The Mughal Empire was founded by Zahiruddin Muhammad Babur in 1526. The Empire was founded in the Indian Subcontinent and expanded throughout India. Babur was able to conquer the land with his use of superior cavalry tactics, firearms, and guns. Throughout the Mughal Empire’s history, it had many capitals including Agra, Lahore, and Fatehpur Sikri, depending on who was the emperor. Interestingly enough, Babur’s ancestry is full of power and rule.
In fact, “Babur the first Mughal Emperor, was a descendant of Genghis Khan and Tamerlane” 1. A rich family history of conquering and achieving meant that Babur was a natural born ruler and fighter. Like his ancestors, he captured many lands as a military powerhouse.
Babur’s family history is important because it shows you how he was able to be such a good ruler and how he ruled his empire. Having a great ruling ancestry helped Babur be the dominant ruler he was. Babur’s son Humayun succeeded him after his death.
Humayun was a great soldier, but unlike his father he had very little creativity in battle. Humayun would become a drug addict and the people would soon realize that he was a very lackluster ruler. A few years later, “Humayun fled to Persia where he lived in exile for 15 years after being betrayed by his brothers. In exile, his wife gave birth to their son, Akbar.” 2. Humayun was betrayed by his brothers after losing 2 humiliating battles that he was heavily favored in. With the help of a Persian king he was able to be the ruler of the Mughal Empire once again. While ruling, he influenced his son Akbar in many ways.
After a tragic fall in his library, Akbar succeeded Humayun. This is important because Akbar would go on to be one of the greatest rulers in the history of the world.After the horrendous rule of Humayun, the empire was starting to crumble. However,”Akbar succeeded to the throne at 13, and started to recapture the remaining territory lost from Babur’s empire.” 1.
While Humayun was in rule, he taught his son many forms of art and poetry. This influenced Akbar and how he ruled. After his father Humayun died, Akbar was chosen to lead the empire. At only 13 he was advised and he had significant time to improve as a ruler. Akbar turned out to be one of the greatest rulers ever. He had a great military and was very tolerant of other religions.
The importance of Akbar is massive. He united and expanded a falling empire by conquering lands and putting his people first. After the extremist rule of Aurangzeb, the Mughal territory began to fall. Unlike his ancestors rule, he had little religious tolerance. He imposed harsh laws and heavy taxes to non Muslims. Due to his harsh rule, his people were less loyal to him. This made it easy for the British and French to take over this once booming and promising empire.
By 1858 the empire had come to a complete end.