The problem of determination of phraseology, phraseological unit and classification of phraseological units interested home and oversea linguists (Sh. Balli, A. V. Counin, N. M. Shansciy, N. N. Amosova, A. I. Smirnitsciy, acad. V. V. Vinogradov, V. N. Teliya). In the given work we we consider the most current and complete notions of phraseology, phraseological unit and we analyse classifications FE, offered by home and oversea linguists, with the purpose of creation of the own classification built on the sign of thematic likeness of phraseological units.
The researches conducted in the first section confirmed supposition about existence of great number of hypotheses, that is up to the origin, determination and classification of phraseological unit, Key in our research it is possible to name determinations of phraseological unit, given Sh. Balli, that names connection “phraseological turns”, that were firmly included in a language. (Balli Sh. , 2001, 21); determination of “phraseological unit”, the given O. S.
Ahmanovoy sounds, how “combination of words, in which semantic monolithic nature (integrity of nomination) satisfies above structural divisible of component its elements (feature extraction of object inferior to his integral denotation), is, what it functions as a result of in composition of suggestion as an equivalent of separate word”. In the Large encyclopaedic dictionary we we find the following determination of phraseology: “phraseological unit – idiom” – executing function of separate word firm combination of words, the value of which was unshown out of values of constituents his component.
In our work under a term “phraseological unit” we we understand the special group of firm expressions, that are characterized by the idiomatic value. ( Zagorouyco A. Ya. , and Arnold )I. V. _Reasoning about style to the detective, within the framework of which by us four works of popular author of detective novels were explored – the English authoress Agatha Cristi – we tried to refute the formed thought about that detective genre distant display of superfluous emotionality, metaforichnosti.
In the given context we we compare frazeologichescoyo unit to the metaphor and to come to opinion, that the given stylistic units are the result of the second nomination, that speaks about their likeness, and, accordingly, emotionality. In the second section the research prosecution was conducted of phraseological units and three basic categories, which phraseological units are divided on, are selected.
At first, it is the category of phraseological units, where descriptions of parts of body are remembered, system and function of organism. Secondly, it is the category of phraseological units, where the names of animals are remembered, fishes and birds. And thirdly, category of phraseological units, that contain least linked between itself elements, or elements, where ghosts, ghosts and the greatest forces, for example, devil or god, are remembered, and which make most part in the book of «Give me your life».