Introduction:Children are the most sensitive and important individuals of every society, other than they bringing innocence and color to our worlds they are also young adults living the most important parts of their lives, which would determine as to who they become for the rest of their lives.
They are also sometimes referred to as ‘sponges’ because of their ability to easily absorb all activities and gestures being performed around them. And whatever they observe in their young lives from their families, is what would mold, get polished and develop, turning them into mature and responsible adults.After the mother’s lap, the first education to which a child is transported to outside the boundaries of his house is the preschool, also known as the day care or kindergarten. Preschool usually admits children from an age group ranging amid 18 months to 5 years. As the child brought to such a school is new and fresh to the outside world, such an institute holds an immense rule in child development.
The framework of a preschool is formed by trained and professional personals, which cater in providing proper administration, a good student teacher relation, improvising an adequate environment, creative assessments and pay attention to each child separately. The main point of such institutes is to let the child develop his own abilities and discover his unique aspects of creativity. The areas of greatest concern in the preschool are personal, emotional and social development, communication, an understanding of the world, aesthetic development, mathematical awareness and lastly physical development of the children.Most of the preschools most important aspect of teaching upon which they place their foremost importance is through physical activity brought through different movement programs.
Such movement programs pay attention to not only the physical development of the kid but also his cognitive, social and emotional maturity. Teachers in the program are trained especially for children’s movement as physicians, who arrange the schedule my measuring different levels of the child’s locomotion, manipulation, stability, fitness and aquatics before and after the provision of the program; so as to monitor the efficiency of development in each child.Physical DevelopmentTeachers plan out different movement activities such as cycling, throwing, swimming, running, horizontal bars and many more, which help to develop the kid’s muscular tendency, empowering greater strength and flexibility in his body.
It also builds up aerobic endurance, making the child less vulnerable to small illnesses, and less fragile to stronger physical activities. Moreover, such games help in the proper circulation and growth of the child, building a better posture and helping the child’s skeletal system towards a substantial development.Social DevelopmentThese activities played in groups help the child understand the aspects of cooperation and trust in individuals other than his family, thus advancing him to the outside world. This builds the child’s self-assurance and ability to communicate with others.
They are taught to share and sacrifice with their friends, and to live to work according to simple rules so as to they know that they yearn a responsibility onto others.Cognitive DevelopmentSuch activities do not only enhance a child’s physical capabilities but also bring about mental growth. Movement Programs focus on enhancing the child’s reflex actions, making him mentally active to his surroundings, to observe them and later question about them as is the focal point towards greater learning. Retaining minor things and later testing them upon it, help the child in learning how to create memories and to recall them at the adequate time.
They also help the child to create mental stories and be imaginative with his self, structuring upon his creative aspects.Emotional DevelopmentEmotions of children of this age are high and short lived; and need to be taught the practice of catharsis. They are encouraged to express their own feelings thus, creating words for their own feelings and teaching them a way to exhibit them in the open.Conclusion:These programs are usually videotaped during commencement so as to observe a child’s performance more aptly, to create a feedback for the parents and to specialize in their teaching strategies. While some programs also make use of a heart beat transmitter watch placed on the child’s wrist which helps to monitor the intensity of the child’s physical activity, which is also saved in the child’s records.Children of this age are at the height of learning, they will adapt to anything which they are placed in, have the greatest concentration spans and will learn automatically. Thus such Movement Programs are significant to be adapted by all preschools not only for the child’s physical development but also to make him grow communally, expressively and cognitively.ReferencesDeal, B.
T. Development Preschool Movement Program. Division of Kinesiology and Health. University of Wyominghttp. Retrieved fromhttp://uwacadweb.uwyo.edu/kandh/Benham-Deal/benhamhome.htm