In today society, we try to determine the fairness of our system by discussing the important of one of many controversies issue which are dividing us apart. We want to come up with a unite decision that will benefit all of us. Capital punishment today is still one of the most difficult topics which had not yet been resolved. John K. Cochran and Beth A. Sanders are the authors of The Gender Gap in Death Penalty Support: An Exploratory Study article demonstrate how we deal with the capital punishment issue by providing the method and its result of their researches.
In the past, men are known as a group which supports capital punishment more than women. Although the gap between men and women about this topic has been enduring over time, there has been evidence of a change in narrowing or widening of this gap as the authors noticed that in their researches, the main keys factors which influence such a decision bases on five of these believes: Values differences and traditional gender socialization practices, traditional gender norms and roles, status differentials and gender inequalities, gender differences in life experiences/life-chances and feminist consciousness and women’s autonomy.
First, the authors look at the value differences and traditional gender socialization practices. Men and women tend to express themselves in different religious and spiritual orientation as well as different social and political orientations. Women value religious and spiritual; they avoid violent and more concern with the preservation of relationship therefore they less supportive where Men value social and political make moral judgment bases on fairness and justice which influence them in support of capital punishment.
Second, they examine the traditional gender norms and roles. The gender differences with regard to the proper roles for males and females within the household and outside it in the work place, associate with the expectation of men have a job outside to their home to support their families where women stay home take care of children and to household’s works. The result is that men are more educated and supportive. On the other hand women are families oriented tend to less supportive of capital punishment. Third, John K. Cochran and Beth A.
Sanders believe status differential and gender inequalities place a big role in the supportive of capital punishment. Men tend to get pay more than women doing the same job. Men are known as money maker where women are known as family care giver. Men are compare with being smart and educated and women are naive and uneducated. These status differentials are associated with the gender gap in death penalty support. Fourth, the article talks about the gender differences in life experiences/life-chances between men and women.
The level of involvement in the criminal justice system as both victims and offenders also influence the decision on the death penalty. Statistic shown men are likely to be arrested and victimization than women, women are known as fearful of crime. These experiences place an important role when decide the level of supportiveness of the death penalty. Finally, the authors conclude the last key factor of feminist consciousness and women’s autonomy in influence of the support of the death penalty.
Women tend to value families oriented, they rather give up their job to stay home and take care of their families. They abandoned conservative social and political norms. They view the world as a beautiful place where everyone is normal and good. Men think of the opposite, therefore they support the death penalty. As the result of these studies, the authors realize that the level of support of the death penalty among men and women had risen and fallen overtime.
They conclude that these studies are valid which create a valuable data for understanding the level of supportive of the death penalty bases on these reliable and proven valid keys factors: Values differences and traditional gender socialization practices, traditional gender norms and roles, status differentials and gender inequalities, gender differences in life experiences/life-chances and feminist consciousness and women’s autonomy. The world is changing and so do our believed. These studies are valid for now. The future is still uncertainty.