derived from the Portuguese word barocco. Baroque art is ostentatious and ornamented. In the Baroque movement the artists and composers concentrated on making their works detailed and highly crafted.
Painters such as Bernini, Rembrandt and Rubens utilized their materials to maximize the color, depth and elements of their art works.
Furthermore, this era espoused a new way of thinking in science and mathematics. Thus, the Baroque period is considered as one of the most exciting time in history.
The Baroque period started in the 17th century in Rome, Italy. It was typified by drama and opulence in dance, literature, music, painting and sculpture. The Baroque era was supported by the Catholic Church. This period was also shaped by the need of the churches to make the worship appealing through the works of the Old Masters like Rembrandt and his play with color and tone in representing religious figures (www.thinkquest.com).
A major philosophy of the Baroque age was a belief that art forms were powerful tools of communication that led to certain emotions that were pleasing to the senses (www.thinkquest.com).
Since Baroque is term used by artists to describe a flamboyant and ornamented art it captured the aristocracy’s imagination of completely integrated construction. As an example, King Louis XIV from France held meetings in his palace in Versailles which displayed grandiosity in terms of architecture, paintings and sculptures; thus, it became a representation of wealth and power. The middle class also helped in the development of the Baroque style when rich merchants and professionals commissioned the realistic portrayal of every day life (www.thinkquest.com).
The Baroque movement paved the way for scientific discoveries. Galileo and Isaac Newton gave new meaning to science in the field of experimentation and mathematics. They discovered that mathematical laws ruled “bodies in motion”. This opened new doors for inventions and improvement in the medical discipline (www.thinkquest.com).
In conclusion, the Baroque movement is a complex combination of materialism, rationalism and spirituality as a result the Western World became more engaged in trade and had the opportunity to discover unfamiliar territories. The growth of the middle class ushered in a new artistic culture that had long been dominated by the aristocracy and the church.
Baroque Period (1650-1750). http://www.thinkquest.com Retrieved on 27 April 2009.