The 9/11 attack had a major impact on the tourism and the
tourists desire to visit the country as it made them feel less secure and reluctant
to travel. Many studies have shown that since the incident of 9/11 there has
been a decrease in tourists and tourists are more likely to alter their
holidaying patterns due to the increase in threat and violence. Floyd et al
(2004) report on Simons market found that 39% of people that were surveyed said
that the 9/11 attack would have an impact on their travelling plans. Crotts et
al (2007) found that 84% of the respondents agreeing that they are less likely to
travel to the country where they think they have a risk to their lives. On the
other hand, Tate’s (2002) also carried out a research and found that only 3% of
the respondents felt that safety was the main issue when travelling for
tourists. Furthermore, Floyd and Pennington- gray’s (2004) says that in his
research 69% of the Americans that took part make other plans for leisure away
from the place where the 9/11 incident took place.
Firstly, 9/11 had an impact on the immigration system. The
bush administration have formed the department of homeland security in 2002, an
office that combined 22 governments’ agencies. Department of justice is divided
into the immigration and the naturalisation service and the U.S custom service.
They then combined to form the U.S immigration and customs enforcement. There
has been a massive increase in deportation since 9/11.
The U.S immigration policy is linked with the national
security and the border control policies. After the 9/11 terrorist attack,
there have been new government bodies created and restrictions have been
tightened about who is and who isn’t allowed in the U.S. The department of
homeland security say that according to statistics, approximately there have
been 200,000 deportations between 1999 and 2000.in 2002, this number slightly
fell and it started to increase the next year.