There are many different organisations when it comes to working with children. The first one is Statutory. A Statutory organisation is an organisation that is provided by the government after it has been passed by a state of law. Statutory organisations are provided by either local authorities or central government departments. They provide for education, health care, financial support, personal social services, housing, leisure services and public health. The service is funded through central taxation either by council tax or national insurance.
My example is a nursery called pooh nursery school which is set in Eastbourne. The second type of organisation is voluntary. A voluntary service is founded or formed by individuals who want to help certain groups of people who they believe need special help. The difference between a voluntary organisation and a statutory organisation is that unlike a statutory organisation no legislation law has to be passed in order for the organisation to be set up. The voluntary organizations also help and support for some people who have health conditions.
My example is a nursery called Little Chelsea nursery which is set in Eastbourne. The nursery has two locations. The first location is in saffron’s park and South Street. The final organisation is private. A private organisation is provided by individuals and companies. The organisation usually aims to provide a service and to make a financial profit for their owners. Private organisations need to be ‘financially viable’. My example is a private school called St Andrew’s School. (E2) At pooh’s nursery school they aim to provide a high standard for individuals and also for group care.
The children in the nursery are supported in different either by role modeling or observations. The aim of the nursery is to provide activities that are appropriate to ensure that children acquire the necessary skills concepts and attitudes. At the nursery they aim to develop children’s learning skills by communication and language which involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment and also to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves and to speak and listen in different range of situations.
The little Chelsea nursery in saffron’s park accepts up to 29 children per time. However Saffron Park only accepts children from the age of a month old to two years old. The south street location is where the pre-school children are based. At South Street they accept up to 48 children per time. Children who go to the south street nursery are aged 18 months-5years old. Children are moved to South Street when the nursery feels that they are ready for the next step in their learning development.
The nursery offers the children a start in their outdoor learning experience by using their local community to capture their imagination. At St Andrew’s School they accept children aged two to four. For the pre-prep section they expect high standards from the children. The pre-prep section provides education in reading, writing, numbers, art, design technology, music, dance, sport and drama. The school accepts children with different abilities, all social and cultural backgrounds. The school quotes “St Andrew’s opens the doors to the wonderful prep school years of learning and discovery.
Children are inspired to ‘have a go’ and strive for their potential within a happy and supportive atmosphere without losing sight of fundamental values of kindness and honesty”. (E3) Legislation is acts of law. In the country there are 5 main pieces of legislation acts. These 5 are the children act of 1989, the children act of 2004, the child care act of 2006, the United Nations convention on the right of the child of 1989 and the human rights act of 1998. The children act of 1989 came into force in October 1909. It aims to protect children in every situation in their home, in childcare or in full time care.
For the children act of 1989 there are 9 main points. Children are entitled to protection from neglect, abuse and exploitation. Wherever possible children should be brought up and cared for by their families’ . The child wishes should be taken into account when making decisions . unnecessary delay in procedures court action should be avoided For the children act of 2004 has 8 main points. Firstly settings must follow the education program of the EYFS. Next settings must be inspected by ofsted. Next settings must provide a balance of child-iniated play and adult led activities.
Next staff to children rations must be followed. Next all children must have a key person. Next settings must have a safe guarding children policy. Next children must have time in and outdoors. Finally settings must carry out observations on children. (E4) Whilst working with children there are many principles and values that underpin working with children. Firstly there is the E. C. M. In ECM there are five main points we need to take into consideration. We need to make sure that the child stays safe, is healthy, enjoys and achieves, has economic well-being, and has a positive contribution.
A book called ECM next steps quotes “ the ECM aim is to ensure that every child has the opportunity to fulfill their potential and no child slips through the nets”. To make sure that the child stay’s safe we need to make sure that at the start of every day or every lesson we take the register to ensure that all the children are present. We need to make sure that our environment is safe and that there are no places or stuff that could harm our children because we need to make sure that our children are safe from accidents.
To make sure that the children have positive contribution we need to make sure that the children are included in every decision making and make sure hat they have positive behavior. To make sure that this happens we need to make sure that parents and families are good role models for the children as well. To make sure that we have included every one we need to make sure that we deal with significant lifestyles and relationships changes and challenges. There are also other principles and values that underpin working with children. One of these is the CACHE statement of values.
These are some of the points from the CACHE statement of values: You need to put the child first by ensuring the child’s welfare and safety. This is very important whilst working with children. We need to ensure that the child is safe at all times because if the child is unsafe it might lead to an accident or an injury which might lead to problems with the parents which then might also lead to problems with yourself and your work. We need to respect the child as an individual. This means that we need to involve the child in everything activity.
For example you might have a child who came from overseas and celebrates different traditions and speaks another language we need to make sure that we find some way to make them feel like they are included in all the activities and that they don’t feel left out in any way. This also links to the EYFS. Another point is the EYFS. In the EYFS there are four main themes which are unique child, positive relationships, enabling environments, learning and development. A child will always need the support of their parents and families in order to achieve their full potential.
The EYFS seeks to provide quality and consistency. This is to ensure that every child improves and makes even more progress and that no child gets lefts behind because if they do they will feel unwanted and left out. A child might come from a foreign country and doesn’t know that much English. Another child might believe in a different religion which means that they might not want to do the same activities the other children. If you happen to come across a situation like this it is important that you try to come up with an activity that every child can participate in and one where they don’t feel left out.
The book called child minding quotes that “a unique child: every child is a competent learner from birth who can be resilient, confident and self absorbed”. (E5) It is important that the children feel valued and respected at all times. Whilst working with the children it is a good idea to have diversity in mind. Diversity means responding positively to the difference and valuing all people not just the families and children you feel close to but also the ones you may not understand very well.
This may be reflected in many ways for example we can reflect on how they speak, or on their culture, their beliefs, their care needs. It is important that we use inclusion in relation with children with special needs or disability. Inclusive actives should provide equipment, a range of options, a range of environments, flexible and adjustable resources, a range of variety and tools and implements, effective adults to support and facilitate. Another thing we need to think about whilst working with children is Differentiation. Differentiation can be used in relation to planning activities to do with children.
This is important because we need to make sure that every child gets treated equally. An example might be a child with an allergy. For example they might be allergic to bread with seeds in it. To solve this problem it might be a good idea to have a list of the child’s allergy stuck up in the kitchen so that when preparing meal times we know what to use and what not to use. If you happen to prepare snack time and it happens to include bread you need to make sure that if it is whole wheat bread it must not have seeds in them or just give the children white bread instead.
You don’t want to tell the child that he can’t have snack because the bread has seeds in it this will make the child feel left out because if they do they will feel like they don’t belong in the setting. Rather than telling the child he can’t have any snack or he has to sit away from everybody else you could give all the children the same type of bread or just give them a selection and just make sure that the child doesn’t touch the bread with seeds in it. (E6) Whilst working with children it is important to have professional skills and also whilst working with children it is always important to remember to be rofessional at all times. To make sure that we remain professional we need to be reliable and punctual. If you show up late to work parents may also be late. When working it is important that you are sensible because if you are not it could lead to a child hurting or injuring themselves or it might lead to an accident involving you and a child which could get you into trouble. You must be sensitive when working with children. You will be given a lot of options or opinions but it is important that you don’t always go with the first opinion because that opinion might be wrong.
It is important that you maintain professional standards when working with children. Communication is a big thing when it comes to working with children. You should always think before you speak because if you say something you didn’t mean to say the child might use it without you knowing. (E7) People have different learning styles which mean that they process information in different ways using different skills. It is a good idea that you discover how you learn and study best. Some of us might be auditory learners which mean that you process the formation by listening.
Some of us might be kinesthetic learners which mean that you process by doing certain types of movements. Some of us might be visual learners which mean that we process faster by watching or remembering things that are on pictures or are on diagrams. It is important that you manage your time well. To make sure that you have all the information that you need you could research things either in the library, books, magazines or internet. Whilst you are learning it is a good idea to take notes because it will help you when you are working at home. D1) Whilst working with children it is important that practitioners maintain a professional relationship with parents and other practitioners. One word that they should always remember is professional. It always important that you behave in a professional manner. They also need to remember to meet the child’s and their families’ needs. When working or dealing with parents it is important tat you respect the parent’s views and opinions because if you don’t the parents might see you as unprofessional and not right to look after their child.
It is also important to maintain a professional relationship in the setting. However it is as important to maintain a professional relationship out of the setting as well. If you happen to meet the parents of a child in your nursery when you are outside it is really important that you maintain a professional relationship because if you don’t the parents will have seen you behaving what they think is inappropriate and unprofessional which might lead to problems for you with the parents and also problems for you at work.
It is important to remember that parents are the most important people in their children’s early lives. It is a good idea to work together with the parents so that the can enhance the child’s learning development. Also building a professional relationship also gives them courage to put their trust in the practitioner. It is as important to maintain professional relationships with other practitioners as well as parents. It is important to remember that within the setting they need to behave in a professional manner and to always ensure the needs and welfare of the child.
It is also important that whilst in the setting you only discuss professional information because if you say something about a certain child it might lead to problems because someone in the setting might be related or know the parents of the child and might go telling them about what has been said. It is also important that they maintain professional at all times because if they bring personal life into the work place it might cause problems which might lead to problems within the setting itself. (D2) Whilst working with children you will find yourself working with a multi-agency team.
Multi-agency is when lots o people in different professionals work towards a common goal together. Examples of multi-agency teams are Doctors, Social services, Teachers, TA’s. Multi-agency team works toward supporting the right’s and needs of the child and their families. To help a child progress faster than they would I is a god idea to have learning support with them. Learning support doesn’t need to help them with every single problem they could just help them on a particular problem for example a child might have problems with their math’s so all the staff would have to do is help them on their math’s.
When children are with a multi-agency team they tend to progress there education and information much quicker than being in a normal class with only one teacher. This is because there are different practitioners that specialize if different topics. Multi-agency teams can also link to the ECM. This means that the team can provide education for children through local authorities. They also include health professionals these are people who are school doctors pediatricians, nurses, therapists and language therapists. When making a decision in a multi-agency they make sure that children are the most important thing in the discussions at all times. C) When working with children the most important thing that you should take into consideration is the child’s views and opinions. This will help us to see what their interests are. If we listen to what the child has to say it will make their learning more interesting they will also learn more if they are enjoying their time in the setting. It is important that we always listen to what the child has to say because by not listening to their views and opinions it will make the child feel unconfident during their time at the setting.
A child will always want to express their views or their opinions when they are in some sort of trouble. It is always important that we listen to all the of the children’s views and opinions because if we just listen to one child we are showing the other children that we don’t care about what they have to say. This will make them feel neglected as well as sad. When a child is expressing their views or opinions in front of you it makes it easier for you to see what their likes and dislikes are. This will help you when you are planning an activity for future lessons because now you now what the child likes and doesn’t like.
It is really important to value the child’s opinions and views as well. For example if a child tells you of an activity they like and you set it out in the same week then it will make the child feel like their opinions are valued and they will feel included and they will also have more confident to express their views in the future as well. When this happens it could make the child improve their behavior towards you and other practitioners as well. Showing that we value each child’s views and opinions make the child feel like they are respected and it also allows them to respect themselves as well.
This will also help the child in the future as well because they now have the confident to be out spoken and open minded which will make work easier for practitioners because they now know the needs of the child. Another thing that is very important for practitioners is that they give the children the time to explain and express their feelings because if you don’t it might make the child feel as if you don’t want to listen to what they have to say and they will end up feeling even more neglected. (B) Whilst working practitioners should always be aware of where their limits and boundaries lie.
They should also remember to always behave in a professional manner. The important thing is that practitioners are aware that the child needs to be protected at all times. If a child comes up to you with a problem either at home or at school it is important that all you do is listen. However you should not take the matter and discuss it elsewhere because it would mean that you are not protecting the child and also if you use the child’s name in public someone around you might be related or know the child and might go complaining to their parents which could lead to trouble.
It is important that you keep information about a child within your setting and only share it with other staff and practitioners. It is also important for practitioners to remember that when speaking to a child you can’t talk to a child like you would talk to other practitioners or your friends. You would have to get down to eye level with the child. It is very important that you are very careful of what you say within the setting so that the child would understand what you are saying. (A)
A child-centered approach is really important when working because it ensures that the focus is on the outcomes of the children. It is also important for the children’s well-being and interests to be at the center of attention. This is so that children are recognized as individuals. It also gives the children courage to reach their full potential. Child centered approaches give practitioners knowledge about the child and their interests. It is also a good use to build up strong relationships with the child as well.
By using child-centered approach the children will also benefit from it as well. It will give the child to increase their self-confidence as well as their self esteem. This is because they are able to investigate their own learning and they also get to share their thoughts and ideas. It will also help the child become self independent as well. Independence is a key issue that relates to children’s learning development. It is very important that we remember to value the child’s interests and experiences.
We need to aim for all the children to be included in all of the activities as well because this will make them feel valued. Activities in a child centered approach should be built up on previous experience of the child. Activities should be a balance adult led and child iniated activity. It also as to be flexible so that we can ensure that we are taking all of the aspects of the child’s involvement in the activity. We also need to make sure that the environment gives the children challenging opportunities to face every day.
Reference and bibography
E2 quote: www.androvian.co.uk
E4 quote: book called : ECM net steps Page 5
Reference: DF ES/0240/2004
E4 2nd quote: book called: Child minding: A handbook for the diploma in home based childcare 4th edition.
Author: Nelson Thrones, Christie Hobart, Jill Frankle
Series editor: Miranda Walker