The current economic crisis that has rocked the global economy has prompted many countries to take drastic measures in order to deal with the situation. The Federal Reserve and the National Treasury have also teamed up to deal with this global economic crisis by instituting several reforms and policy changes.
With the goal of providing an immediate and permanent solution to the problem, the Treasury, with the help of the Federal Reserve, has instituted these five fiscal policies to alleviate the situation. One of these policies is the voluntary capital purchase program. It is aimed at selling preferred shares of stock to the United States Government on favorable terms that afford the maximum amount of protection to the taxpayer. Another policy that has been implemented is the systematic risk exception under the FDIC Act which grants the FDIC the power to guarantee, on a temporary basis, the senior debt of all FDIC insured institutions. The third policy that has been announced is the increased access to funding for all of the businesses in various sectors of the American economy. The goal of this is to stimulate economic growth on a micro level in order to develop solid economic fundamentals that can help resuscitate the economy. Other steps that the Federal Reserve and the National Treasury have taken include the strengthening of capital position and funding ability of American Financial Institutions.
These are to be achieved through multilateral agreements such as the reciprocal currency arrangement (Swap Lines) with International Central Banks. Finally, the heralded US $700 billion bailout plan that was recently enacted into law has also been designed to infuse much needed capital into the market and to protect the exposure of several multinational and local financial institutions. Despite all of these moves by the Federal Reserve and the National Treasury, however, it still remains to be seen whether or not these “quick fixes” can actually provide real and lasting solutions that have been caused by poor economic fundamentals.