The history and traditions. Often times it

The Impact of Colonization on Indigenous Peoples”There are more than 370 million self-identified indigenous peoples in some 70 countries around the world” (IFAD). Many of these natives have a history of great struggle with colonization. They have dealt with immense changes in their culture. A challenge that many native people deal with is the underestimation of the impact of colonization.Most of the original sources of information on indigenous people came from oral history and traditions. Often times it is difficult to find the first-hand experience of being an indigenous person during the time of colonization. Part of the reason for this that native people preserved their history through the storytelling. “Storytelling is innate and inherent in Native culture and is the traditional method in transmitting information” (Grandbois and Sanders 2009, 571). Many or those bearing the knowledge did not survive to pass down these stories. Tracing the stories that did manage survive would not offer much insight into the point of view of natives because “approximately ninety percent of the indigenous peoples, whole generations, were lost to European diseases, massacres, displacement and assimilation during the time of colonization” (Hightower-Langston 2003). This means that until recently, most of what is known of the indigenous people was being documented by outside observers and the colonizers themselves. Many of those dedicated to documenting indigenous history wrote from a point of view to “justify the slaughter and mistreatment of the native population” (Clare 2002,2). Unfortunately, the lack of information coming from indigenous people themselves made it harder for people to see the reality of persecution and hardship that many faced. This has been a major setback for natives because it has influenced many people into believing that actions of colonizers can be proven to be reasonable. One the most impactful challenges that indigenous people have faced is colonization. Colonization can be defined as “the establishment and control of a territory, for an extended period of time, by a sovereign power over a subordinate and ‘other’ people which are segregated from the ruling power” (Kortright, 2003). The sovereign power would dominate politically, economically, and would create social structures which maintained the dependence of the natives. Although many indigenous people were initially welcome to the foreigners, being colonized was never a choice that native people could take part it.; “colonization begins with forced, involuntary entry ” (Kortright). Forced entry is the first step of this process. Colonists eventually became “far more interested in acquiring land, through any means necessary” (Martin 2001, 49). After forcing themselves into the lives and the land of native people, they became willing to do anything to acquire indigenous territory. Some of the methods used by colonizers include the following: “raids, expropriation of labor and resources, imprisonment, and objective murders” (Kortright, 2003). One of the methods that have had the longest lasting effects, is the alteration and destruction of indigenous culture.Works CitedClare, J.D. 2000. North American Indian Life. Tunbridge Wells: Ticktock Publishing.Dalal , Nassima. “The Impact of Colonial Contact on the Cultural Heritage of Native American Indian People.” Diffusion: the UCLan Journal of Undergraduate Research Volume 4 Issue 2 (December 2011).Dec. 2011.Grandbois, D.M and Sanders, G.F. 2009. ‘The Resilience of Native American Elders’, Issues in Mental Health Nursing 30, 569-580. Harlig, Regina. “10 Indigenous Peoples’ Victories to Celebrate – Human Nature -…” Human Nature – Conservation International Blog, 10 Jan. 2014,, Faculty of. “Cultural Safety.” Cultural Connections for Learning,, D. 2003. The Native American World. New Jersey: John Wiley.IFAD. “Indigenous Peoples.” Topics Article, IFAD,, Chris. “Colonization and Identity.” The Anarchist Library, 1 Jan. 2003,, J.W. 2001. The Land Looks After Us: A History of Native American Religion. Mankiller, Wilma. “Being Indigenous in the 21st Century.” Cultural Survival, 1 Mar. 2009,, Siegfried. “Cultural Rights of Indigenous Peoples:Achievements and Continuing Challenges | European Journal of International Law | Oxford Academic.” OUP Academic, Oxford University Press, 1 Feb. 2011,