The Iraq War Iraq is located in Middle East, bordering the Persian Gulf, between Iran and Kuwait. A strategic location considering that it is on Shatt al Arab waterway and at the head of the Persian Gulf (CIA, 2008). The country has a great wealth of oil deposits, natural gas among other resources. Iraq has a population of an estimated twenty eight million people (CIA, July 2008 est.), and a population growth rate of 2.5.
This population is composed of four ethnic groups that include Arab, Kurdish, Turkoman and Assyrian. The majority of the people in Iraq are Muslims where there are Shia Muslims and Sunni Muslims (HNN staff, 2006). The percentage of the Shia Muslims is higher than that of the Sunni Muslims this has been a major source of contention on the countries leadership. Iraq economy is largely controlled by the oil sector and only a minute percentage of agriculture.
The Iraq War started with twelve years of continued sanctions and culminated to the actual invasion of Iraq by the United States of America in the year 2003. Over that period, an estimated 2.7 million people died. (Al-Atraqchi F., 2008). As expected in any war, there has been a considerable displacement of civilians.
This influx of refugees both inside and outside Iraq adds to the human suffering brought about by the war. An estimated 4.7 million people were displaced. (UN News Centre, 2008). U.S also lost an estimated 4204 soldiers since the war began (Antiwar.com, November 2008). Equally, The Iraq War had financial implications that perhaps can be linked to the prevailing financial crisis in the world.
This was so considering that on one hand, Iraq is one of the major oil producers in the world, and on the other hand, United States of America is a superpower. An estimated 3 trillion dollars could be the financial cost of the war, which perhaps caused problems to the U.S economy (BBC News, 2008).
Insecurity and fear of attack are two key issues of concern to every state. The fear of weapons of mass destruction is one imperative that led to the invasion of Iraq by U.S. These weapons are capable of mass killing and have a wide range of coverage. This poses a great danger to U.
S interests. It was vital for U.S to avert this eminent disaster. Al Qaeda was another basis for U.
S going into war with Iraq. A terrorist network that has attacked U.S interests. U.
S believed that the network has its hideout in Iraq and thus by invasion, they will trounce all the Al Qaeda’s arrangements. The US also was out to spread democracy and squash Sadam Hussein’s dictatorship. Besides democracy, oil was also in the US agenda. Energy is an integral aspect of growth and development for every state and US administration vividly know that. The state of Israel is small, vulnerable and surrounded by Muslim states of the Middle East. Israel is a close ally of the US and a great enemy of most Middle East states Iraq being one of them. The US had therefore to check the growing power of Iraq for the sake of Israel and it has succeeded. The most fruitful endeavor would be to provide a just, considerate and diplomatic solution to The Iraq war.
The war has already taken place and it cannot be averted. The challenge is to mitigate the impact of the war and reduce suffering of Iraqis. A people centered solution is the most appropriate and it can only come from the major stakeholders of the Iraq war assisted by the international community. A team of diplomats should analyze the situation from the underlying causes. The deliberations of the team should lead to formation of structures to assist the transition government run the state to stability.ReferencesAl-Atraqchi, F., 2008, Al Jazeera English, Wednesday, April 09, 2008, The Iraq Invasion Five Years On, November, 22nd, 2008 from http// www.english.aljazeera.net/focus/theiraqinvasionfiveyearsonUN News Centre, Saturday, 22nd, 2008, Number of people fleeing inside Iraq could rise, UN refugee agency warns, November 22nd, 2008 from http//www.un.org/apps/news/story.asp?NewsID=24378&Cr=Iraq&Cr1=HNN staff, 2006, History News Network, 18th December 2006, What Is the Difference Between Sunni and Shiite Muslims-and Why Does It Matter?, November 22, 2008, from http://hnn.us/articles/934.htmlBBC, 2008, BBC News, Tuesday, 13 November 2007, ‘Hidden costs’ raise US war price, November 22, 2008 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/7092053.stm