The Environment: How Can We Preserve It?
The ability to effectively preserve the environment forms the key factor in facilitating its sustainability and ultimate support to economic, social and political development of a country as well as the whole globe. Environmental preservation facilitates the earth’s capacity to not only maintain its processes, but prolong them for intergenerational equity. In their conclusion which coheres with Khi, Dianne and Jerrell (2007) view, Smith, Jeffrey and Kenneth (2009) predict doom to the world if it fails to effectively embrace preservation. It is from the above consideration that this paper deeply explores how the environment can be preserved.
A brief analysis of environment and need for preservation
Though concerns for environment can be traced back to the human civilization, its effective management has largely been attached to the first United Nations Conference on Human Environment (UNICED) of 1972 in Stockholm. Tomohiro, Ichiro and Yoshifumi (2010) report UNICED found that the world environment was being depleted at a dangerous rate which threatened people and the natural systems. As a result, the United Nations Environmental Program (UNEO) was established to address these issues. Environmental destruction has therefore taken forms that affect all four spheres; aquatic, atmosphere, lithosphere and biosphere. Water pollution, air pollution, resources depletion, use of non-renewable energies, extinction of species and poor solid waste management have created a haven for environmental destruction (Hawcroft and Milfont, 2010). Is there any goodwill to address these issues? Is it possible to address them?
Use of policies and legislations
One of the key mechanisms that can be employed to preserve the environment is use of policies and legislations. By establishing key preservation legislations, mandate is given to different entities on overseeing preservation while the conduct of industries and the general public is defined toward the same objective (Gilbert and Muller, 2008; Joachim, 2009). Though many nations and states have key preservation legislations and departments such as The Environmental Protection Agency of the United States, The Environmental Act of 1995 for Scotland, England and Wales, and The Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act of 1999 in Australia, there is need for strengthening surveillance and response to facilitate higher status of environmental integrity (Khi et al, 2007). Besides, they should fully operate with international protocols and conventions such as Kyoto Protocol of 1997 and the Convention on biological diversity of 1992 among others.
Conservation of energy
Over the years, the notion of global warming has come to be one of the most dangerous phenomena due to its expansive and prolonged negative effects. Use of alternative energy sources should be embraced with vitality for the following reasons. To begin with, Tjaša and Alenka (2009) energy users should embrace technology that is more efficient in combustion and therefore reduce destructive emissions such as oxides of nitrogen, carbon and sulfur. Besides, energy should be effectively recycled to increase the utility of respective materials. Large companies should reduce their overall energy consumption in their production units. Smith et al (2009) adds that Coca Cola Company has embraced an environmental management system through which it seeks to cut its overall energy usage, both in the production and its transport.
Use of alternative sources of energies
According to Smith et al (2009), shift in the types of energy being used is the main factor that will anchor preservation of environment. Presently, excessive reliance of fossil fuels results to their overexploitation and most importantly and destructive emissions. In the year 2007, United States and China used about 20.5 and 70.5 bbl/day of oil and further produced 5,800 and 6,200 megatons of emissions respectively (Joachim et al, 2009). Currently, oil spills from the Gulf of Mexico is a great threat to over 400 to 600 species of marine flora and fauna (Ertel, 2010). Alternative energy sources such as wind power, solar energy and geothermal power should be exploited maximally to substitute and fully replace the fossil fuels. It is worth noting that these energy sources are environmentally friendly and therefore have minimal negative impacts to both the natural and human systems.
Involvement of all stakeholders in preservation
In their view, Joanne, Janine and Ben (2010) refer to preservation efforts that do not recognize all stakeholders to be futile. By involving the local stakeholders a new meaning is assimilated; a factor that Joanne et al (2010) further consider to create an additional force towards the main preservation objective. In a national park, the local communities’ involvement does not view preservation of flora and fauna as a threat to them but as a factor to promote their local social-economic status (Smith et al, 2009). Therefore, benefits arising from preservation projects must be fully associated with the local communities as a major incentive.
Treatment and recycling of wastes
It would be incomplete to emphasize on environmental preservation without considering the role played by treatment and recycling of wastes. Over the years pollution either from point or non-point sources has been a major destructive factor in the environment (Tomohiro et al, 2010). In her book, ‘The Silent Springs’ Rachael Carson found out the expansive poisoning of polar animals by chemicals used far in the hinterland (Gilbert and Harvey, 2008). Therefore all the wastes from point sources must be treated while those from non-point sources are minimized.
Recycling as Hawcroft and Milfont (2010) indicate is critical in reducing the total amount of wastes going into the environment. As indicated earlier, recycling increases the products and their materials utility; a factor that reduces going back for more from the natural system. In addition, it reduces the harmful components such as solid and liquid wastes from getting into and destroying the environment.
Conclusion and recommendation
From the above discussion, this paper concludes by supporting the thesis statement, ‘the ability to effectively preserve the environment forms the key factor in facilitating its sustainability and ultimate support to economic, social and political development of a country as well as the whole globe.’ The environment came out as a highly interconnected system whose preservation requires an expanded and holistic approach. In the example of the current oil spills in the Gulf of Mexico, negative effects are wide spread to the marine flora, fauna and the ultimate upper food chain levels that rely on the sea. Use of policies, stakeholders’ involvement, alternative energy usage and treatment of wastes should therefore be employed as key mechanisms in facilitating preservation.
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