Understanding Tourism Essay Deadline for Submission 11th Feb 2010 Student Name: Armita Sahebkar Yazdi Student number: M00250307 Programme of study: The Business of Tourism Lulu Baddar The Role of Transportation in the Development of Tourism In this essay, I will evaluate the role of transportation in the development of tourism and how it will help to improve and expand the tourism industry.
I will also mention how different types of transportation will help attract more tourists on choosing a certain destination as well as making their travel experience easier, faster, safer and cheaper.In addition, I will explain some major impacts on the economic and the environment, caused by the transportation sector that has a major effect on the tourism industry. Firstly, transportation is an essential part of the tourism industry and it plays an important role as well. Without it, travelling would be impossible. It is because of the improvement of transportation that tourism has expanded (Sorupia, 2005, p 1767). Transportation and the advanced vehicles have made travel to all the corners of the world possible, and while making some changes to the market, it had brought tourism to a whole new level.Tourism has been trying to meet the demands of the tourists and that means improving the transportation facilities and building better transport systems, including high-quality highways, railways and airports as well as the accessibility of support services such as petrol stations, motels and restaurants which will ease the tourism industry to improve. These factors also help during the decision making process, why do tourists choose different forms of holiday destination and transport.
The tourists must consider every aspect before making a decision and the four modes of transport which is road, rail, water and air, play a very important role. Apart from that, tourists are looking for a secure and safe way to travel, where there are advanced facilities available to make their experience easier. In addition, tourism industries try to offer quality, capacity but also cheap and affordable, which contributes to the competitiveness of tourism industry.Air travel has become cheaper than before thus to improve tourism, yet it is still more expensive than road and rail travel however, it is much more efficient and faster than rail and roads. However the tourism industry faces some competition and tries to modernize and update its services to meet the tourist’s demand, such as introducing new budget airlines (e. g. Flydubai), which is easy and it is cheap and it may be the cause of tourist attraction for that certain destination.
However, there is a downside on transportation and its role on the development of tourism, apart from the air pollution caused by the vehicles it also causes noise pollution as well as water pollution and it completely harms the environment and it may cause a negative impact on the society as well, therefore having a major impact on tourism and how tourists base their decisions on these facts. The airline industry consumes about 205 million tones of aviation fuel known as kerosene each year, which according to IPCC, represents 3. % of man’s contribution to global warming from fossil fuel use (Tomek, 2007). Air transport is essential for world business as well as tourism.
The numbers of international tourists are increasing each year and in 2002, 715 million international tourist receipts were accounted for (Tomek, 2007). In addition, most of the air pollutants released into the atmosphere come from cars, trucks, trains and plains. On the other hand, the tourism industry is making sure that people will purchase more destinations; they have come up with some transport strategies.
For example discounts and low fares to certain destination with the help of budget airlines with no free food and beverages allowed on board. In addition to, effective yield management, hiring multi-skilled staff to save more money as well as purchasing fuel sufficient aircraft plus offering internet booking, e-ticketing or paperless tickets to cut costs and help improve tourism (Cooper, 2005, p 482). A great example of how transportation might help to improve tourism may perhaps be Dubai’s Metro service.
Metro was launched at 09/09/09 and it has been the only driverless train system in the Middle East, and it is among the most technologically advanced in the world. And that alone has helped attracting more curious tourist to Dubai so that they can get a chance to experience this unique and groundbreaking transport system. Other than that, Metro has made it much easier for visitors to get around and it will ease traffic in the ever expanding city, reduce travelling times and air pollution while giving both tourists and residents scenic, convenient and cheap travel.In other words Dubai has been helping the tourism industry to improve as it has a major positive impact on its economy as well as the development of tourism in Dubai.
Nevertheless, Emirates airlines is Dubai’s most proud accomplishment as it has brought more tourists than Dubai can handle. With over 100 destinations in 60 countries around the world (Emirates, 2010), Emirates airlines has changed the look of tourism industry and has improved the development of tourism by becoming one the largest and world renowned cities in the tourism industry.With their advanced and innovative transportation network they have noticeably made it easier for tourist as well as residents to travel to their chosen destination safe and fast. On the other hand, Dubai has the sightseeing tour buses called the ‘big bus tours’ that is meant just for the tourists sightseeing and exploring. It is however similar to London’s famous double Decker big red bus which helps tourists enjoy a tour around the city and getting familiar with their surroundings. The tour contains recorded commentary in eight different languages as well as free entry to Dubai Museum and Sheikh Saeed Al Maktoum’s House.Finally, while travelling to certain destinations there are some rules and regulation that must be followed by tourists. However these rules and regulations may differ from one another in relation to the modes of transportation, for example the rules of travelling on air are highly regulated than travelling on water, whereas sea has fewer regulations than any other transport system.
On the other hand, barriers to communication can be the distance of travel, customs control as well as border controls such as visa examination.These are all very important political influences on transportation that are part of the travelling process that everyone must go through. In conclusion, transportation plays a highly important role in the development of tourism as it has eased travel. The improvement of transportation has definitely helped the tourism industry to expand. It also attracts tourists to certain destinations and has a major impact on the environment as well as the economy and tourism cannot manage without transportation as it helps tourists to get from one destination to the other.In addition, the four modes of transport are the different ways in which tourists can travel and depending on the cost and quality and the security and safeness it represents they will make their final decision on what holiday to purchase.
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