On August 23rd, 1857, Scottish novelist John Galt founded Guelph with the ceremonial felling of a Maple Tree. Galt, was also a superintendent of the British development firm “Canada Company”. Galt decided to call the new founded town Guelph. The reason behind the name was simple, the town was called Guelph because it was a family name of the British royal family which had not been used to name a place. Guelph is considered one the first planned towns in Canada. It was planned to look like a European city where many of the streets, especially in the downtown area, meet at a focal point.The focal point in Guelph’s case is called “Speed River”. Guelph was a village until the Grand Turk Railroad from Toronto reached it in 1856.
After the railroad reached Guelph many buildings were in the mist of being built. These buildings were going to be constructed by prominent Canadian architects. A majority of buildings were going to be built from limestone, this was due to the fact that limestone was mined near Guelph.
Unlike many small cities, Guelph took over its water, gas and streetcar system early on. Guelph has always been home to many first-class education facilities.In 1847 the Ontario Agricultural College was founded on a 200 ha farm, in 1922 the Ontario Veterinary College was founded, and most recently, in 1965, the University of Guelph was established. Guelph has always had a population, which has been high in British ethnic origin however; many people with different ethnic backgrounds are now on the move to Guelph.
Guelph is covered with sedimentary rock. Compressed clay sediments that were under severe pressure formed this rock. The sedimentary rock that covers Guelph is dated back to the Devonian period of the Paleozoic era.
The Paleozoic era lasted approximately 375 000 000 000 years during which rock, shellfish, amphibians and other animal life began to form. The Topography of Guelph is much like the rest of Southern Ontario. It has a gently rolling lush landscape that can be credited to glacial movement. Guelph’s latitude is 43 31″N and it’s longitude is 80 14;W. Guelph sits 334 meters above the sea lever. Guelph has a very fertile soil that is absolutely marvelous for growing crops and studying Agriculture.
The Ontario Agricultural College is located in Guelph because the soil is so fertilized and rich with nutrients.Guelph’s soil is loamy, meaning that the soil is composed of a mixture of sand, clay, silt, and organic matter. It was nourished by glacial till as the glaciers shifted after the last ice age. Glacial till is what the glacier picks up while moving and is often found in soil and moraines. It is composed of clay silt, sand, gravel and boulders. Guelph’s soil is drained quite effectively. There is rarely or never any flooding and this prevents essential nutrients from being washed away by the rain. This is due to the topography of Guelph; the rolling landscape helps lead rain and melted snow to waterways and sewage systems.
Percolation is also successful in Guelph because it is underlined by sedimentary rock, which is often softer than igneous and metamorphic rock and allows water to filter though it easier. Overall Guelph has a pretty enjoyable climate. Like the majority of places in Canada, Guelph is hot during the summer season and is cold in the winter season.
The average annual high in Guelph is 11. 6 degrees Celsius while the average annual low is 1. 8 degrees Celsius. The warmest month on average in the city of Guelph is July (26.
2 degrees), while the coldest is the month of January (-7. 2 degrees).This is just a few degrees colder than Toronto’s average temperature. Guelph has started to initiate the “Climate Change Protection Program”.
It is designed to address the issue of global warming. Guelph has adopted the slogan “Think Globally, Act Locally”. If any environment preservation is going to take place people must work as a team. Many small town and cities can make a difference. Benefits from the “Climate Change Protection Program” are the following:1) reduction in local pollution,2) efficient use of natural resources and finally3) a better quality of life will be achieved.In the city of Guelph the majority of people will be speaking in English. English is Guelph’s native language. Guelph is a relatively young city.
9. 4 % of Guelph’s population are in between the ages of thirty and thirty four, 8. 8 % of the people are in between the ages of twenty five and twenty nine years old, 7. 9 % of the people are between twenty and twenty four years of age.
Only 3. 9 % of the population are in between the ages of fifty-five and fifty-nine and 3. 5 % of people are between the ages of sixty and sixty-four.As of the year 2000 29% or 28 026 residents of Guelph are sinle and have never been married. 56% or 54 487 residents of Guelph are married and have never been separated. The average income per capta in Guelph is about $22 000 a year and the average household income is around $58 000 a year. This is way under Vaughn’s average household income, which is at around the $80 000 mark.
The 2001 census shows that there s 105 200 people living in Guelph. It is said that by the year 2021 there will be 137 300 people living in Guelph.This shows that there will be a population change of 7. 47 %. On average houses are more affordable in Guelph than homes found in larger Canadian cities like Toronto.
However, since 1999 housing in Guelph has grown more and more expensive. In 1999 a detached bungalow was on average $157 400 and today it is $167 500. There are many different cultural and ethnic patterns around the city of Guelph. Christianity religiously dominates Guelph. There are many other ethnicities and cultures around Guelph and they include, Scottish, Irish, German, Italian, German, French, and Dutch.
All around Guelph you can find Anglican and Baptist Churches, Bible Churches, Canadian Reformed Churches, Christian Sciences, Church of Christ, Evangelical Missionary, Gospel Churches, Interdenominational Churches, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Latter-Day Saints, Lutheran and Methodist Churches, Presbyterian Churches, as well there are Pentecostal Assemblies of Canada. Guelph is located 100 km (60 miles) from the city of Toronto. Guelph is within a twenty-minute drive to approximately a half a million people and approximately 1. 5 million people live within a sixty-minute drive from the city.Within a 500 mile or an 800 km radius of Guelph more than sixty percent of Canada’s population lives and forty percent of America’s. Guelph has four major highways: Macdonald Cartier Freeway, also known as highway 401. There is also highway 5, highway 7, and highway 24. Highway 401 provides a direct route to London, Windsor and Detroit, it also takes you to west Toronto and east Montreal.
It is the largest highway near Guelph. Highway five runs north south and across to the Queen Elizabeth Way which is better known as the QEW, which can take you to Toronto, Hamilton, Buffalo, ect.Highway seven runs east west in northern Guelph. The Canadian National Railway, Canadian Pacific Railway and the Guelph Junction Railway run through Guelph and are used to transport industrial goods and resources.
Via Rail provides Guelph with a passenger rail service. Guelph is located 65 km from the Lester B. Pearson Airport in Toronto and has two local airports, the Waterloo regional Airport and the Guelph Air Park. The two local Airports can only cater to small personal aircrafts. Guelph also has its own public bus service which runs through Monday to Saturday.
They start running at 5:45 in the morning and stop at 12:15 in the evening. It is $1. 75 each way for adults. Students and seniors can get special rates while children under the age of five years old can ride the bus for no fee at all. Guelph is one of the fastest growing economic areas in Ontario and Canada, it is growing at a very rapid speed.Guelph is home to thirty accounting firms, over 120 legal firms, twenty-five engineer consulting firms, fifteen Canadian Post Locations and many other business services, There are 1115 registered Businesses in Guelph.
. 4 % of those businesses have been established since 1990. 304 of those businesses in Guleph deal with fabricated metal products, machinery production and printing and publishing.Advanced manufacturing is the largest growing Industry in Guelph. It is made up of 360 businesses and employs 14 755 workers, which is twenty-five percent of Guelph’s Labour force. Guelph also plays a large role in the Agri-food sector; it deals with biotechnology and the environment. Agri-food generates $63 billion a year in Canada.
The five largest employers in Guelph are 1) Linamar (5300 people), 2) University of Guelph (3400), 3) Upper Grand District School Board (3000), 4) The Corporation of the City of Guelph (1000) and 6) Polycon Industries (900). Guelph’s commercial and industrial reality taxes, water, sewage, and hydro rates are competitively priced compared to the other large cities in Ontario. Guelph also partakes in the environmental industry. There are 45 companies in Guelph’s environmental sector. As of November 2000 4. 7 % of people were unemployed in Guelph.A reason why Guelph has a lower unemployment rate then Ontario can be contributed to the fact that Guelph has a higher work participation rate.
Guelph’s rate is at about seventy percent while Ontario’s is at about sixty-five percent. Guelph’s unemployment rate is smaller than Canada’s. Ontario’s, Toronto’s, Brampton’s, and Kingston’s to name a few. Guelph has many recreation facilities such as hockey arenas; The Goldie Mill, The downtown core, which has 250 plus stores. Guelph also comes with swimming pools, The Royal City Kiwanis Concert Shell and many other community centers, which are spread throughout.Guelph is home too many learning institutions.
There are many elementary and secondary schools as well as universities and colleges spread through the city of Guelph. Conestoga College is located in Guelph and it is home to 6700 full time students and an astonishing 32 000 part time students. It is an aggressive business training and development school. Guelph is the home of the Ontario Agriculture College, which is known for specializing in the study of agriculture and is the home of the University of Guelph. The University of Guelph has 10 235 full time students and 1 905 part time students.
The University of Guelph leads in agricultural and veterinary medicine. The University of Waterloo and Wilfred Laurier University are located near Guelph as well. Some of Guelph’s tourist attractions are the various music festivals that they have. Artists and musicians from all over the world come to play and participate in the Guelph Jazz Festival.
Guelph also offers Garden and Vine tours as well as museum and memories tour packages. This year in the city of Guelph, Guelph celebrated its 175th birthday. Celebrations started on the New Year and carried out throughout the year. April 22nd to the 28th was known as celebration week in Guelph.
Many events were planned for this year to help celebrate the big birthday. Some of the events that were included were the Ontario Winter Games and the Memorial Cup, which is that Canadian Junior Hockey championship. Guelph is a city full of opportunity. It is an economic and technological leader among smaller cities in Canada and has a very bright future ahead of it.
It will be clear to see that in the future, the population of Guelph will be rising rapidly and there will be more and more industries and companies expanding and opening. This will also help Guelph’s economy grow.