There are around 2.
5 million people in India living with some type of Cancer. There is an alarming rate of over 700,000 cancer patients registered per year, and deaths from Cancer stands at 556,400. Oral cavity cancer and lung cancer in males and Cervix and Breast Cancer in females account for over 50% of deaths caused by cancer in Indiahttp://cancerindia.org.
in/statistics/. Unfortunately India has some of the highest cancer rates in the world. India has the highest incidence of cancers associated with tobacco, which is commonly chewed as well as smoked in India. The Aizawl district of Mizoram has the highest cause of cancer in men from the lower pharynx to the tongue. Women in New Delhi have the highest cancer rate from gallbladder cancer at 10.6 per 100,000 of the population. Men in Pondicherry have one of the highest mouth cancer rates – 8.9 per 100,000 of the populationhttps://www.
ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC546104/ . The type of cancers prevalent in India:Oro-pharynx, Breast, Cervix, Lung, Gall Bladder, Stomach, Kidney, Intestine and Prostate. Let’s compare the morbidity and mortality rates of cancer in India to get an idea of how many die out of cancer who get the disease.
Mortality is the number of deaths due to a disease divided by the total population. Morbidity is the number of people who have the disease divided by the total population. India’s current population is 1.324 billion = 1,324,000,000 https://data.worldbank.
org/country/indiaCancer Morbidity Rate = 700000/1324000000 ? 52 cases per 100,000Cancer Mortality Rate = 556400/1324000000 ? 42 deaths per 100,000Based on the comparison between cancer morbidity and mortality rates it’s clear that mortality rate is pretty close to the morbidity rate. In India, the main carcinogens are smoking tobacco(bidi) & chewing tobacco, betel nut (supari) and betel quid (paan, paan masala). These three carcinogens make oral cancer the most common cancer in India. Tobacco in its many forms, air pollution and certain viral infections fall under avoidable causes of cancer in India. Human papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer and Hepatitis B increases the risk of liver cancer.
Getting vaccinated against both these viruses can protect women against cervical cancer and protect both genders from liver cancers.