The written at that time. The scholars

 

The 18th-century
studies analyses and studies the rich culture of English literature in the 18th
century. They are committed to publishing
all the major literary works of 18th century. Thus, an attempt to
bring back the literature that shaped the future of literature as a whole. It is
published in the form of a journal. The main emphasis is on the finding the long-forgotten texts and study its various characteristics.
Extensive analysis is done to find how the texts or literature evolved through
the century. As the analysis of the unearthed literature works is being done, we are seeing that the literature
of 18th century that spanned across the countries, had started to influence
each other in a major way. The 18th-century
studies are published by the American Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies (ASECS)

The intellectual works span across various
disciples like theatre, literature, etc. The
literary culture of 18th-century allures many scholars
to recover the texts as they don’t just
represent a collection of the texts written at that time. The scholars found a
remarkable trait in the works of 18th centuries that resonated far
beyond that century. They found that the disciplines of literature started following new ideas and new forms of
storytelling methods.

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Satire was one
of those new approaches. Satire is the use of humor to bring about an awareness
expose someone. The period 1660-1750 is known as the golden age of English
Satire. It was a time period the brought on satirists who publicized their works
to the world. The effect was dramatic as satire didn’t just reserve itself to
stories or theatre, there was a multitude
of English poems that used satire in its very essence.

Writers like Daniel Defoe were keen supporters
of Satire. The increased usage of satire informed the general public of tyranny
and injustice that were on at that time in a humoristic way. Therefore, the period
garnered many names like the “Age of reason” or “Age of Enlightenment.” But collectively it was called the “Age of
Satire.”

Satirists like Rochester, Dryden, Pope, Swift, and
Jonson contributed a lot to the satirical
literature of the 18th century. The 18th-century
studies weren’t just aimed to recover the
works of popular or well-known artists of the time. The committee decided that if
they wanted to know the impact of satire or how the public viewed it, they searched
literary works that were written by lesser-known writers or artists.  This approach gave the understanding of the public’s
reaction towards satire at that time.

Literature works like “The Rape of the Lock” and “A
modest proposal” showed sharp, perceptive
works. They targeted the follies of the upper class and how some actions of the
people in power were unacceptable or dimwitted.

The writers of that time were also constraining
themselves in some ways. They made it sure that satire should not go too far so
that it would just become bitter ranting. The reason why satire becomes so popular among the masses was that of the same reason. They sharpened their satirical
skill within the parameters of reasoning. It was a form of entertainment that
was purely focused on two objectives. The first one was to give the humoristic approach
to literature and the second was to create an awareness
or inform people about a subject or an action.

Poetry flourished with the use of satire. The
mock-heroic tone and approach in many ways an attempt to show criticism towards
a change or a rule in a non-violent way. The moral corruption of the society
was being exposed to literature, and it was a much-needed
change. Now in the modern era, we enjoy this much freedom of speech because of
reminiscent efforts of the writers of the past.

References

Literature, Depratment of English
and Comparative. n.d. SAMPLE READING LIST: Eighteenth-Century Satire.
http://english.columbia.edu/18th-century-satire.
Missouri, University of. n.d. Restoration
and 18th-Century Studies. https://english.missouri.edu/area/restoration-and-18th-century-studies.
—. n.d. Restoration and 18th-Century
Studies.
https://english.missouri.edu/area/restoration-and-18th-century-studies.
Wilkinson, Andrew M. 2008. The rise of
English verse satire in the eighteenth century. August 13.
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00138385308596896.