This Aircraft or Flying Mini Robots or

This paper investigates a deep research of a new trend
in the International Aviation Law – the new world of the pilotless aircraft so
called as drones. There are many terms how to call this phenomena – Unmanned
Aerial Vehicles (UAVs), Unmanned Aerial Systems (UAS), Pilotless Aircraft,
Miniature Pilotless Aircraft or Flying Mini Robots or simply the drone – it
still describes the rapidly growing in popularity instrument in the
international aviation system. Further in the research it will be more
explained which of all these terms is most suitable when the discussion is
about the international aviation law. But it would be mistake saying that the
phenomena of remotely controlled and unmanned device is new, actually it has
been there already since the WWI in different modes – space, air, underwater
and land. Even the regulator Chicago Convention in its Annexes 2, 7 and Article
8 has something to say about these power-driven aircrafts. Later when the world
experienced a technological boom and the drones began to be used not only for
military purposes but also for civilians it was pretty clear that the
regulations in Chicago Convention must be updated because their differ by the
time and purpose of use. Also the regulations in Chicago Convention differs
between certain countries which means that nowadays there are two responses
from the countries – one is permissive (regulatory vacuum) regulatory
environment for drones and another is restrictive (total ban) regulatory
environment. Time has changed, purposes of use as well, but what is right now
is already done, there is also necessary to look beyond and think about future
because the technological development will not stop. If
there are already have been small damages and accidents in the aviation
industry and space, it means when the usage of drones will improve their
features and probably have on board humans as passengers there are not
acceptable small failures anymore
because then there is already a discussion about human lives and who will be
responsible for that in this case. For this reason, predicting that drones are becoming
huge issue in aviation law, there was established International Civil Aviation Organization and at this moment it took the
regulatory and legislative framework in their hands and already published a
Manual on Remotely Piloted Aircraft Systems. But as the experts say, it is not
enough yet, so the ICAO, European Union and other involved parties are working
hand in hand very hard to create a new international legal instrument which
will successfully control the usage of drones now and in future. This research
main goal is to introduce a reader with the current situation of drones’ world
and give adequate conclusion and recommendations how to improve this new legal
instrument to guarantee the safety in the aviation industry and fill in the
current weaknesses.