The African indigenous literature does not only focus on the cultural and political traditions but also highlights the critical aspects of the race in the culture of African civilizations.
Many of the literary articles can be read to find the relation the major affairs and definitely, all of these factors will mostly be focusing on the racial criticisms that have been a major subject of the concentration. The Black Girl (1966) is based on the story of an African maid who faced numerous challenges and obstacles during her work life where she started to work for the richest French family. The challenges remained for a long-time but the matter of working with the family who were living a complex life in a home-like prison.
Numerous themes have been shown in the movie that is directed by the famous groundbreaking filmmakers, Ousmane Sembene, who comprehensively but figuratively exposed the struggles of the young African woman. The story of the movie is designed to educate the people about the existing conditions while at the same time chartering the new political and cultural alternatives (Sembène 2005). Moreover, the main focus of the movie was on the racial controversies which describe the treatment of the owners towards the African maid. The story continues to give the idea that not only culture, poverty, deception, and political affairs are the reason to discriminate the people of different regions but the race is also one of the factors due to which the people are judged in almost all parts of the world. It has been signified in the story as well that the Africans are mostly assigned jobs of the lower level where due to their race while their owners treat them harshly. This is why many of the African people hinders in expressing themselves and even does not get a pleasure to adopt the trends where they are restricted by their owners. This marks a bridge between the two communities where one enjoys the superiority while the other one is felt the inferiority over everything. Doris Lessing narrated a similar story which is named as the No Witchcraft for Sale where the author has shared the experiences of the living standards in the African community.
The author highlighted the political and social concerns along with the heavy context of the racial differences in contrast with the culture of the other countries. The No Witchcraft for Sale was set during the 1960’s which sets the integral to the story. The story defines the culture of the African community in which the people are cured of their ill-health but the human contribution is judged by the race they belong. Most of the quotes from the story declare the black man heritage (Lessing p.2) and the where the survivor and the society are arguably communicating about the racial differences. Thus, it is derived from both of the literary pieces that the African literature heavily focuses on the societal conditions that are based on the differences in the culture and race.
The race is hence, the most important thematic factor in the literature which defines how the Africans are judged on the basis of their culture and skin tone.