Golden age of industrialization
The industrial revolution that occurred in the 18th and 19th century in Britain led to the way of the early industrializing states of North America and nations of Europe. Industrialization entitled social development and profound technological development. Industrialization created free markets for labor and played a pivotal role for the entrepreneurs. Cities in the United States attracted many people especially massive workers in the factories and the new towns.
The process of industrialization means that people moved from rural areas to urban centers and there was a shift from home to the factories (Kiyosaki & Lechter, 2000). Industrialization increased the productive capacity of the United States which increased the standards of living. Industrialization transformed America down to their very roots. During the reformation every one was affected and it served as the key to the modern societies. The accomplishment of industrialization brought structural changes in the economic organization of United States which resulted to a shift from traditional and pre modern agrarian societies to that of industrial economy and it was based on practices and principles of capitalist methods.
Industrialization was accompanied by economic and social changes such as rise per capita and fall in birth rate. The growth of industrial centers led to separation of home and work places which brought re percussions for social geography of urban centers (Kiyosaki & Lechter, 2000).
By 1956, the number of people holding the white collar jobs were exceeding the number people holding the blue collar job in the unite states. This was an important change as it was clear that we were having industrial age. Information age is a term that has been adopted as the industrial age ended. Therefore, the term information age has been used to refer to the present era. Information age is marked by the shift of the global economy towards manipulation of economy contrary to the industrial age which focused on production of physical good (Kiyosaki & Lechter, 2000).
Industrial age came as a result of institution and social changes which historian believes were brought about by the end of feudalism in Britain. This was the period after the war in 17th century. The spread of powerful machine which used new source of power constituted the aspect of changes. The industrial order included increase in productivity that made wealth of new activities and non agricultural good. In 1800, most of the workers worked full time in agricultural sectors but by the end of 1900, most of the work force was employed in manufacturing and service sectors. Before industrial age most of the Americans were working in the small units of production managed by families (Kiyosaki & Lechter, 2000). The units of production were based on permanent or long term relationship that included non quantitative characteristic as board and room and the moral rules of behaviors. The amount of wages that were paid were a function of the moral customs and business prosperity and as much as demand and supply of labor. With the rise of industrialization labor market determine the wages and little attention was given to customs and the moral imperatives of the fair wages. In addition, the employees and the employers lived in an increasingly disconnected life, both spatially and socially. Industrial age has produced many effects which include changing the face of the nation. Industrialization gave rise to urban centers which required vast municipal services. It created an independent specialized economic life and urban workers were made dependent on the will of their employer than the rural worker they had been. There was aggravation of the relation between labor and capital. Industrial age brought the need for the state to intervene for the needs of the laborer and provide necessary services. Industrial age provided the basis for increased professions, increased living standard and expansion of population (Pink, 2006).
On the other hand, information age is changing how people think, what they behave. Information is developing new humanity. Unlike in the industrial age, human beings are making decisions basing on the available facts and less on experiences, feelings, tradition, and myths habit or from the authority of others. During industrial age availability of information about some issues was limited but information age has facilitated availability of information for almost everything. Information age is enhancing uniqueness and individuality. The products and the services are most tailored to suit the desire of everyone. There is a control on what individuals want, who they are and what they do. Information age has brought accountability and human beings are reveling their selves and what they do and who they are, are becoming more transparent. Human beings have now achieved higher levels of morality by being accountable of what is considered being right or wrong. People cannot be dictated by the provider of the good and services because they are much informed and there is little information that is hidden (Pink, 2006).
Many metropolitan areas in the United States stand at the blink of the major changes. Cities in the America have long been buffed by cross currents of immigration, globalization and deindustrialization. In the near future of the pace of social and economic transition will quicken; the opportunity to solve most of the pressing issues may fleet and most problems which are unaddressed will become more complex. The metropolitan areas regions and sitting have now become independent parts of single larger economy. To come up with an everlasting solution will require strategic plan that will involve stakeholders, communities and policy markers.
Covey S R (2004): The 8th Habit: From Effectiveness to Greatness. ISBN 0684846659; Free.
Kiyosaki R T & Lechter S L (2000): Rich Dad’s Cash flow Quadrant: Rich Dad’s Guide to Financial Freedom. ISBN 0446677477; Warner Books.
Pink D H (2006): A Whole New Mind: Why Right-Brainers Will Rule the Future; ISBN 1594481717. Riverhead Books.