IntroductionScientific revolution was among the influential transformations associated with natural science and technological changes. This period is viewed as the origin and foundation of modern science. But in reality scientific revolution was series of changes in structure of nations especially in European nations. Scientific revolution did not happen all at once or start at any specific date but was a continuous process accompanied by various inventions. Scientific revolution is the most intellectual event in the western country. The primary sources in chapter five of the book Worlds of History Volume Two: A Comparative Reader: Since 1400 reveal revolutionary nature of scientific revolution.
Scientific revolution can be viewed as a reaction against Aristotelian model of scientific explanation which emphasizes on internal importance of nature of physical objects and final results associated with internal nature (Reilley, 54). During revolutionary of scientific revolution there were various articles which were published; one was by Nicolaus which was on the revolutions of heavenly spheres and by Andreas on the Fabric of the Human body. Scientific revolution changed human experience in all aspects of life. Its origin can be traced back to European re-discovery by Aristotle who came by means of Islamic world. Scientific revolution swept changes but all cultural components were not in place.
Scientific revolution of thirteenth and fourteenth century did not bring a thought on world that resembles our own. Because of this some people think that there was little scientific progress. Origin of humanism was based on human intellect and creativity with human experience to some extent being reliable base to hang knowledge. Scientific revolution established basis for modern science that challenged the power of church. Religion, fear and superstition were replaced by knowledge and reason. This revolutionary era was an important transformation in scientific ideas across all ideas which contradict with previous ideas (Reilley, 57).
Scientific revolution is not realized due to a single change but various ideas contributed towards its revolutionary. These ideas includes; substitute of earth by sun which is the center of solar system, substitute of Aristotelian theory by rival ideas , substitute of Aristotelian ideas on their nature in which heavy bodies moved down straight to their natural places by the idea that all bodies are heavy and move with response to same physical laws. In addition, substitute of Aristotelian concept of all motion having continuous action caused by inertia concept. There was also replacement of Galen’s treatment of arterial and venous system as two different systems. The main changes during scientific revolutionary were mechanical philosophy, chemical philosophy and empiricism. In mechanical philosophy final cause was the most significant which had aim, goal and reason. In chemical philosophy was increasingly significant aspect on scientific thought.
It emphasized on active powers of matter which are important principles in nature. Empiricism was through observation and search for natural situations. This revealed the un-universal facts on nature as being in artificial state. The view of nature according to scientific revolution is incompatible with religious views on nature.
People believe that according to life, nature consists of dead matter and this is solved by science by redefining life as being complex. Consciousness argues that there is nothing as internal nature (Reilley, 61). In conclusion, these documents establish revolutionary qualities of scientific revolution because they clearly explain how scientific revolution came about and what contributed towards it. They really convince me that scientific revolution was in fact a revolutionary because many scientific events occurred in series resulting in changes. These studies extended to study of earth and heavens thus people abandoning traditional beliefs. Scientific revolutionary is characterized by move towards the Platonic emphasis on formal mathematical properties and away from reliance on Aristotelian. This brought great changes not only to the traditional world but also to the modern world.Works CitedReilley, Kelvin, Worlds of History Volume Two: A Comparative Reader: Since 1400, (3rd Ed), Bedford/St.