The cold war
1) People often refer to a tense political situation as “The start of World War III.” In reality, however, WWIII has already happened in the form of the Cold War. Discuss the Cold War. Why did it start? What makes it different from traditional wars? In what ways did it impact the world until its end in 1990? How does the Cold War continue to impact the world today?|
The cold war is a term that was used to describe the relationship that was there between the USA and the Soviet Union commonly known as USSR, during the period after the World War Two. It turned out to be a continuous conflicting state between the two nations and also included countries affiliated to them. Apart from conflicts, there was also pressure and rivalry between them. During the whole period, armed forces coalitions, surveillance, weapon advancement, invasions, misinformation and aggressive technical and scientific development like space race and competition were the ways they used to express their conflicts. The conflict caused by the cold war included spending a great deal of money on protection mechanisms like weapons, enormous traditional and nuclear weaponry race and various alternate wars. Even though the two countries were united all through the last four years of the World War Two, there were disagreements that existed and it was evident that they just joined forces because they had a common enemy. There disagreements were mainly because of the misunderstanding over the shape of the post-war world.
The cold war was called that way because both the U. S and the USSR were scared of fighting each other head on and directly. In such situations, nuclear weapons would have done massive damages and destroyed everything. That was not what either of them wanted, so they opted to fight indirectly using words as a weapon. Threats and denouncing each other were prevalent each side trying to make the other appear stupid. They did take part in destruction with conflicts in different parts of the world. This therefore made the cold war a lot different from the other traditional kind of wars. Instead of using the weapons of mass destruction which both countries had they fought indirectly.
During the war, tension was high. There were lots of changes that emanated from both sides. This was because they both tried to influence the global economic and political affairs and developments. For instance, the USSR gave the Asian communist government economic, military and technical aid. T he U. S on the other hand established the Southeast Asian Treaty Organization to aid the eight Asian nations be able to fight communism. The U. S in 1950 started sending military advisers to Southern Vietnam to help them be able to defend themselves from the Northern Vietnamese communists.
The effects of the cold war extended to Egypt and the USSR supported Egypt when after it was under attack. In 1985 when Gorbachev became leader of USSR, he saw to the signing of a pact with the U. S on the destruction of the entire missiles and transitional range nuclear force. The Berlin wall, a symbol of German division, also cut through the heart of capital city. Thus by the end of the cold war, it also marked the end of German’s division that was between the East and West Germany.
As a result, Africa became one of the continents that benefited after the cold war. A lot of prominence was put in support of democratic organization, human rights value, clearness, improved governance and answerability among others.
Gaddis, Lewis. The Cold War: A New History, Penguin Press, 2005.
Kennedy, Caroline and Stalin. Cold War, New York: Manchester University Press, 1995.
Roberts, Geoffrey and Stalin. Wars: From World War to Cold War, 1939–1953, Yale
University Press, 2006.
 Gaddis, John Lewis (2005), The Cold War: A New History, Penguin Press, ISBN 1594200629
 Roberts, Geoffrey (2006), Stalin’s Wars: From World War to Cold War, 1939–1953, Yale University Press, ISBN 0300112041
Kennedy-Pipe, Caroline, Stalin’s Cold War, New York : Manchester University Press, 1995, ISBN